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Comparative Analysis on Concentration and Synthetic Amount of Water Soluble and Water Insoluble Carbohydrates with Different Plant Tissues, Growth Stages and Years Old of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer
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 Title & Authors
Comparative Analysis on Concentration and Synthetic Amount of Water Soluble and Water Insoluble Carbohydrates with Different Plant Tissues, Growth Stages and Years Old of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer
Park, Seong Yong; Ahn, Bok Ju; Ahn, Hee Jung; Lee, Gyeong A; Heo, Su Jeong; Jeong, Haet Nim; Song, Beom Heon;
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 Abstract
This study was carried out to have the basic and applied informations relating to develop the cultivation methods and to increase the productivity and quality of ginseng. 1 to 6 year old ginsengs of Jakyung cultivar were cultivated and the content and synthetic amount of carbohydrates were investigated with different plant tissues, growth stages, and years old. The concentration of total carbohydrates at six year old ginseng including water soluble and water insoluble carbohydrates was about 18.9%, 42.9%, and 43,6% in leaves, tap roots, and lateral roots, respectively. Water soluble carbohydrate of tap and lateral roots was slightly decreased from August until September, and then increased on November, whereas its water insoluble carbohydrate was increased from August to September and then decreased on November. Comparing with the content of carbohydrates of 1 to 6 year old ginsengs, it was continuously increased from one year old ginseng until five year old ginseng, however it was not increased much in six year old ginseng. The highest content of carbohydrates was at five year-old in all tissues of ginseng. Water soluble and water insoluble carbohydrates were significantly shown different in leaves, stems, tap roots, and lateral root at different growth stages and with different years old. The content of water soluble carbohydrate in the leaves was remarkedly higher compared to that of water insoluble carbohydrate, while in the root the content of water insoluble carbohydrate was clearly higher compared to the water soluble carbohydrate. Comparing with the synthetic amount of carbohydrates, water soluble carbohydrates was higher in the shoot than that in the root, whereas water-insoluble carbohydrates higher in the root than that in the shoot. Carbohydrates which would be utilized in ginseng tissues for short and long-term periods as major energy were appeared differently in between shoot and root, with different growth stages, and years old.
 Keywords
Ginseng;Water Soluble Carbohydrates;Water Insoluble Carbohydrates;Shoot and Root;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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