JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Understanding the Characteristics of Behavior on Elderly Living in a Smart Home
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Understanding the Characteristics of Behavior on Elderly Living in a Smart Home
Kim, Hyo Chang; Kim, Hyang Sook; Ji, Yong Gu;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Objective: The aim of this study is to find and propose the behavioral characteristic of the elderly at their living space through diary study. Background: Recent development of technology and the emergence of various IT devices is contributing to active research in smart home, services which considers the behavior characteristics of the elderly are still unable to be provided. Method: This study performed self-diary study method with ten households aged over 65 that lived in smart home. Based on these data collected from the diary study, six behavior characteristics of elderly were drawn. Results: The elderly were aware of their cognitive and physical limitations and showed fear. They are difficult to adapt in the state of the art. Their activities to acquire information were limited and were against changes, preferring to maintain the old ways. Conclusion: The result of this study, findings of behavioral characteristics of the elderly reveal that most of them spend their time on personal maintenance, socializing and leisure activities. Therefore, smart home services related to these characteristics should be considered as a top priority. Application: The results of the behavior characteristics can be utilized for planning out future smart home services and thereby contributing to increase in convenience and satisfaction of the elderly.
 Keywords
Smart home;Elderly;Ethnography;Diary study;Activities of daily livings(ADLs);
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Ashworth, J.B., Reuben, D.B. and Benton, L.A., Functional profiles of healthy older persons, Age and Aging, 23(1), 34-39, 1994. crossref(new window)

2.
Baillie, Lynne and David Benyon, Place and technology in the home, Computer Supported Cooperative Work '08, 17, 227-256, 2008.

3.
Bartram, Lyn, Johnny Rodgers and Rob Woodbury, Smart homes or smart occupants? Supporting aware living in the home, Human-Computer Interaction-INTERACT 2011, 52-64, 2011.

4.
Beamish, J. and Johnson, M., Acceptance of Housing Alternatives for the Elderly: Consumer Perspectives, Housing and Society, 21(3), 17-26, 1994. crossref(new window)

5.
Bierhoff, I., Berlo, A., van, Abascal, J., Allen, B., Civit, A., Fellbaum, K., Kemppainen, E., Bitterman, N., Freitas, D. and Kristiansson, K., Smart Home Environment. In: Towards an Inclusive Future: Impact and Wider Potential of Information and Communication Technologies - edited by Patrick R. W. Roe., COST, Brussels., 110-147, 2007.

6.
Bolger, N., Davis, A. and Rafaeli, E., Diary methods: Capturing life as it is lived, Annual Review of Psychology, 54, 579-616, 2003. crossref(new window)

7.
Christoffer Bjorkskog, Human Computer Interaction in Smart Homes, http://www.hiit.fi/-oulasvir/5830711/smarthomes.pdf, 2009.

8.
Elderly statistics, Statistics Korea, http://sgis.kostat.go.kr/publicsmodel, 2013.

9.
Elliot, H., The use of diaries in socialogical research on health experience, Sociological Research Online, 2(2), 1997.

10.
Fermina Rojo Perez, Gloria Fernandez-Mayoralas Fernandez, Enrique Pozo Rivera and Jose Manuel Rojo Abuin, Ageing in Place: Predictors of the Residential Satisfaction of Elderly, Social Indicators Research, 54(2), 173-208, 2001. crossref(new window)

11.
Frank, G., Miskelly, Assistive technology in elderly care, Age and ageing, 30, 455-458, 2001. crossref(new window)

12.
Jeff Axup and Stephen Viller, Exploratory Research Methods for the Extremely Mobile: Supporting Community, Interaction amongst Backpackers, 2006.

13.
Kahneman, Daniel, Alan B Krueger, David A Schkade, Norbert Schwarz and Arthur A Stone, A Survey Method for Characterizing Daily Life Experience: The Day Reconstruction Method, Science, 306(5702), 1776-1780, 2004. crossref(new window)

14.
Kai, I., Ohi, G., Kobayashi, Y., Ishizaki, T., Hisata, M. and Kiuchi, M., Qaulity of life: a possible health index for the elderly. Asia Pac J Public Health, 5(3), 221-227, 1991. crossref(new window)

15.
Kwon, O.J., Lee, Y.M., Ha, H.H., Shin, H.I. and Kim, H.W., Characteristics of Space Usage Patterns by Types of Single or Couple Elderly Households- Focused on an Analysis of Time Use Survey, Journal of the Korean Housing Association, 22(4), 33-41, 2011. crossref(new window)

16.
Lee, H.S., Park, S.J., Jung, H.W. and Lee, M.A., A Study on a Correlation between Senior Lifestyle and Intelligent Home Service, Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea, 27(6), 131-142, 2011.

17.
Palen, L. and Salzman, M., Voice-mail diary studies for naturalistic data capture under mobile conditions, Computer Supported Cooperative Work '02, 87-95, 2002.

18.
Martin Krafft and Kemal Coskun, Design Aspects for Elderly Using Health Smart Home, Bachelor of Software Engineering & Management Thesis, 2009.

19.
Mori, T., Sato, T., Asaki, K., Yoshimoto, Y. and Kishimoto, Y., One-room type sensing system for recognition and accumulation of human behavior, Proceeding of the 2000 IEEE/RSJ International conference on Intelligent Robots Systems, 345-350, 2000.

20.
Nazmiye Balta-Ozkan, Rosemary Davidsonb, Martha Bicketa and Lorraine Whitmarshc, Social barriers to the adoption of smart homes, Energy Policy, 63, 363-374, 2013. crossref(new window)

21.
Neena L. Chappell and Marcus, J., Hollander, Aging in Canada, Oxford University Press, 2013.

22.
Robert W. Fogel, The Relevance of Malthus for the Study of Mortality Today: Long-Run Influences on Health, Mortality, Labor Force Participation, and Population Growth, NBER Historical Working Paper, 231-284, 1994.

23.
Robinson, J.P., Kestnbaum, M., Neustadtl, A. and Alvarez, A., Information technology and functional time displacement, IT and Society, 1(2), 21-37, 2002.

24.
Stringer, Mark, Geraldine Fitzpatrick and Eric Harris, Lessons for the future: Experiences with the installation and use of today's domestic sensors and technologies, Pervasive computing, 383-399, 2006.

25.
William Green, Diane Gyi, Roy Kalawsky and David Atkins, Capturing user requirements for an integrated home environment, Proceedings of the third Nordic conference on Human-computer interaction, 2004.

26.
Yamamoto, H., Inoue, S., Tanaka, S., Noguchi, E., Matsumura, Y., Kometani, T., Fukushima, K., Yoshioka, M., Ohta, K. and Matsuoka, K., Measuring Human behavior for safe and secure life, SCIE Annual Conference in Fukui, 2003.