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Antibacterial and Nitric Oxide Production Inhibitory Activities of Prunus sargentii Branches Extract and Its Fractions against Pathogens of Acne
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 Title & Authors
Antibacterial and Nitric Oxide Production Inhibitory Activities of Prunus sargentii Branches Extract and Its Fractions against Pathogens of Acne
Yang, Sun A; Pyo, Byoung Sik; Kim, Sun Min;
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Background: In this study, we investigated the antibacterial and nitric oxide (NO) production inhibitory activities of 75% ethanol extract of Prunus sargentii branches and its fractions against acne pathogens. Methods and Results: The antibacterial activity against acne causing pathogens was determined using the disc diffusion assay. The ethyl acetate fraction showed higher activities against Propionibacterium acnes, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis than those shown by other fractions. In the DPPH radical and NO scavenging assays, the butanol fraction showed strong DPPH radical and NO scavenging abilities. These activities were related to the total polyphenol and flavonoid contents of butanol fraction. On the other hand, the chloroform and ethyl acetate fractions exhibited the highest NO production inhibitory activity in Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated Raw 264.7 cells compared to those exhibited by other fractions. Conclusions: The extract and its ethyl acetate fraction from the branches of P. sargentii exhibited antibacterial activity and could be used as functional materials in antimicrobial related fields. Moreover, the chloroform and ethyl acetate fractions are potential antiinflammatory agents and butanol fraction acts as an effective radical scavenger.
Prunus sargentii;Acne;Antibacterial Activity;Antioxidative Activity;Anti-Inflammatory;
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