JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A Study of Psychological Effects of Pilots Depending on the Different Environments between Actual and Simulated Flights
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
A Study of Psychological Effects of Pilots Depending on the Different Environments between Actual and Simulated Flights
Kim, Jinju; Lim, Youngcheon; Seol, Hyeonju; Jee, Cheolkyu; Hong, Youngseok;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Objective: This study aims to examine the psychological effects of pilots caused by the environmental differences between actual and simulated flights by measuring biochemical stress level and subjective stress level. Background: Currently, the flight system of the air force suffers from several problems including a limited training area, increase of complex and tangled missions and rise in oil prices. In order to overcome these problems an L-V-C (Live, Virtual, Constructive) training system has been proposed as a solution. However, to establish the effective L-V-C training system, it is required to figure out the characteristics of each system first. Also we have to solve the problems which could occur when these systems are connected together. Method: In order to measure the biochemical stress level of pilots, we investigated the differences in cortisol responses after actual and simulated flight training separately. Meanwhile, we conducted the questionnaire survey of about 40 pilots to identify the subjective stress level of pilots. Results: There was significant difference in cortisol level between actual and simulated flight tasks. However, we found that there was no significant difference in pilots` feelings about two flight tasks. Conclusion: The results from this study can be used as basis for the further research on not only how to decrease linkage errors of the L system and the V system but also how to make the L-V training system more practical. Application: The results of the analysis might help to develop the Live-Virtual-Constructive (LVC) pilot training system.
 Keywords
L-V-C training system;Pilot`s psychological effect;Stress;Cortisol level;Stress;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Andre, A. and Wickens, C., When users want what's not best for them, Ergonomics in Design, October, 1995.

2.
Bremner, J., Vythilingam, M. and Vermetten, E., Cortisol response to a cognitive stress challenge in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to childhood abuse, Psychoneuroendocrinology, 2003.

3.
Furlan, P.J., DeMartiniis, N. and Schweizer, E., Abnormal salivary cortisol levels in social phobic patients in response to acute psychological but not physical stress, Biological Psychiatry, 2001.

4.
Frankenhaeuser, M., Lundberg, U., Fredrikson, M., Melin, B., Tuomisto, M., Myrsten, A.L., Hedman, M., Bergman-Losman, B. and Wallin, L., Stress on and off the job as related to sex and occupational status in white-collar workers, Journal of Organizational Behavior, 1989.

5.
Gordis, E., Granger, D.A., Susman, E. and Trickett, P., Asymmetry between salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase reactivity to stress: Relation to aggressive behavior in adolescents, Psychoneuroendocrinology, 2006.

6.
Han, K.H. and Kim, H.T., The Cause and Solution of Cybersickness in 3D Virtual Environments, The Korea Journal of Cognitive and Biological Psychology, Vol. 23, 2011.

7.
Harenstam, A. and Theorell, T., Cortisol elevation and serum g-glutamyl transpeptidase in response to adverse job conditions: How are they interrelated, Biol Psychol, 1990.

8.
Hellhammer, D.H., Wust, S. and Kudielka, B.M., Salivary cortisol as a biomaker in stress research, Psychoneuroendocrinology, 34, 2009.

9.
Hwang, S.C. and Baek, J.H., Implementation and Evaluation of Flight Tasks in Instrument Flight Simulator, The Korea Journal of Navigation Institute, Vol. 4, 2000.

10.
Kamer, A., Physiological metrics of mental workload: A review of recent progress, In D. Damos (ed), Multiple task performance, Taylor & Francis, 1991.

11.
Kang, D.M., Son, B.M., Koh, S.B., Son, M.A., Kim, J.W., Jang, J,H., Cho, B.M. and Lee, S.I., Effects of Physical Workload on Salivary Cortisol Level, Korea Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 16, 2003.

12.
Kim, S.Y., Ahn, J.H., Sung, C.H. and Kim, T.G., A research on the Interoperation of Virtual-Constructive Simulation, The Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology, 2010.

13.
Kim, T.G., lecture material, Modeling and Simulation (M&S) for national defense, KAIST, 2009.

14.
Kirschbaum, C. and Hellhammer, D., Encyclopedia of stress, Academic Press, 2000.

15.
Levine, A., Zagoory-Sharon, O., Feldman, R., Lewis, J.G. and Weller, A., Measuring cortisol in human psychobiological studies, Physiology & Behavior, 2007.

16.
Lopez-Duran, N.L., Hajal, N.J., Olson, S.L. and Felt, B.T., Individual differences in cortisol responses to fear and frustration in middle childhood, J Exp Child Psychol, 2009.

17.
Lundberg, U., Granqvist, M., Hansson, T., Magnusson, M. and Wallin, L., Psychological and physiological stress responses during repetitive work at an assembly line, Work stress, 1989.

18.
Park, S.K. and Kim, D.S., Relationship between Physiological Response and Salivary Cortisol Level to Life Stress, Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, Vol. 26, 2007. crossref(new window)

19.
Pollard, T.M., Ungparkorn, G., Harrison, G.A. and Parkers, K.R., Epinephrine and cortisol responses to work: A test of the models of Frankenhaeuser and Karasek, Ann Behav Med, 1996.

20.
Quick, J., Introduction to the measurement of stress at work, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 1998.

21.
Selye, H., The stress of life, Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1979.

22.
Tsang, P. and Wilson, G., Mental workload, In G. Salvendy (ed), Handbook of human factors and ergonomics, 2nd ed., Wiley, 1997.

23.
Vedhara, K., Miles, J., Bennett, P., Plummer, S., Tallon, D., Brooks, E., Gale, L., Munnoch, K., Schreiber- Kounine, C., Fowler, C., Lightman, S., Sammon, A., Rayter, Z. and Farndon, J., An investigation into the relationship between salivary cortisol, stress, anxiety, and depression, Biological Psychology, 2003.