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Changes of Ginsenosides and Color from Black Ginsengs Prepared by Steaming-Drying Cycles
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 Title & Authors
Changes of Ginsenosides and Color from Black Ginsengs Prepared by Steaming-Drying Cycles
Nam, Ki-Yeul; Lee, Nu-Ri; Moon, Byung-Doo; Song, Gyu-Yong; Shin, Ho-Sang; Choi, Jae-Eul;
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This study was conducted to investigate changes in composition of ginsenosides and color of processed ginsengs prepared by different steaming-drying times. Processed ginsengs were prepared from white ginseng with skin by 9-time repeated steaming at for 3 hours and followed by hot air-drying at for 24 hours. As the times of steaming processes increased, lightness (L value) decreased and redness (a value) increased in color of ginseng powders. Crude saponin contents and ginsenosides compositions in processed ginsengs prepared by different steaming-drying times were investigated using the HPLC method, respecively. Crude saponin contents according to increasing steaming-drying times decreased in some degree. In the case of major ginsenosides, the contents of , , Rc, Rd, Rf, Re, , Re were decreased with increase in steamimg times, but those of , , were increased after especially 3 times of steaming processes. Interestingly, in black ginseng were prepared by 9 times steaming processes, the content of ginsenoside was 8.20 mg/g, approximately 18 times higher than that (0.46 mg/g) in red ginseng. In addition, the ratio of the protopanaxadiol group and protopanaxatiol group (PD/PT) were increased from 1.9 to 8.4 due to increasing times of steamming process.
Ginseng;Black ginseng;Ginsenosides;;Steaming Times;Ginseng Color;
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