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Timing of Diapause Induction and Number of Generations of Helicoverpa armigera (Hüber) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Suwon, Korea
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 Title & Authors
Timing of Diapause Induction and Number of Generations of Helicoverpa armigera (Hüber) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Suwon, Korea
Jung, Jin Kyo; Seo, Bo Yoon; Park, Chang-Gyu; Ahn, Seung-Joon; Kim, Ju Il; Cho, Jum Rae;
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We investigated the induction of pupal diapause and number of generation for H. armigera using outdoor rearing and sex pheromone trapping in Suwon, Korea. Over-wintering pupae were induced when neonate larvae were reared in the outdoors from late Aug. to early Oct. in 2013 and 2014. H. armigera adults emerged from late May to early Jun. for 2013 colonies and from late May to late Jun. for 2014 colonies. The colonies placed after mid September produced only diapause pupae, to show environmental conditions that day-lengths on the rearing start date were 11 h 49 min~12 h 24 min, and mean temperatures before pupation were . Summer diapause was not observed in all colonies. The peak occurrence of H. armigera adults from sex pheromone trap in Suwon and Hwaseong were pooled and showed four generations (1st: from late Apr. to mid Jun., 2nd: from mid Jun. to late Jul., 3rd: from mid Jul. to late Aug., 4th: from late Aug. to mid Oct.). A degree-day model for development of H. armigera developed by Mironidis and Savopoulou-Soultani (2008) was used to validate the number of generation from field observations using pheromone traps. The 3rd and over-wintering generations were mainly overlapped. It was decided that H. armigera has one over-wintering and three complete generations in a year, and diapause is induced from offsprings of the 3rd and 4th generations adults. It is expected that larvae of the 1st and 2nd generations give a damage to ear zone in maize fields in which have been planted during April.
Helicoverpa armigera;Diapause induction;Sex pheromone trap;Adult occurrence;Generation;
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