JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Bedside Education Will Be More Important than Now in the Age of Artificial Intelligence
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Korean Medical Education Review
  • Volume 18, Issue 2,  2016, pp.58-64
  • Publisher : 연세대학교 의과대학 의학교육학과
  • DOI : 10.17496/kmer.2016.18.2.58
 Title & Authors
Bedside Education Will Be More Important than Now in the Age of Artificial Intelligence
Yeh, Byung-Il;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The birth of the scientific revolution, brought forth by Vesalius and Copernicus in 1543, marked the beginning of a new age. However, the changes such as treatment effectiveness, survival rate, prevalence of specific diseases, etc. had not yet become clear during the 16th century. In the early 17th century, Boerhaave emphasized bedside teaching and practice. His attitude influenced numerous students and educators, so many medical students visited hospital wards where he worked. From the late 18th to 19th centuries, Jenner`s smallpox vaccination, Pasteur`s anthrax and rabies vaccinations, and Koch`s four postulates used to detect pathogens were developed using the scientific research method, which initiated big changes for medicine. Flexner, credited for reporting the new medical education system, adopted scientific medicine. He believed medical students must study basic medical science since it could be the foundation of clinical medicine and lead to a revolution in the field. He proposed a new medical curriculum composed of two-years of basic medicine and two-years of clinical medicine, which has been used more than 100 years. During the late 20th century, bedside teaching rounds decreased gradually as scientific medicine has become popular. Many medical educators in many articles have proposed bedside education as an effective method for medical learning. Despite the advent of the age of artificial intelligence and the changing of medical environments in the near future, bedside education will be more useful and important for medical students, educators, and patients as it is a traditional method and essential for patients who desire a more personal approach.
 Keywords
Bedside education;Bedside teaching;Artificial intelligence;Paradigm shift;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Ackerknecht, E. H. (1979). Geschichte der Medizin (J. Hur, Trans.). Seoul: Minyoungsa.

2.
Carlos, W. G., Kritek, P. A., Clay, A. S., Luks, A. M., & Thomson, C. C. (2016). Teaching at the bedside: Maximal impact in minimal time. Ann Am Thorac Soc, 13(4), 545-548.

3.
Chapman, R., Wynter, L., Burgess, A., & Mellis, C. (2014). Can we improve the delivery of bedside teaching? Clin Teach, 11(6), 467-471. crossref(new window)

4.
Dewji, R., Dewji, A., & Gnanappiragasam, D. (2014). Back to basics: Tackling the challenges to bedside teaching. Adv Med Educ Pract, 6, 17-18.

5.
Digby, A. (1997). The patient's view. In I. Loudon (Eds.), Western medicine: An illustrated history (pp. 297). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

6.
Domagk, G. (2016, May 31). Nobel foundation homepage. Retrieved from http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1939/index.html

7.
Flexner, A. (2015). Medical education in the United States and Canada: A report to the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. New York, NY: Sagwan Press.

8.
Golub, E. S. (1994). The limits of medicine: How science shapes our hope for the cure (B. I. Yeh, Trans.). Seoul: Momgwamaeum.

9.
Jouanna, J. (1992). Hippocrates: Medicine and culture (M. B. DeBevoise, Trans.). Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

10.
Jung. S. S., & Kim, S. Y. (2011). Experience of bedside teaching during clerkship in pulmonary medicine for improving clinical performance. Korean J Med Educ, 23(1), 41-47. crossref(new window)

11.
K Ahmed, M. B. (2002). What is happening to bedside clinical teaching? Med Educ, 36(12), 1185-1188. crossref(new window)

12.
Khan, I. A. (2014). Bedside teaching-making it an effective instructional tool. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 26(3), 286-289.

13.
Kim, Y. J. & Lim, C. I. (2014). Characteristics and limitations of bedside teaching instructional models. Korean Med Educ Rev, 16(1), 25-31. crossref(new window)

14.
Koehler, U., Hildebrandt, O., Koehler, J., & Nell, C. (2014). The pioneer of bedside teaching: Herman Boerhaave (1668-1738). Dtsch Med Wochenschr, 139(51-52), 2655-2659. crossref(new window)

15.
Kuhn, T. (2012). The structure of scientific revolutions: 50th anniversary edition (4th ed.). Chicago, IL: University Of Chicago Press.

16.
Lichstein, P. R. (2015). Returning to the bedside: Notes from a clinical educator. N C Med J, 76(3), 174-179.

17.
Lloyd, G. E. R. (1974). Early Greek science: Thales to Aristotle (ancient culture and society) (new ed.). New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company.

18.
Longrigg, J. (1997). Medicine in the classical world. In I. Loudon (Eds.), Western medicine: An illustrated history (pp. 27-34). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

19.
Moore, J. (2008). What Sir Luke Fildes’ 1887 painting The Doctor can teach us about the practice of medicine today. Br J Gen Pract, 58(548), 210-213. crossref(new window)

20.
Peters, M., & Ten Cate, O. (2014). Bedside teaching in medical education: A literature review. Perspect Med Educ, 3(2), 76-88. crossref(new window)

21.
Ramirez, J., Singh, J., & Williams, A. A. (2016). Patient satisfaction with bedside teaching rounds compared with nonbedside rounds. South Med J, 109(2), 112-115. crossref(new window)

22.
Siegrist, H. R. (1970). The great doctor, a biographical history of medicine (J. E. Kim, Trans.). Seoul: Hyunin.

23.
Stolberg, M. (2014). Bedside teaching and the acquisition of practical skills in mid-sixteenth-century Padua. J Hist Med Allied Sci, 69(4), 633-661. crossref(new window)

24.
Stanford Medicine. (2016, May 31). Stanford Medicine 25: Promoting the culture of bedside medicine. Retrieved from http://stanfordmedicine25.stanford.edu

25.
Stone, M. J. (1995). The wisdom of Sir William Osler. Am J Cardiol, 75(4), 269-276. crossref(new window)

26.
Thibault, G. E. (1997). Bedside rounds revisited. N Engl J Med, 336(16), 1174-1175. crossref(new window)

27.
Verghese, A. (2016, May 31). Abraham Verghese: Doctor's touch: TED Global 2011. Retrieved from https://www.ted.com/talks/abraham_verghese_a_doctor_s_touch?language=ko

28.
Waksman, S. A. (2016, May 31). Nobel foundation homepage. Retrieved from http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1952/index.html

29.
Williams, K. N., Ramani, S., Frase, B., & Orlander, J. D. (2008). Improving bedside teaching: Findings from a focus group study of learners. Acad Med, 83(3), 257-264. crossref(new window)

30.
Wilson, D. (1976). In search of penicillin. New York, NY: Knopf.

31.
Wilson, S. (1997). Tate Gallery: An illustrated companion. London: Tate Gallery Publishing.

32.
Wright, T. (2012). William Harvey: A life in circulation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

33.
Yang, E., Suh, D. J., Lee, Y., Lee, S., Kim, S., Lee, E., ... Ahn, D. (2007). Status of clerkship education and its evaluation in Korean medical schools. Korean J Med Educ, 19(2), 111-121. crossref(new window)

34.
Yeh, B. I. (2015). Medical humanities for healing. Seoul: Hankukmunhaksa.