Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Convergence factors among their physical state, function and activities influencing on the cognition of elderly residents in a community
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Convergence factors among their physical state, function and activities influencing on the cognition of elderly residents in a community
Park, Jin-Kyoung;
  PDF(new window)
A descriptive research is studied to identify the physical factors affecting to cognitive function among elderly residents over 65 years old in a community. The data were collected from 352 participants as part of a health-related survey by home visits in Seoul in 2010-2012. Their cognitive function was measured using the Korean form of Hasegawa Dementia Scale(HDS-K) and the collected data were analyzed by using t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis. From the analysis, the prevalence rate of cognitive impairment was 13.6%. Elderly residents in a community showed different cognition levels by the status of age, change of weight, change of BMI, walking and flexibility exercise. Especially, the lowest cognition level was found in the normal BMI group with decreased BMI change by over 3. The factors influencing on cognition level of the elderly with normal BMI were age, change of weight, change of BMI, and walking exercise. The variance indicated 12.2% as their cognition level. Therefore, for preventing the cognitive impairment of the elderly that were rapidly decreased of BMI, we need the program to manage their nutrition and walking exercise.
The Elderly;Cognition;Change of weight;Change of body mass index;Walking exercise;
 Cited by
Statistics Korea. from 2013.

J. Verghese, C. Wang, R. B. Lipton, R. Holtzer and X. Xue, "Quantitative gait dysfunction and risk of cognitive decline and dementia", Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery &, Psychiatry, Vol. 78, pp. 929-935, 2007. crossref(new window)

Ministry of Health and Welfare. Seoul: Survey of dementia prevalence, 2013.

P. A. Boyle, R. S. Wilson, A. S. Buchman, N. T. Aggarwal, T. Tang, Z. Arvanitakis, J. Kellyae and D. A. Bennettac, "Lower extremity motor function and disability in mild cognitive impairment", Experimental Aging Research, Vol. 33, pp. 355-371, 2007. crossref(new window)

E. J. Kim, "Factors influencing cognitive impairment of the elderly residents", Journal of East-West Nursing Research, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 122-130, 2010.

Y. S. Shim, B. S. Kim, Y. M. Shon, K. S. Kim, B. R. Yoon and D. W. Yang, "Clinical characteristics of demented patients in a geriatric institution: focused on behavioral and psychological symptoms", Korea Dementia Association, Vol. 4, pp. 35-40, 2005.

S. Gao, J. T. Nguyen, C. Hugh, H. C. Hendrie, F. W. Unverzagt, A. Hake, V. Smith-Gamble and K. Hall, "Accelerated weight loss and incident dementia in an elderly African-American cohort", Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol. 59, No. 1, pp. 18-25, 2011. crossref(new window)

J. Benito-Leon, A. J. Mitchell, J. Hernandez-Gallego and F. Bermejo-Pareja, "Obesity and impaired cognitive functioning in the elderly: a population-based cross-sectional study (NEDICES)", European Journal of Neurology, Vol. 20, No. 6, pp. 899-906, 2013. crossref(new window)

D. K. Johnson, C. H. Wilkins and J. C. Morris, " Accelerated weight loss may precede diagnosis in Alzheimer disease", Archieves of Neurology, Vol. 63, No. 9, pp. 1312-1317, 2006. crossref(new window)

S. M. Kim, H. J. Seo and M. R. Sung, "Factors affecting dementia prevalence in people aged 60 or over: A community based cross-sectional study", Jounal of Korean Academy Nursing, Vol. 44, No. 4, pp. 391-397, 2014. crossref(new window)

E. Albanese, C. Taylor, M. Siervo, R. Stewart, M. J. Prince and D. Acosta, "Dementia severity and weight loss: A comparison across eight cohorts. The 10/66 study", Alzheimer's & Dementia, Vol. 9, No. 6, pp. 649-656, 2013. crossref(new window)

Ministry of Health and Welfare. Sejong: A survey on the living status welfare need of elderly's in 2011, 2011.

S. Y. Ahn, "ADL, IADL and Cognition of elders living alone", Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 68-75, 2007.

L. S. Lee and L. S. Jung, "Frailty level and health-related characteristics among participants of a tailored home visiting service", Journal of The korean Geriatrics Society, Vol. 16, pp. 74-83, 2012. crossref(new window)

C. O. Kim, J. W. Lee, J. A. Lim, H. C. Kang, S. B. Lee, S. H. Seo and D. C. Lee, "Gait speed is associated with cognitive function in community dewlling elderly", Korean Journal of Clinical Geriatrics, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 417-25, 2008.

N. T. Lautenschlager and O. P. Almeida, "Physical activity and cognition in old age", Current Opinion in Psychiatry, Vol. 19, pp. 190-193, 2006. crossref(new window)

J. J. Oh, K. Y. Kim and J. I. Kim, "The Development of Community Health Service for the Demented Elderly in Cooperation Between Private Medical Facilities and Public Health Centers", Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing, Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 593-600, 2007.

Ministry of Health and Welfare. Sejong: Guidance of Home visiting in 2012, 2012.

Y. S. Beon, Nutiritional foundations and clinical applications 5th edition, Seoul: Jungdam Media Publication Co, pp. 172-173, 2013.

D. Y. Yang, B. S. Kim, D. S Shim, S. W Jung, G. S. Lee, S. H. Han, S. Y. Kim and S. G. Jung, "Reliability and Validity of the Korean Version of Revised form of Hasegawa Dementia Scale(K-HDS)", Journal of Clinical Neurology, Vol. 22, No. 4, pp. 315-32, 2004. crossref(new window)

National Health Insurance from

K. Y. Kim, D. Y. Lee, S. H. Ahn, J. Y. Joo and Y. N. Gill, "Reliability and validity of the Korean version of Hasegawa Dementia Scale(HDS-K) as a dementia screening instrument", Journal of the Korean Neuropsychiatric Association, Vol. 41, No. 3, pp. 526-537, 2002.

Y. J. Hwang, S. H. Kim, Y. S. Shin, S. H. Kim and W. M. Jeong, "The Comparison of level of cognitive function", Journal of Neurocognitive Rehabilitation, Vol. 5, pp. 10-17, 2013.

R. K. Dishman, H. R. Berthoud, F. W. Booth, C. W. Cortman, V. R. Edgerton, M. R. Fleshner, S. C. Gandevia, F. Gomez-Pinilla, B. N. Greenwood, C. H. Hillman, A. F. Kramer, B. E. Levin, T. H. Moran, A. Russo-Neustadt, J. D. Salamone, J. D. Van Hoomissen, C. E. Wade, D. York and M. J. Zigmond, "Neurobiology of exercise", Obesty, Vol. 14, pp. 345-356, 2006. crossref(new window)

N. S. Kim, "Effect of recreational exercise on cognition, depression, dynamic balance and leg strength in elderly women", The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 373-380, 2010.

B. H. Lee, J. S. Park and N. R. Kim, "The effect of physical activity program on cognitive function, physical performance, gait, quality of life and depression in the elderly with dementia", Journal of Special Education & Rehabilitation Science, Vol. 50, No. 2, pp. 307-328, 2011.