Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Loaded Warm-up Jumps on the Following Performance of Vertical Jump
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Loaded Warm-up Jumps on the Following Performance of Vertical Jump
Kim, Hyun-Goun; Kim, Young-Kwan; Cho, Hang Nan;
  PDF(new window)
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of loaded vertical jumps on the following vertical jumps and to find how long the transient effect of warm-ups would continue. Methods : Twelve healthy college male students, majoring in physical education, participated in this study voluntarily. They performed three sets of unloaded jumps (pre-jump, 5% post jump, and 10% post jump) and two sets of loaded jumps (5% and 10% loaded jumps) according to the counter-balanced order. At each set, three trials of maximal vertical jumps were performed by a 30 second interval between trials and a 3 minute break after warm-up jumps. Force platform and motion capturing system were used to record motions and ground reaction force. Results : Only 5% post-warm-up jumps () showed significant increase in the jump height compared with pre-warm-up jumps (). The transient effects of loaded warm-ups disappeared 4 minutes after loaded jumps. Conclusion : Conclusively, a decent amount of loading (around 5% extra of body weight) during sport specific warm-ups would give a positive, transient effect on the performance of the vertical jump.
Vertical jump;loaded warm-up;post-activation potentiation;
 Cited by
Astrand, P. O. (1960). Aerobic work capacity in men and women with special reference to age. Acta Physiologic Scandinavica, 49(169), 1-92. crossref(new window)

Bishop, D. (2003). Warm up II: performance changes following active warm up and how to structure the warm up. Sports Medicine, 33(7), 483-498. crossref(new window)

Bobbert, M. F., & van Ingen Schenau, G. J. (1988). Coordination in vertical jumping. Journal of Biomechanics, 21(3), 249-262. crossref(new window)

Bosco, C., Luhtanen, P., & Komi, P. V. (1983). A simple method for measurement of mechanical power in jumping. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 50, 273-282. crossref(new window)

Bucher, C. A. (1975). Effect of four week deep water run training on running performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 29, 694-699.

Burkett, L. N., Phillips, W. T., & Ziuraitis, J. (2005). The best warm-up for the vertical jump in college-age athletic men. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(3), 673-676.

Chon, J. G. (1997). The effects of weighted rope skipping training on the physiological factors. Journal of Korean Society of Sports Science, 6(1), 1-11.

Cilli, M., Gelen, E., Yildiz, S., Saglam, T., & Camur M. H. (2015). Acute effects of a resisted dynamic warm-up protocol on jumping performance. Biology of Sport, 31, 277-282.

Driss, T., Vandewalle, H. Y., Quievre, J., Miller, C., & Monod, H. (2001). Effects of external loading on power output in a squat jump on a force platform: A comparison between strength and power athletes and sedentary individuals. Journal of Sports Sciences, 19, 99-105. crossref(new window)

Donti, O., Tsolakis, C., & Bogdanis, G. C. (2014). Effects of baseline levels of flexibility and vertical jump ability on performance following different volumes of static stretching and potentiating exercises in elite gymnastis. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 13, 105-113.

Hedrick, A. (1992). Physiological responses to warm-up. Journal of National Strength and Conditioning Association, 14(5), 25-27. crossref(new window)

Jang, M. J. (1997). Sport Medical Science. Seoul; Daehan Media Publishing Company.

Janssen, I., Sheppard, J. M., Dingley, A. A., Chapman, D. W., & Spratford, W. (2012). Lower extremity kinematics and kinetics when landing from unloaded and loaded jumps. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 28(6), 687-693. crossref(new window)

Kim, T. Y., Choi, M. S., Huh, J. H., & Ahn, K. H. (1999). Effects of respiratory variables of recovery on warm-up intensity levels in supramaximal exercise. Journal of Korea Athletic Science Meeting, 8(1), 493-501.

Kim, Y. K. (2013). The effect of different warm-up procedures on bat speed in baseball. Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics, 23(2), 91-97. crossref(new window)

Koh, Y. C., Kim, K. H., Hwang, S. W., Kim, C. Y., Cho, S. W., & Cho, J. H. (2013). Effects of warm-up on landing strategy during drop-landing. Journal of Sport and Leisure Studies, 51, 759-766.

Kim, W. H., Kim, K. H., & Kim, D. Y. (2004). The effects of warming up and cooling down in swimming on lactate density in blood and heart rate. Korea Sport Research, 15(1), 1157-1168.

Lee, S. D., Ko, W. J., & Yoo, S. H. (2010). The effect of warm-up on exercise injuries in soccer club members. Korean Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, 6(1), 99-108.

Lim, H. Y. (2013). An Effect of Self Initiated Basic Fitness Exercise and Preparation and Finishing Exercise of Female University Students Majoring in Dance upon the Prevention of Dance Injury. Unpublished Master's Thesis. Kyung Hee University.

Nosaka, K., Sakamoto, K., Newton, M., & Sacco, P. (2004). Influence of pre-exercise muscle temperature on responses to eccentric exercise. Journal of Athletic Training, 39(2), 132-137.

Otsuji, T., Abe, M., & Kinoshita, H. (2002). After-effects of using a weighted bat on subsequent swing velocity and batters' perceptions of swing velocity and heaviness. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 94, 119-126. crossref(new window)

Park, S. J., & Sun, W. S. (1997). Fitness Q and A. Seoul; Hongkyung Publishing Company.

Reiman, M. P., Peintner, A. M., Boehner, A. L., Cameron, C. N., Murphy, J. R., & Carter, J. W. (2010). Effects of dynamic warm-up with and without a weighted vest on lower extremity power performance of high school male athletes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24(12), 3387-3395. crossref(new window)

Sale, D. G. (2002). Postactivation potnetiation: Role in human performance. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 30, 138-143. crossref(new window)

Sale, D. G. (2004). Postactivation potentiation: Role in performance. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 38, 386-387. crossref(new window)

Shellock, F. G., & Prentice, W. E. (1985). Warming-up and stretching for improved physical performance and prevention of sport-related injuries. Sports Medicine Journal, 2(4), 267-278. crossref(new window)

Sim, Y. M. (1984). The Theory of the Training and Actuality. Seoul;Dongsuh Publishing Company.

Son, S. G., Kim, M. A., & Kim, Y. B. (1997). The Sport, Exercise, and Sports Preparing 21st Century. Seoul; HongKyung Publishing Company.

Thompsen, A. G., Kackley, T., Palumbo, M. A., & Faigenbaum, A. D. (2007). Acute effects of different warm-up protocols with and without a weighted vest on jumping performance in athletic women. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21(1), 52-56. crossref(new window)

Tillin, N. A., & Bishop, D. (2009). Factors modulating post-activation potentiation and its effects on performance of subsequent activities. Sports Medicine, 39, 147-166. crossref(new window)

Zakas, A., Grammatikopoulou, M. G., Zakas, N., Zahariadis, P., & Vamvakoudis, E. (2006). The effect or active warm-up and stretching on the flexibility of adolescent soccer player. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 46(1), 57-61.