JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A Study on Factors Affecting Work Ability in Korean Workers
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
A Study on Factors Affecting Work Ability in Korean Workers
Lee, Yujeong; Chang, Seong Rok;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate Korean workers` work ability and to identify its contributing factors. Background: In order for Korea to overcome the phenomena of becoming an aged society, older adults must participate in the workforce to balance out the population; workers` work ability must also be maintained. In addition, influential factors in employees` capabilities and degrees of importance thereof should be identified in advance to maintain work ability. Method: The Work Ability Index (WAI) questionnaire was completed by 5,708 Korean workers. Survey questionnaire consisted items of current work ability, physical and mental demands of the job, numbers of diseases, work impairment due to diseases, sick leaves, work ability in 2 years and mental resources. Results: Results indicated that work ability and length of service increased with age. It was also found that employees in administrative positions had greater work ability than site workers, workers directly managed by a supervisor had greater work ability than workers in cooperative firms, and workers who performed intellectual tasks had greater work ability than workers who performed physical labor. Job stress was additionally observed to contribute towards overall work ability. And musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) were found to negatively affect work ability. Conclusion: The strongest determining factors in the work ability of Korean workers were stress level and mental state. Therefore, when the WAI is used to assess Korean workers, the weighting of WAI items pertaining to physical and mental abilities should be adjusted accordingly to account for these factors. Application: The result is expected to suggest that workers maintain work ability in an aged society.
 Keywords
Work ability;Korean workers;Work ability index (WAI);Musculoskeletal disorders;Stress level;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Alavinia, S.M., van den Berg, T.I.J., van Duivenbooden, C., Elders, L.A.M. and Burdorf, A., "Impact of work-related factors, lifestyle, and work ability on sickness absence among Dutch construction workers", Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, Vol.35, No.5, pp.325-333, 2009. crossref(new window)

2.
Anne, P., Sirpa, L. and Ritva, L., "Functional, postural and perceived balance for predicting the work ability of firefighters", International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Vol.77, No.7, pp.482-490, 2004. crossref(new window)

3.
Bassey, E.J., "Longitudinal changes in selected physical capabilities: muscle strength, flexibility and body size". Age and Ageing, Vol.27, No.3, pp.12-16, 1998. crossref(new window)

4.
Bojana, K., Milan, M., Rajna, G., Ljiljana, B., Andrea, R. and Jadranka, M., "Work-related stress and work ability among Croatian university hospital midwives", Midwifery, Vol.27, No.2, pp.146-153, 2009.

5.
Chumchai, P., Silpasuwan, P., Viwatwongkasem, C. and Wongsuvan, T., "Work Ability Among Truck Drivers in Thailand", International Commission on Occupational Health, 2007.

6.
Duong, K.V., Nguyen, N.N., Ta, Q.B. and Khuc, X., "Primary Study On Work Ability of Vietnamese Workers", International Commission on Occupational Health, 2007.

7.
Eskelinen, L., Kohvakka, A. and Merisalo, T., "Relationship between the self-assessment and clinical assessment of health status and work ability", Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, Vol.17, No.1, pp.40-77, 1991.

8.
Fischer, F.M., Borges, F.N., Rotenberg, L., Latorre, M.R., Soares1, N.S., Rosa1, P.F., Teixeira1, L.R., Nagai1, R., Steluti1, J. and Landsbergis, P., "Work ability of health care shift workers: What matters?", Chronobiology International, Vol.23, No.6, pp.1165-1179, 2006. crossref(new window)

9.
Helena, M., Leena, K., Markku, H., Paivi L.A., Eija, H., Juha, L. and Eira, V.J., "Musculoskeletal pain at multiple sites and its effects on work ability in a general working population", Occupational & Environment Medicine, Vol.67, No.7, pp.449-455, 2010. crossref(new window)

10.
Ilmarinen, J., Tuomi, K. and Seitsamo, J., "New dimensions of work ability", International Congress Series, 1280, pp.3-7, 2005.

11.
Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency (KOSHA), "Guideline for measuring job stressors (KOSHA CODE H-42-2006)", 2006.

12.
KloimuKller, I., Karazman, R. and Geissler, H., Karazman-Morawetz I. and Haupt, H., "The relation of age, work ability index and stress-inducing factors among bus drivers", International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Vol.25, No.5, pp.497-502, 2000. crossref(new window)

13.
Kumashiro, M., Yamamoto, K. and Shirane, K., "WAI and Job Stress, Five Years of Follow-up Research", International Ergonomics Association, 2006.

14.
Martinez, M.C. and Latorre, M.R., "Health and work ability among office workers", Rev Saude Publica, Vol.40, No.5, pp.851-858, 2006. crossref(new window)

15.
Monteiro, M.S., Ilmarinen, J. and Corraa, Filho HR., "Work ability of workers in different age groups in a public health institution in Brazil". International Journal of Occupational Safety Ergonomics, Vol.12, No.4, pp.417-427, 2006. crossref(new window)

16.
NIOSH, Elements of Ergonomics Program, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1997.

17.
Pohjonen, T., "Age-related physical fitness and the predictive values of fitness tests for work ability in home care work", Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol.43, No.8, pp.723-730, 2001. crossref(new window)

18.
Pohjonen, T., "Perceived work ability of home care workers in relation to individual and work-related factors in different age groups", Occupational Medicine, Vol.51, No.3, pp.209-217, 2001. crossref(new window)

19.
Savinainen, M., Nygard, C.H. and Ilmarinen, J., "Workload and physical capacity among ageing municipal employees- 16-year follow-up study", International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Vol.34, No.6, pp.519-533, 2004. crossref(new window)

20.
Sjogren-Ronka, T., Ojanen, M.T. and Leskinen, E.K., "Physical and psychosocial prerequisites of functioning in relation to work ability and general subjective wellbeing among office workers". Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, Vol.28, No.3, pp.184-190, 2002. crossref(new window)

21.
Statistics Korea, Statistics on the Aged, 2012a.

22.
Statistics Korea, Economically Active Population Survey, 2012b.

23.
Tuomi, K., Eskelinen, L. and Toikkanen, J., "Work load and individual factors affecting work ability among aging municipal employees", Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, Vol.17, No.1, pp.128-134, 1991.

24.
Tuomi, K., Ilmarinen, J., Jahkola, A., Katajarinne, L. and Tulkki, A., "Work Ability Index. 2nd ed.", Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki77, 1998.

25.
Tuomi, K., Ilmarinen, J., Martiainen R. and Klockars M. Aging, work, life style and work ability among Finnish municipal workers in 1981-1992, Scand. J. Work Environ. Health, Vol.23, No.1, 58-65, 1997.

26.
Tuomi, K., Vanhala, S., Nykyri, E. and Janhonen, M., "Organizational practices, work demands and the well-being of employees: a follow-up study in the metal industry and retail trade", Occupational Medicine, Vol.54, No.2, pp.115-121, 2004. crossref(new window)

27.
Tuulikki, S.R., Markku, T.O., Esko, K.L., Sirpa, T.M. and Esko, A.M., "Physical and psychosocial prerequisites of functioning in relation to work ability and general subjective well-being among office workers", Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, Vol.28, No.3, pp.184-190, 2002. crossref(new window)