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Medical Education and Certification of Physicians in North Korea
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  • Journal title : Korean Medical Education Review
  • Volume 18, Issue 1,  2016, pp.16-20
  • Publisher : 연세대학교 의과대학 의학교육학과
  • DOI : 10.17496/kmer.2016.18.1.16
 Title & Authors
Medical Education and Certification of Physicians in North Korea
Lee, Yoon Seong;
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Although the state of medicine in North Korea is of great interest, there is little information, if any, about the present state of medicine in North Korea. Even North Korea`s laws and regulations on medicine are not publicly available. It is plausible that the dictator`s commands or the policy of the Communist Party may be superior to the nation`s constitution and laws on medical education and much more. Information is only available from a limited number of publications and mainly from the statements of refugees, which differ greatly among themselves. No one refugee could provide authoritative data or information because they were never in the position to see the larger picture or have experience over the long term. However, what is known is that the major health professions in North Korea include physicians (medical doctors), stomatologists (oral doctors), `Koryo` doctors (doctors of Korean traditional medicine), midwives, and nurses. The names and the founding year of each of the regular medical schools are listed along with the change and restoration of names of schools. It is known that there have been quasi-physicians and semi-physicians. However, the reasons for any changes that have taken place also remain unknown. The educational system, curriculum, and even the number of years of training needed to qualify to become a physician have varied from time to time.
Health personnel;Medical education;Certification;Democratic People`s Republic of Korea;
 Cited by
North Korean refugee doctors' preliminary examination scores, Korean Journal of Medical Education, 2016, 28, 4, 373  crossref(new windwow)
Lee, Y. S., Hwang, S. I., & Kim, Y. H. (2011). A Study to prepare guideline for the certification of medical doctors from DPRK. Seoul: Research Institute for Healthcare Policy.

Park, J. H., Kim, O. J., & Hwang, S. I. (2003). Medical education of North Korea. Seoul: Seoul National University Press, 2003.

Park, S. M., Kang, S. H., Yoon, S. J., Park, Y. S., Lee, G. H., & Pyo, S. R. (2011). North Korean doctors in South Korea: Professional readjustment and resettlement assistance program. Seoul: Institute for Peace and Unification Studies Seoul National University.

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