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Development of an Efficient In Vitro Screening Method for Selection of Resistant Lily Cultivars Against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lilii
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 Title & Authors
Development of an Efficient In Vitro Screening Method for Selection of Resistant Lily Cultivars Against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lilii
Jang, Ji-Young; Moon, Ki-Beom; Ha, Jang-Ho; Park, Ji-Sun; Kim, Mi-Jin; Jeon, Jae-Heung; Lee, Geung-Joo; Kim, Hyun-Soon;
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 Abstract
The soilborne fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lilii (Fol) is a serious threat to all lily cultivars, especially infecting bulbs and flowers. It has become increasingly important to develop varieties resistant against the bulb rot disease. Genetic diversity of cultivars and reliable screening methods are required for this purpose. Here, an efficient in vitro screening system for evaluating resistance to Fol in 38 in vitro-grown lily plants was investigated. Various factors including culture conditions of Fol, inoculum density, appropriate plant materials, inoculation method and duration, and incubation period of plant materials after inoculation were combined to optimize the screening method. As a result, we suggest optimal conditions for an in vitro screening system for the selection of Fol-resistant lily cultivars as follows. Fol was grown on potato dextrose agar (PDA) medium for 6 days at in darkness and used as working inoculation. Spore suspensions were prepared (inoculum density: ), and then leaf segments were inoculated by dipping for 22 hours at in dark. Later, leaves were cultured on 0.6% agar plates at and 50% humidity with a photoperiod of 16 hours light/8 hours dark (fluence rate of ) to examine the progress of bulb rot. After 7 days, disease levels were classified into indices 1 (no symptom) to 6 (serious bulb rot). Soil inoculation of Fol carried out with resistant or susceptible lily cultivars that had been selected through in vitro screening confirmed the reproducibility of results. Therefore, the in vitro screening method established in this study is efficient and reliable for selection of lily cultivars resistant against bulb rot disease.
 Keywords
bulb rot;disease index;disease resistance;Lillium spp.;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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