JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
New Breast Measurement Technique and Bra Sizing System Based on 3D Body Scan Data
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
New Breast Measurement Technique and Bra Sizing System Based on 3D Body Scan Data
Oh, Seolyoung; Chun, Jongsuk;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a method for measuring breast size from three-dimensional (3D) body scan image data. Background: Previous bra studies established reference points by directly contacting the subject's naked skin to determine the boundary of the breast. But some subjects were uncomfortable with these types of measurements. This study examined noncontact methods of extracting breast reference points from 3D body scan data that were collected while subjects were wearing standardized soft bras. Method: 3D body scan data of 32 Korean women were analyzed. The subjects were selected from the Size Korea 2010 study. The breast landmarks were identified by graphic analyses of slicing contour lines on 3D body scan data. Results: Three methods determining bra cup size were compared. The M1 and M2 methods determined cup size by calculating the difference between bust girth and under-bust girth. The M3 method determined bra cup size by measuring breast arc length. Conclusion: The researchers proposed an anthropometric bra cup sizing system with the breast arc length (M3 method). It was measured from the geometrically defined landmarks on the 3D body scan slicing contour lines. The new bra cup size was highly correlated with breast depth. Application: The noncontact measuring method used in this study can be applied to the ergonomic studies measuring sensitive body parts.
 Keywords
3D body scan;Bra;Sizing system;Breast arc length;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Al-Mousa, M., Saudi Arabian consumer's interest in commercial application of 3D body scanner in the apparel market. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 35, 688-694, 2011. doi:10.1111/j.1470-6431.2010.00983 crossref(new window)

2.
Bougourd, J., Sizing in clothing: Developing effective sizing systems for ready-to-wear clothing. In: S. P. Ashdown, ed. Sizing systems, fit models and target markets. Washington, DC: CRC Press, 108-151, 2007.

3.
Chen, C.M., La Bat, K., and Bye, E., Bust prominence related to bra fit problems. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 35(6), 695-701, 2011. doi:10.1111/j.1470-6431.2010.00984 crossref(new window)

4.
Cyberware, Cyberware DigiSize Research and Analysis Manual. Monterty, CA: Cyberware, 30-129, 1999.

5.
Elam, C., The Bra Dilemma Solved. Threads, June/July 1997, 36-40, 1997.

6.
Greenbaum, A.R., Heslop, T., Morris, J. and Dunn, K.W., An Investigation of the suitability of Bra Fit in Women Referred for Reduction Mammaplasty. British Journal of Plastic Surgery, 56, 230-236, 2003. doi:10.1016/S0007-1226(03)00122-X crossref(new window)

7.
Han, Y.S., Nam, Y.J. and Choi, K.M., The characteristics of 3D Measurements of Korean adult women compared with Manual Measurements. In: D. C. Lee, ed. 2006 Fall Conference and Annual Meeting Ergonomics Society of Korea. 12-13 May 2006 Seoul: Ergonomics Society of Korea, 285-290, 2006.

8.
Hart, C. and Dewsnap, B., An Exploratory Study of the Consumer Decision Process for Intimate Apparel. Journal of Fashion Marketing Management, 5,108-119, 2001. doi:10.1108/EUM0000000007282 crossref(new window)

9.
Hong, K.H., Engineering Design Process for the Sense-Friendly Comfort Brassiere Using Various Techniques of Human Technology. The Journal of Korean Society of Living Environment System, 9(3), 226-237, 2002.

10.
International Organization for Standardization, 1989. ISO 8559: 1989. Garment Construction and Anthropometric Surveys - Body Dimension.

11.
Kim, Y.W., Kweon, S.A. and Sohn, B.H., Establishment of Brassiere Cup Size and Analysis on Breast Volume. Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 34(1), 67-77, 2010. crossref(new window)

12.
Korean Agency for Technology and Standards, KS K 9404: 2009. Korea sizing systems for foundation garments, 2009.

13.
Kovacs, L., Eder, M., Hollweck, R., Zimmermann, A., Settles, M., Schneiderd, A., Endlicha, M., Muellera, A., Schwenzer-Zimmerere, K., Papadopulosa, N.A. and Biemer, E., Comparison between breast volume measurement using 3D surface imaging and classical techniques. The Breast, 16, 137-145, 2007. doi:10.1016/j.breast.2006.08.001 crossref(new window)

14.
Lee, H.Y. and Hong, K.H., Fundamental Morphological Consideration for the 3-D Shape Analysis of the Middle-aged Women's Breast. Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 26(5), 703-714, 2002.

15.
Lee, H.Y., Hong, K.H. and Kim, E.A., Measurement protocol of women's nude breasts using a 3D scanning technique. Applied Ergonomics, 35, 353-359, 2004. doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2004.03.004 crossref(new window)

16.
Lee, H.Y. and Hong, K.H., Accuracy Improvement of Breast Volume Estimation Using Length Parameters of Breast. The Research Journal of the Costume Culture, 14(5), 840-849, 2006.

17.
Lee, H.Y. and Hong, K.H., Optimal brassiere wire based on the 3D anthropometric measurements of under breast curve. Applied Ergonomics, 38, 377-384, 2007. doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2006.03.014 crossref(new window)

18.
Lee, S.E., Kunz, G.I., Fiore, A.M. and Campbell, J.R., Acceptance of mass customization in apparel: merchandising issues associated with preference for product, process, and place. Clothing and Textiles Research Journal, 20(3), 138-146, 2002. doi:10.1177/0887302X0202000302 crossref(new window)

19.
McKinnon, L. and Istook, C., Comparative analysis of image twin system and the 3T6 body scanner. Journal of textile and apparel, Technology and Management, 1(2), 1-7, 2001.

20.
National Research Foundation of Korea, Understanding and Practice of Research Ethics. 2011, http://www.cre.or.kr/article/textbook/1381813 (retrieved May 10, 2013)

21.
Pandarum, K., Size prediction for plus sized women's intimate apparel using a 3d body scanner. Thesis (MS). Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, 2009.

22.
Paquette, Brantley, J.D., Corner, B.D., Li, P. and Oliver, T., Automated extraction of anthropometric data from 3D images. In: 44th Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 29 July-4 August 2000 San Diego, CA. Santa Monica, CA: The Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 727-730, 2000. doi:10.1177/154193120004403811 crossref(new window)

23.
Park, Y.S. and Lim, Y.J., A Study on Establishment of Brassiere Size and Clothing Pressure for the Twenties-aged Women. Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, 52(8), 15-27, 2002.

24.
Park, Y.S., Kim, S.M., and Kim, E.R., A Study on the Classification of Brassiere Cups by Breast Volume Measurement Values on Women in their Twenties. Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, 23(2), 93-104, 2004. crossref(new window)

25.
Pechter, E.A., A new method for determining bra size & predicting post augmentation breast size. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 102(4), 1259-1265, 1998. crossref(new window)

26.
Shin, K., Patternmaking for Underwear Design. United States: CreateSpace. 2-8, 2010.

27.
Simmons, K.P. and Istook, C.L., Body measurement techniques; Comparing 3D body-scanning and anthropometric methods for apparel applications. Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management, 7(3), 306-332, 2003. doi:10.1108/13612020310484852 crossref(new window)

28.
Wang, J.P. and Zhang, W.Y., 2007. An approach to predicting bra cup dart quantity in the 3D virtual environment. International Journal of clothing science and technology, 19(5), 361-373. doi:10.1108/09556220710819546 crossref(new window)

29.
Wood, K., Cameron, M. and Fitzgerald, K., Breast size, bra fit and thoracic pain in young women: a correlational study. Chiropractic & Osteopathy, 16(1), 1-7, 2008. doi:10.1186/1746-1340-16-1 crossref(new window)

30.
Zheng, R., Yu, W. and Fan, J., Development of a new Chinese bra sizing system based on breast anthropometric measurements. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 37, 697-705, 2007. doi:10.1016/j.ergon.2007.05.008 crossref(new window)