Convergence Study on the Relation between Cognition, Depression and Aggression in the Elderly

Title & Authors
Convergence Study on the Relation between Cognition, Depression and Aggression in the Elderly
Kwon, Myoung-Jin;

Abstract
This study was carried out to determine the relation between cognition, depression and aggression in the elderly. A questionnaire survey was conducted with 198 elderly people in K region. The results were as follows. (1) The cognition of the elderly showed significant difference by gender, age, religion, marital status, education, living together, healthcare and monthly income (p<.05), and depression showed significant difference by gender and monthly income (p<.05). (2) Cognition and aggression(r=.15, p=.030), depression and aggression(r=.39, p<.001) there was a significant correlation between. Physical aggression and verbal aggression proved most significant correlation among the sub-factors(r=.55, p<.001). (3) Depression ($\small{{\beta}=0.568}$, p<.001) had an significant influence on aggression. The explanation power was shown to be 10.0%. Accordingly, aggression management programs that are tailored according to the depression level of the elderly are required, and nursing based on this consideration would be of help to improve their quality of life.
Keywords
Elderly;Cognition;Depression;Aggression;Convergence;
Language
Korean
Cited by
1.
The Effect of home education convergence program on arm functions, occupational performance, quality of life, and depression in mastectomy patients with arm function impairment, Journal of Digital Convergence, 2016, 14, 9, 515
2.
Impact of Depression and Family Relationship on Problem Drinking among Older Adults, Journal of Digital Convergence, 2016, 14, 4, 11
3.
Development and Effects of Laughter therapy program in Geriatric successful aging and Stress in Elderly, Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, 2016, 7, 4, 199
4.
Life Experiences and Prospects of Welfare/Poverty Exit of the Poor with Work Ability: Mixed Methodology using Sequential Exploratory Design, Journal of Digital Convergence, 2016, 14, 9, 19
5.
The Effect of Convergence Tailed Occupational Therapy Activities Program on Mental Stability and Social Participation in Elderly People with Mild Cognitive Impairment, Journal of Digital Convergence, 2016, 14, 4, 449
6.
The Effect of Internet Usage, Fandom Activities and Sense of Community on Adolescents' Mental Health in the Digital Era, Journal of Digital Convergence, 2016, 14, 9, 349
7.
Influence of the number of remaining teeth of on sleep time and stress of adults older than 40 years, Journal of Digital Convergence, 2016, 14, 7, 225
8.
The relationships among the physical competence, subjective health status, and health promoting behavior of elderly participating in health activity program, Journal of Digital Convergence, 2016, 14, 12, 571
9.
A study on the Relationship among Depression, Walking and Quality of Life for the Elderly -Focusing on the Moderation Effects of Walking-, Journal of Digital Convergence, 2016, 14, 8, 515
10.
Study on the Sex Recognition of Male Elderly, Journal of Digital Convergence, 2016, 14, 5, 433
11.
Predicting Success of Government Policy in the Future with Futures Wheel and Text Mining : Predicting the Future Policy of Wage Peak System, Journal of Digital Convergence, 2016, 14, 12, 141
12.
Analysis of Convergent Influence of Positive Emotion, Negative Emotion and Job Seeking Stress on Depression among College Women of Health Affiliated Educations, Journal of Digital Convergence, 2016, 14, 3, 269
13.
The relationship between masticatory ability and the quality of life oral health- related using OHIP-14 of the elderly, Journal of Digital Convergence, 2016, 14, 9, 341
14.
The Convergent Influence of Knowledge, Attitudes toward Caring for the Elderly and Geriatric Nursing Practice in Nursing Students, Journal of Digital Convergence, 2016, 14, 4, 303
15.
Relating Factors on Depressive Symptoms among the Elderlies in Urban Areas, Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 2016, 17, 5, 506
16.
The Relationships between Stress and ADL in Elderly Living Alone, Journal of Digital Convergence, 2016, 14, 7, 251
17.
The Effect of Psychological Characteristics of Elderly Consumer on Health Functional Food Purchase Intention, Journal of Digital Convergence, 2016, 14, 2, 73
18.
The Effects of Familism and Sense of intimacy to Older parents on Filial Responsibility of Korean Women, Journal of Digital Convergence, 2016, 14, 5, 501
19.
The Relationship between the Adaptation Resilience, Self-esteem and Depression of Female Seniors Participating in Pilates, Journal of Digital Convergence, 2016, 14, 9, 537
References
1.
J. S. .Sim, "Correlation Study of the Style of Anger Expression, depression, and Family Support on the Quality of the Life of the Elderly", Master's dissertation. Kyung Hee University. 2008.

2.
K. H.. Choi, "Arger im Alter und Beratung", Korean Journal of Christian Counseling, Vol. 11, pp. 169-190, 2006.

3.
W. S. Chang, "The Effects of the Group Forgiveness Program on Anger, Anxiety and Depression for Female Elders", Journal of the Korean Gerontological Society, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 109-126, 2010.

4.
Y. R. Park, M. S. Yoo, & Y. J. Son, "The Relationship between Trait Anger, Life Style and Physical Symptoms in Elderly People", J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 72-82, 2007.

5.
S. Y. Lee & J. S. Lee, "The Effects on Aromatherapy and Foot Reflex Massage on the Cognition, Anxiety, Aggressive Behavior and Wandering Behavior of Elderly with Dementia", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 11, No. 12, pp. 495-505, 2013.

6.
S. Y.Lee, "The Effect of Lavender Aromatherapy on Cognitive Function, Emotion, and Aggressive Behavior of Elderly with Demenita", Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 303-312, 2005.

7.
T. Hester, S. Ron, & W. Gerben., "Resident to resident relation aggression and subjective well-being in assisted living facilities. Aging & Mental Health, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 59-67, 2011.

8.
M. H. Jung, "A study on the Influence of Elderly's Health Factors to Suicidal Ideation - Focused on the Mediating Effects of Coping Behaviors", Korea Journal of Care Management, Vol. 11, pp. 47-76, 2014.

9.
M.. A. Lee, "The Effects of Social Quality on Suicide Ideation of Korean Elderly", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 271-281, 2015.

10.
D. B. Kim, J. S. Min, G. H. Jung, "Effect of Relational Aggression on Depression of Nursing Home Residents -Focusing on Low-income Elderly", Vol. 43, No. 1, pp. 203-227, 2012.

11.
I. S .Lee, J. H. Kim, "A Study on Elderly Residents' Violence Experienced by Female Volunteer Workers in Retirement Living Facilities", Korean Journal of Family Welfare, Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 55-84, 2012.

12.
M. G., Folstein, S. E. Folstein, & P. R. Mchugh, "Mini-mental state: A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician, Journal Psychiatry, Vol. 18, pp. 180-191, 1975.

13.
J. H. Park, & Y. C. Kwon, "Part I : Development of the Test for the Elderly = Korean Version of Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-K)". Journal of the Korean Neuropsychiatric Association, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 125-135, 1989.

14.
J. W. Han, T. H. Kim, J. H. Jhoo, J. H. Park, J. L. Kim, & S. H. Ryu, "A Normative Study of the Mini-Mental State Examination for Dementia Screening (MMSE-DS) and Its Short form(SMMSE-DS) in the Korean Elderly", Journal of Korean geriatric psychiatry, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 27-37, 2010.

15.
A. T. Beck, "Depression: Clinical, experimental and theoretical aspects". New York: Harper & Row, 1967.

16.
M. K. Lee, Y. H. Lee, H. Y. Jung, J. H. Choi, S. H. Kim, Y. G. Kim, & S. K. Lee, "Validity = A Standardization Study of Beck Depression Inventory 2-Korean Version (K-BDI)", The Korean Journal of Psychopathology, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 96-104, 1995.

17.
A. H. Buss, M. Perry, "The Aggression Questionnaier", J Pers Soc Psychol. Vol. 63, pp. 452-459, 1992.

18.
S. G. Seo, S. M. Kwon, "Validation Study of the Korean Version of the Aggression Questionnaire", Korean J Clin Psychol, Vol. 21, pp. 487-501, 2002.

19.
M. H. Jang, & J. S. Won, "Association of Anger Expression, Social Support, Self-Esteem, and Depression in Elderly", Journal of Korean Academic Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 259-268, 2009.

20.
T.W. Smith, K. Glazer, J. M. Ruiz, & L. C. Gallo, "hostility, anger, aggressiveness, and coronary heart disease: An interpersonal perspective on personality, emotion, and health", J Per, Vol. 72, No. 6, pp. 1217-1270, 2004.

21.
H. S.Park, & H. Y. Koo, "A study of anger and health status in middle aged women", Journal of Korean Academic Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 245-256, 2004.

22.
Y. O. Kim, M. S. Shim, "Cognitive Functions, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, Depression and Quality of Life in the Elderly with Mild Cognitive Impairment", Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 219-230.

23.
H. S. Yoon, E. M. Lee, Y. C. Cho, "Depression Symptoms and its Related Factors among the Elderly People Affiliated with Long-term Care Insurance Services in Urban Areas", Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 2674-2683, 2015.

24.
J. C. Barefoot, J. C. Beckham, T. L. Haney, I. C. Siegler, I. M. Lipkus, "Age differences in Hostility among Middle-aged and older adults", Psychology, and aging, Vol. 8, pp. 3-9, 1993.

25.
J. C. Barefoot, B. L. Peterson, W. G. Dahlstrom, I. C. Siegler, N. B. Anderson, R. B. Williams, "Hostility patterns and health implications: Correlates of Cook-Medley Hostility scale scores in a national survey", Health Psychology, Vol. 10, pp. 18-24, 1991.

26.
M. I. Han, "Atypical Antipsychotics for Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms in Alzheimer's Dementia", Journal of Korean Geriatirc Psychiatry, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 1-6, 2015.