JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Need for Change of Korean Optician(optometrist) System
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
The Need for Change of Korean Optician(optometrist) System
Seo, Jae-Myoung; Kim, Jae-Do; Kim, Heung-Soo; Shim, Hyun-Suk; Kim, Sang-Hyun;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Purpose: In this paper, we have dealt with problems and improvement of korean optician system. Methods: Using the relevant material of korean optician system and international optometrist system, provides the theoretical basis of the need for regulatory changes optician. Results: The people with refractive errors are increasing, 67% of refractive error test is made from optical shop and korean optician are sufficient trained, many opticians are in charge of the refractive error test at the ophthalmic hospital. We have confirmed that current law does not reflect adequately the nature of optician's work. Conclusions: Since current capacity of the Korean opticians and education system ready to provide health services for people, therefore an korean optician must redefine the law to fit the reality.
 Keywords
Optician;Optometrist;Ophthalmologist;Subjective and Objective Refraction;ContactLens;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
우리나라 안경사의 장래 공급에 대한 연구,김흥수;서지근;심현석;김상현;

한국안광학회지, 2016. vol.21. 4, pp.299-306 crossref(new window)
1.
The Study on Future Supply of Optometrists in Korea, Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, 2016, 21, 4, 299  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Comparison of National License Tests between Optometrist and Other Medical Occupational Categories, Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society, 2017, 22, 1, 1  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Korean Optometric Association. The National survey of Eyeglasses and Contactlens 2015. Gallup, 2015.

2.
Seo JK, Shim HS, KIM SH. The Status, Problems and Solutions of Korean Optometrist(Optician). Korean J Vis Sci. 2014;16(3):273-291.

3.
World Council of Optometry. Asia Pacific Schools, http://www.worldoptometry.org/en/schools-of-optometry/asiapacific.cfm (22 October 2015).

4.
National Tax Service. Deductible expenses, 2013. https://www.nts.go.kr/call/year_end/2013/htm2/ye0039.htm (22 October 2015).

5.
Kristin E. Schleiter, JD LLM. Ophthalmologists, Optometrists, and Scope of Practice Concerns. AMA Journal of Ethics. 2010;12(12):941-945.

6.
Kim JD, Lee IK. Understanding of Optometry and the development direction of Korea optometry. Optical Science and Technology. 2008;12(2):47-55.

7.
Korea academy of optometry. Medical Health and Welfare Survey, 2007. http://www.optometry.pe.kr/index.html? main_url=/home/hi_bbs/%3Fcode=sub081%26imode=view %26id=11 (22 October 2015).

8.
Saramin. The recruitment of clinical pathologist, 2015. http://www.saramin.co.kr/zf_user/recruit/recruit-view?location=ts&idx=25410765 (22 October 2015).

9.
Daum Newsis. Ophthalmic optician, 'resignation' suffer from the hospital or clinic, 2007. http://media.daum.net/society/welfare/view.html?cateid=1066&newsid=20070828083309629&p=newsis (22 October 2015).

10.
Senator Jung Hyung Keun. Optician, Ophthalmic hospital examination services'. Parliamentary inspection of the administration of government offices materials. 2007. http://www.opticnews.co.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=7624 (22 October 2015).

11.
LEE WJ. A Study on the Standard of Optician National Licensing Examination by Job Analysis. Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions. 2004;1(1): 37- 50. crossref(new window)

12.
Eom JH et al.: The Study on Job analysis of Korean Optician(2013), National Health Personnel Licensing Examination Board. https://rnd.kuksiwon.or.kr/last/lastList.do (22 October 2015).

13.
Korean Optometric Association. Department of Health and Human Services, Optometrist Licensure Examination Change Subject to change enforcement rules,2011. http://www.optic.or.kr/cate_03/eOpticnews.asp?nmode=view&OnsSeq=433&search_type=3, (22 October 2015).

14.
Shin JC. Improvement of Ophthalmic Optics Curriculum for Competency Development. PhD Thesis. Inje University, Busan. 2010;34:31-35.

15.
Kim DH, Sung AY, Cullen AP. The Importance of Optometric Education in Korea. J Korean Ophthalmic Opt Soc. 2004;9(2):241-249.

16.
Park JH. The Analysis of Curriculum for Optometric Education in Korea. Master Thesis. Eulji University, Sungnam. 2009:60-62.

17.
The Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society. http://www.koos.or.kr/.(22 October 2015).

18.
The Korean Society of Vision Science. www.koptometry.net (22 October 2015).

19.
Korea Health Industry Staticstic Syetem. The Number of Ophthalmologist. http://www.khiss.go.kr/wnsearch/search.jsp. (22 October 2015))

20.
Annual report Membership Statistic Korean Medical Association. KMA, May, 2015.

21.
Rim TH, Woo YJ, Park HJ, Kim SS. Current Status and Future Expectations of Cataract Surgery in Korea. J Korean Ophthalmol Soc. 2014;55(12):1772-1778. crossref(new window)

22.
The Korea Optical New. 2015 local opticians 8975 national survey, 2015. http://www.opticnews.co.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=25629 (22 October 2015).

23.
The Korea Optical New. 2030, comes optometrist shortage of specialized medical personnel, 2015. http://www.opticnews.co.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=24830 (22 October 2015).

24.
Kim DY. Effects of Physics on Development of Optometry in the United States from the Late 19th to the Mid 20th Century. Korean J Med Hist. 2014;23:343-372. crossref(new window)

25.
General Optical Council. UK Health regulators. https://www.optical.org/ (22 October 2015)

26.
Thomas Nosch, Joachim Goerdt. Arbeits und Qualittsrichtlinien fr das Augenoptiker-Handwerk. Zentralverband der Augenoptiker. 2009;BAND1:15-25.

27.
HeilprG $\S$1Abs.2; UWG$\S$4Nr.11. http://www.recht-schreiber. de/mediapool/65/658486/data/Screening_BGH_21_4_2005.pdf (21 December 2015)

28.
http://www.recht-schreiber.de/mediapool/65/658486/data/0705-008-BGH_zieht_Schlussstrich_im_Screening.pdf. http://www.recht-schreiber.de/mediapool/65/658486/data/Screening_BGH_21_4_2005.pdf (21 December 2015)

29.
Zacher H. Der Augenoptiker als Faktor der Brillenversorgung in der Gesetzlichen Krankenversicherung. Verlag R. S. Schulze, 1973;51-53. https://epub.ub.uni-muenchen.de/10205/1/10205.pdf (21 December 2015)

30.
Hans F Zacher, das Urteil des Bundessozialgerichts. Der Augenoptiker als Faktor der Brillenversorgung in der Gesetzlichen Krankenversicherung. Verlag R S Schulz. 1973;(18):33.

31.
Benjamin WJ. Borish's Clinical Refraction, 2nd Ed. Missouri: Butternworth-Heinemann Elsvier, 2006;73.

32.
Kim DY, Lee KJ, Baarg SB, Kim HJ. Comparison of Noncycloplegic Autorefraction, Manifest Refraction and Cycloplegic Autorefraction in School-aged Children. J Korean Ophthalmic Opt Soc. 2010;15(2):123-130.

33.
Joubert L, Harris WF. Excess of autorefraction over subjective refraction: dependence on age. Optom Vis Sci. 1997;74(6):439-444. crossref(new window)

34.
Benjamin WJ. Borish's Clinical Refraction, 2nd Ed. Missouri: Butternworth-Heinemann Elsvier, 2006;710-712, 1591-1618.

35.
Sung PJ. Optometry, 2nd Ed. Seoul: Daihak Seolim, 2004; 421-450.

36.
Kim JD, Lee IH, Hwang JH, Kim JS, Kim TH. An Investigation of Korean Optician's Thinking to Objective Refraction Need. Korean J Vis Sci. 2010;12(4): 247-257.

37.
Kim JD, Mah K, Kim T. Accommodation and Binocular Vision Disorders in Symptoms of Post- Lasik. ARVO. 2009;50(13):561.

38.
Pesudovs K. Autorefraction as an outcome measure of laser in situ keratomileusis. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2004; 30(9):1921-1928. crossref(new window)

39.
Kim JH, Song JS, Hyon JY, Chung SK, Kim TJ. A Survey of Contact Lens-Related Complications in Korea: The Korean Contact Lens Study Society. J Korean Ophthalmol Soc. 2014;55(1):20-31. crossref(new window)

40.
Kim PS, Kim SD, Kim JD, Choi CW. A Survey on Contact Lens Care in Young Adolescent Student. J Korean Ophthalmol Soc. 2014;55(1):54-58. crossref(new window)

41.
Roth HW. Contact Lens Complications, 1st Ed. Stuttgart: Thieme, 2003;191.

42.
Babu Moushad, Yeshwabt Saoji, Premjit Bhakat, Jyothi Thomas. Contactlens compliance among a group of young, university-based lens user in South India. Australasian Medical journal. 2012;5(3):168-174. crossref(new window)

43.
Professor Council of Dept Opthalmic optics. A curriculum of Department of Ophthalmic Optics, 1st Ed. Seoul: DaihakSeolim, 2015.

44.
Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service. A Disease classification code. http://hira.or.kr/re/faq/view.do?divRngCd=17&divRngSeq=1274. (22 October 2015)

45.
Jin YH, Moon NJ, Sung PJ. Refraction and Prescription, 3rd Ed. Naewaehaksul, 2009;59-60.

46.
Demaree J. Private communication with O.D Prof. Eulji University, October, 2014.

47.
Kathleen K, Private communication with Prof. Wolfgang Sickenberger, Ernst-Abbe-Fachhochschule Jena, August, 2014.

48.
BVerwG(Bundes Verwaltungsgericht) I C 73.64, Berlin, 1966. http://www.bdao.de/uploads/media/Bundesverwaltungsgericht-1963_01.pdf (21 December 2015)

49.
Thomas Heimbach. Augenoptik in Zahlen Branchenbericht 2014/15. ZVA gefoerdert durch Bundesministerium fuer Wirtschaft und Energie. 2015;7. http://www.zva.de/system/files_force/ZVA_Branchenbericht_2014_2015.pdf?download=1 (21 December 2015)

50.
Posner RA. Economic Analysis of Law. University of Chicago Law School. 1992.

51.
Yu SH. Health care and management, Kilinwon, 1990; 440-453.

52.
Kim KK. Regulation of Healthcare Profession and Business-Professional Licenses and Regulation of Business. PhD Thesis. Yonsei University, Seoul. 2002;66.

53.
Lee IH, Kim JD, Kim TH, Kim JS. A Study on Validity of Objective Refraction Used by Korean Optician(Optometrists) for Glasses Prescription. Korean J Vis Sci. 2011; 13(1):21-31.

54.
Kim SH, Shim HS, Kim DH. The Problems of Army Supply System for Eyeglasses and Improvement Plan. J Korean Ophthalmic Opt Soc. 2010;15(4):307-312.

55.
Jang YP, Park JS, Kim DY. An investigation on Optometric Eye Test System of the American Forces and Necessity of Military Optometric Specialists in Korea. Korean J Vis Sci. 2009;11(1):65-74.

56.
Kim JJ. The Study on Job creation potential of Foreign Countries. Korea Employment Information Service. 2012.