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Effects of auditory and visual presentation on phonemic awareness in 5- to 6- year-old children
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  • Journal title : Phonetics and Speech Sciences
  • Volume 8, Issue 1,  2016, pp.71-80
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Speech Sciences
  • DOI : 10.13064/KSSS.2016.8.1.071
 Title & Authors
Effects of auditory and visual presentation on phonemic awareness in 5- to 6- year-old children
Kim, Myung-Heon; Ha, Ji-Wan;
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The phonemic awareness tasks (phonemic synthesis, phonemic elision, phonemic segmentation) by auditory presentation and visual presentation were conducted to 40 children who are 5 and 6 years old. The scores and error types in the sub-tasks by two presentations were compared to each other. Also, the correlation between the performances of phonemic awareness sub-tasks in two presentation conditions were examined. As a result, 6-year-old group showed significantly higher phonemic awareness scores than 5-year-old group. Both group showed significantly higher scores in visual presentation than auditory presentation. While the performance under the visual presentation was significantly lower especially in the segmentation than the other two tasks, there was no significant difference among sub-tasks under the auditory presentation. 5-year-old group showed significantly more `no response` errors than 6-year-old group and 6-year-old group showed significantly more `phoneme substitution` and `phoneme omission` errors than 5-year-old group. Significantly more `phoneme omission` errors were observed in the segmentation than the elision task, and significantly more `phoneme addition` errors were observed in elision than the synthesis task. Lastly, there are positive correlations in auditory and visual synthesis tasks, auditory and visual elision tasks, and auditory and visual segmentation tasks. Summarizing the results, children tend to depend on orthographic knowledge when acquiring the initial phonemic awareness. Therefore, the result of this research would support the position that the orthographic knowledge affects the improvement of phonemic awareness.
Phonemic awareness;orthographic knowledge;auditory presentation;visual presentation;
 Cited by
5~6세 아동의 철자표상이 말소리분절 과제 수행에 미치는 영향,맹현수;하지완;

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