Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Ergonomic Problems and Their Improving Measures in Office Environment of General Hospitals
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Ergonomic Problems and Their Improving Measures in Office Environment of General Hospitals
Kee, Dohyung;
  PDF(new window)
Objective: The purposes of this study are to investigate ergonomic problems and to propose their improving measures in office environment of big general hospitals. Background: Office tasks have varying risk factors of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs). The first symptom resulted from the office work was recognized as an occupational disease in Korea in 1986. Although the symptoms have increased since its first recognition, there has been few study on the effect of office work environment settings. Method: First, the author took pictures of working scenes performed in three big university hospitals. Next, the pictures were analyzed in view point of ergonomics. Based on the analysis, their improving measures were proposed for reducing work stress. Results: The results showed that most physical office environment settings such as dimensions of tables/desks and chairs, leg room, thigh, knee and foot clearances, and chairs used did not satisfy the ergonomically recommended design guidelines. In addition, some clerks placed personal belongings under their desks, put monitors in high position and did not lean against the backrest of chairs in seated tasks, which resulted in poor working postures of leg, back, neck etc. It is recommended that the hospital management should provide their clerks with ergonomically designed office furniture and continuously perform ergonomics training program for raising clerks` recognition for office ergonomics. Conclusion: Most office environment settings investigated in this study were not in good condition in view point of ergonomic design for the settings. Application: It would be useful as basic data for establishing ergonomically good office environment in hospitals.
Office environment;General hospital;Ergonomic improvement;
 Cited by
병원간호사의 VDT증후군 영향요인,조승희;조규영;

Journal of the Korean Data Analysis Society, 2016. vol.18. 5B, pp.2801-2815
Eastman Kodak Company, Ergonomic design for people at work, John Wiley & Sons, 1983.

Fogleman, M. and lewis, R.J., Factors associated with self-reported musculoskeletal discomfort in video display terminal (VDT) users, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 29, 311-318, 2002. crossref(new window)

Grandjean, E., Hunting, W. and Nishiyama, K., 1984. Preferred VDT workstation settings, body posture and physical impairments, Applied Ergonomics, 15(2), 99-104, 1984. crossref(new window)

Hagberg, M., Electromyographic signs of shoulder muscular fatigue in two elevated arm position, American Journal of Physical Medicine, 60(3), 111-121, 1981.

Kee, D., Chung, M.K. and Kim, J-H., Legal system and its effect for prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 41(3), 224-232, 2011. crossref(new window)

Knave, B.G., Wibom, R.L., Voss, M., Hedstrom, L.D. and Bergqvist, U.O., Work with video display terminals among office employees: I. subjective symptoms and discomfort, Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment and Health, 11(5), 457-466, 1985. crossref(new window)

Korea Industrial Safety Corporation/Korea Labor Welfare Corporation, Countermeasure for health disorders for VDT and simply repeated task worker, Seminar Report of Korea Industrial Safety Corporation/Korea Labor Welfare Corporation, 1996.

Kroemer, K.H.E., Kroemer, H.B. and Kormer-Elbert, K.E., Ergonomics: How to design for ease and efficiency, Prentice Hall, 1994.

Lewis, R.J., Fogleman, M., Deeb, J., Crandall, E. and Agopsowicz, D., Effectiveness of a VDT ergonomics training program, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 27, 119-131, 2001. crossref(new window)

MacLeod, D., The office ergonomics kit, Lewis Publishers, 1999.

Niebel, B. and Freivalds, A., Methods, standards and work design, McGraw-Hill, 1999.

Park, M-Y., Kim, J-Y. and Shin, J-H., Ergonomic design and evaluation of a new VDT workstation chair with keyboard-mouse support, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 26, 537-548, 2000. crossref(new window)

Pheasant, T., Bodyspace: Anthropometry, ergonomics and the design of work, Taylor & Francis, 1990.

Saito, S., Miyao, M., Kondo, T., Sakakibara, H. and Toyoshima, H., Ergonomic evaluation of working posture of VDT operation using personal computer with flat panel display, Industrial Health, 35(2), 264-270, 1997. crossref(new window)

Sanders, M.S. and McCormick, E.J., Human factors in engineering and design, McGraw-Hill, 1987.

Shuval, K. and Donchin, M., Prevalence of upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms and ergonomic risk factors at a Hi-Tech company in Israel, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 35, 569-581, 2005. crossref(new window)

Size Korea Home Page, (retrieved February 10, 2015).

Tougas, G. and Nordin, M.C., 1987. Seat features recommendations for workstations, Applied Ergonomics, 18(3), 207-210, 1987. crossref(new window)

Villanueva, M.B.G., Jonai, H., Sotoyama, M., Hisanaga, N., Takeuchi, Y. and Saito, S., Sitting posture and neck and shoulder muscle activities at different screen height settings of the visual display terminal, Industrial Health, 35(3), 330-336, 1997. crossref(new window)