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F0 as a primary cue for signaling word-initial stops of Seoul Korean
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  • Journal title : Phonetics and Speech Sciences
  • Volume 8, Issue 1,  2016, pp.25-36
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Speech Sciences
  • DOI : 10.13064/KSSS.2016.8.1.025
 Title & Authors
F0 as a primary cue for signaling word-initial stops of Seoul Korean
Byun, Hi-Gyung;
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Previous studies showed that the voice onset time (VOT) of aspirated and lenis stops has been merged, and post-stop fundamental frequency (F0) has emerged as a primary cue to distinguish the two stops in the younger generation and female speech. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that VOT merger in aspirated and lenis stops occurs after an F0 difference between the two stops becomes stabilized. In other words, unless post-stop F0, which is a redundant feature, is fully developed, it is hard for VOT merger to happen. Females have got a stable F0 difference in stops earlier than males. Therefore, VOT merger could happen, and as a result, females could take the lead in changing from VOT to F0 in initial stops. This study also shows that speakers who acquired F0 as a primary cue use F0 to the full to distinguish lenis stops from two other stops (aspirated and fortis).
Seoul Korean stops;primary cue;redundant feature;F0 development;VOT merger;
 Cited by
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