Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Evaluation of Lower Extremity Muscles in Combat shoes Custom Foot Orthotics
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
The Evaluation of Lower Extremity Muscles in Combat shoes Custom Foot Orthotics
Suh, Sung-Hyeok; Kim, Ro-Bin; Cho, Young-Jae;
  PDF(new window)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of customized foot orthotics on lower extremity muscle activity and fatigue during march in combat boots. Four volunteers with normal foot and five volunteers with excessive pronation foot among soldiers on service were fitted with foot orthotics. The electromyography signal from activity of low extremity muscles were collected with surface electromyography device during walking on the treadmill. The walk on the treadmill was performed with a speed of 4.5 km/h. The experiment design for reseach wes composed two experimentation. The first experiment was to examine the muscle activity of lower extremity between normal foot and excessive pronator foot during march. The second experiment was to examine the muscle activity of lower extremity between wearing orthotics and no wearing orthotics. These data were analyzed by the averaged integral EMG and the mean power frequency. The analyzed results were compared by independent T-test method and paired T-test method of SPSS(windows version 12.0). The result of the study were the muscle activity on pronator foot tend to increase during march but a statistically significant increase in muscle fatigue of vastus lateralis and fibularis longus. A statistically significant decrease in muscle activity of anterior tibialis and fibularis longus and fatigue occurred using the customized foot orthotics in volunteers with excessive pronation foot compared to volunteers with normal foot. Clinically, the application of orthotics for the soldiers with excessive pronation foot appears to delay muscle fatigue and prevent from variable foot injuries. This may contribute to enhancing fighting efficiency.
 Cited by
강성웅, 김성원, 나영무(1995). 슬관절 등속성 운동검사에서 변형 고정대에 의해 유발되는 지간 상호작용이 근력에 미치는 영향. 대한재활의학회지, 19, 455-461.

곽창수(1993). 운동화 중저의 경도가 주행 시 발바닥의 압력 분포와 충격 흡수에 미치는 영향. 서울대학교 대학원 박사학위 논문

김로빈(2006). 달리기 동호인들의 상해예방을 위한 맞춤형 발 보장구의 평가연구. 한국운동역학학회지, 16, 1, 19-30. crossref(new window)

김승재(2006). 보행시 과도한 회내와 관련된 발질환을 위한 맞춤형 발보조기의 교정적 기능. 한국운동역학회지, 16, 65-79. crossref(new window)

김승재, Darren Stefanyshyn, 김로빈(2005). 평지와 오르막경사의 트레드밀 걷기와 달리기 동안 발보장구가 발바닥근막염과 관련된 발아치 스트레인에 미치는 영향. 한국운동역학회지, 15, 155-176. crossref(new window)

남기석, 이영희, 이충휘, 조상현(1999). 근전도 스펙트럼 분석을 이용한 만성 요통 환자의 유부근육과 복부근육의 피로도 분석. 한국전문물리치료학회, 6, 16-31.

류지선(2001). 오래 달리기 시 피로가 생체역학적 요인에 미치는 영향. 한국체육학회지, 40, 1011-1025.

문곤성(2004). 보행 속도 변화에 따른 하지의 운동역학적 분석과 근활동의 근전도 분석. 연세대학교 박사학위 논문

박두균, 김의수, 임충희, 서성혁(1991). 인체 에너지 대사의 분석을 통한 효율적인 군 행군 속도에 관한 연구. 체육연구소논집, 12, 71-79.

범대진(2002). 체육측정에서 처치효과를 위한 effect size에 대한 연구. 한국사회체육학회지, 18, 1131-1138.

이세용(2002). 오소틱의 착용과 하지의 장시간 부하가 족저근막염의 상해 요인에 미치는 영향. 박사학위논문, 연세대학교.

윤두식, 김택훈, 신헌석, 노정석(2005). 발목관절 각도와 등척성 수축방향이 반대측 근육 피로도에 미치는 영향. 한국전문물리치료학회지, 12, 3, 46-55.

최지영, 김우엽(2001). 주행 시 군화종류에 따른 운동역학적 특성비교. 한국체육학회, 40, 987-1000.

Bahlsen, A. (1988). The etiology of running injuries; a longitudinal, prospective study, PhD. thesis, University of Calgary, Calgary.

Blake, R.L., & Denton, J.A.(1985). Functional foot orthoses for Athietic injuries: A retrospective study. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, 75, 359-362. crossref(new window)

Bordenlon, R.L.(1989). Orthotic, Shoes, and Brace. Orthopedic Clinics of North America, 20, 751-757.

Broody, D.M.(1980). Running injuries. Clincal Symposia, 32, 2-36.

Bruggemann, G.P., Arndt, A. (1994). Fatigue and lower extrmity function. Proceedings of 8th Biennial Conference of the Canadian Society of Biomechanics, 316-317.

Burr, D.B., Milgrom, C., Fyhrie, D., Forwood, M., Nyska, M., Finestone, A., Hoshw, S., Saiag, E., Simkin, A., (1996). In vivo measurment of human tibial strains dvigorous activity. Bone, 18, 405-410. crossref(new window)

Cohen, J.(1988). Statical power analysis for the behaviural science. (3rd ed). New York : Academic press

Cram, J.R., Kasman, G.S., & Holtz, J.(1988). Introduction to Surface Electromyography. Gaithersburg. An Aspen Pub.

Charles M., Radeva, D.R.(2007). The effect of muscle fatique on in vivotibial strains. Journal of Biomechanics, 40, 845-850. crossref(new window)

De Luca C.J.(1984). Myoelectrical manifestations of localized muscular fatigue in humans. Crit Rev Biomed Eng, 11, 251-279.

Elliot, B., Ackland, T.,(1981). Biomechanical effect of fatigue on 10,000 meter running technique. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sports, 52, 160-166. crossref(new window)

Gross, M.L., & Napoli, R.C.(1993). Treatment of lower extremity injuries with orthotic shoe insert. Sports Medicine, 15, 66-70. crossref(new window)

Irrgang, j.j., Whitney S.L., Cox, E.D. (1994). Balance and proprioception for rehabilitaion of the lower extremity. Journal of sports rehabilitation, 3, 68-83.

Kaye, R.A., & Jahss, M.H.(1991). Tibialis posterior: a review of anatomy and biomechanics in relation to support of the medial longitudinal arch. Foot & Ankle, 11, 244-247. crossref(new window)

Kitaoka, H.B., Luo, Z., An, K. (1998). Three-dimensional analysis of flatfoot deformity. Foot and Ankle, 19, 7, 447-451. crossref(new window)

Lundin, T.M., Feuerbach J.W., Grabiner M.D. (1993). Effect of plantar flexor and dorsiflexor fatigue on unilateral postural control. Journal of applied Biomechanics, 9, 191-201.

Magee, D.J.(2002). Othopaedic Physical Assessment. 4th Edition, Elsevier Sciences, USA:Saunders.

Mann, R.A. (1982). Biomechanics of running. In R. P. Mack : The Foot and Leg in Running, 1-29.

Mckenzie, D.C.(1987). The role of shoe and orthotics. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 23, 30-38. crossref(new window)

Milgrom, C. (2001). The role of strain and strain rates in stress fractures. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 119-129.

Mizrahi, J., Verbitsky, O., Isakov, E.(2000c). Fatigue-related loading imbalance on the shank in running. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 28, 463-469. crossref(new window)

Mundermann, A., Nigg, B.M., Stefanyshyn, D.J.(2003). Orthotic comfort is related to kinematic, kinetic, and EMG in recreational runners. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 1710-1719.

Nachbauer, W., & Nigg, B.M.(1992). Effects of arch height and arch flattening of the foot on ground reaction forces in running. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 24, 1264-1269.

Nawoczenski, D.A., & Ludewig, P.M.(1999). Electromyographic effects of foot orthotics on selected lower extrmity muscle during running. Arch Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 80, 540-544. crossref(new window)

Nigg, B.M., Nurse, M.A., & Stefanyshyn, D.J.(1999). Shoe inserts and orthotics for soprts and physical activities. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 31, 421-428. crossref(new window)

Scheuffelen C, Rapp, W., Gollhofer, A., Lohrer, H. (1993). Orthotic devices in functional treatment of ankle sprain: stabilizing effects during real movement. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 14, 140-149. crossref(new window)

Sterzing, T.F., Hennig, E.M.(1999). Measurement of plantar pressure, rearfoot motion and tibial shock during running 10km on a 400m track, 99 ISB footwear conference.

Shiba N., Kitaoka H.B., Cahalan, P.T.(1995). Shock-absorbring effect of shoe insert materials commanly used in management of lower extremity disorders. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 310, 130-136.

Tropp, H., Ekstrand, J., Gillquist, J. (1984). Stabilometry in functional instability of the ankle and its value in predicting injury. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 16, 64-66.

Yoshikawa, T., Mori, S., Santiesteban, A.J., Sun, T.C., Burr, D.B.(1994). The effect of muscle fatique on bone strain. Journal of Experimental Biology, 188, 217-233.