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Speech perception difficulties and their associated cognitive functions in older adults
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  • Journal title : Phonetics and Speech Sciences
  • Volume 8, Issue 1,  2016, pp.63-69
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Speech Sciences
  • DOI : 10.13064/KSSS.2016.8.1.063
 Title & Authors
Speech perception difficulties and their associated cognitive functions in older adults
Lee, Soo Jung; Kim, HyangHee;
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 Abstract
The aims of the present study are two-fold: 1) to explore differences on speech perception between younger and older adults according to noise conditions; and 2) to investigate which cognitive domains are correlated with speech perception. Data were acquired from 15 younger adults and 15 older adults. Sentence recognition test was conducted in four noise conditions(i.e., in-quiet, +5 dB SNR, 0 dB SNR, -5 dB SNR). All participants completed auditory and cognitive assessment. Upon controlling for hearing thresholds, the older group revealed significantly poorer performance compared to the younger adults only under the high noise condition at -5 dB SNR. For older group, performance on Seoul Verbal Learning Test(immediate recall) was significantly correlated with speech perception performance, upon controlling for hearing thresholds. In older adults, working memory and verbal short-term memory are the best predictors of speech-in-noise perception. The current study suggests that consideration of cognitive function for older adults in speech perception assessment is necessary due to its adverse effect on speech perception under background noise.
 Keywords
speech perception;SNR;working memory;verbal short-term memory;older adults;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
Effect of Keyword Position on Sentence Recognition under Background Noise in Mild Cognitive Impairment, Communication Sciences & Disorders, 2016, 21, 3, 515  crossref(new windwow)
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