Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Age-related Changes in Multi-finger Synergy during Constant Force Production with and without Additional Mechanical Constraint
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Age-related Changes in Multi-finger Synergy during Constant Force Production with and without Additional Mechanical Constraint
Park, Yang Sun; Kwon, Hyun Joon; Koh, Kyung; Shim, Jae Kun;
  PDF(new window)
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate age-related changes of multi-finger synergy during a constant force production task with and without an additional mechanical constraint. Method: Fourteen elderly subjects (age: , height: , weight: ) and 14 young subjects (age: , height: , weight: ) participated in this study. The subjects were asked to place their index and middle fingers on two force transducers fixed on a small non-moving teeterboard and produce 10 N by pressing the sensors while watching force feedback on a computer screen under the no additional constraint condition (NAC). The subjects also performed the same task with an additional mechanical constraint (AC) where the subjects were asked to balance a teeterboard that could be rotated by finger forces. An uncontrolled manifold approach was used to calculate within-trial and between-trial multi-finger synergy indices, variance in uncontrolled subspace (), and variance in subspace orthogonal to UCM subspace (). Two-way repeated measured ANOVA was performed with the within-factor of task condition (with and without an additional constraint) and the between factor of groups (elderly and young). Results: The elderly group showed significantly increased within-trial in AC compared with NAC (p < .05) while the young group showed no significant difference between AC and NAC. There was no significant group difference for within-trial . Between-trial remained unchanged between groups and conditions. However, between-trial for the elderly group significantly decreased in AC as compared to NAC, along with no significant difference for the young group. For multi-finger synergy, there was no significant group difference of within-trial synergy. However, between-trial synergy for the elderly group significantly decreased in AC as compared to NAC (p < .05). Conclusion: Our results indicate that aging decreased consistency (i.e., ability to perform the task on a moment-to-moment basis) with an additional mechanical constraint. In addition, aging was associated with decreased multi-finger synergy on a trial-to-trial basis.
Finger;Synergy;Uncontrolled manifold;Aging;
 Cited by
Ambike, S., Mattos, D., Zatsiorsky, V. & Latash, M. (2016). Synergies in the space of control variables within the equilibrium-point hypothesis. Neuroscience, 315, 150-161. crossref(new window)

Bernstein, N. A. (1967). The co-ordination and regulation of movements.

Enoka, R. M., Christou, E. A., Hunter, S. K., Kornatz, K. W., Semmler, J. G., Taylor, A. M. & Tracy, B. L. (2003). Mechanisms that contribute to differences in motor performance between young and old adults. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 13(1), 1-12. crossref(new window)

Gelfand, I. M. & Latash, M. L. (1998). On the problem of adequate language in motor control. Motor Control, 2(4), 306-313. crossref(new window)

Grabiner, M. D. & Enoka, R. M. (1995). Changes in movement capabilities with aging. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 23(1), 65-104.

Hooke, A. W., Karol, S., Park, J., Kim, Y. H. & Shim, J. K. (2012). Handwriting: three-dimensional kinetic synergies in circle drawing movements. Motor Control, 16(3), 329-352. crossref(new window)

Karol, S., Kim, Y.-S., Huang, J., Kim, Y. H., Koh, K., Yoon, B. C. & Shim, J. K. (2011). Multi-finger pressing synergies change with the level of extra degrees of freedom. Experimental Brain Research, 208(3), 359-367. crossref(new window)

Koh, K., Kwon, H. J., Yoon, B. C., Cho, Y., Shin, J. H., Hahn, J. O.,. . . & Shim, J. K. (2015). The role of tactile sensation in online and offline hierarchical control of multi-finger force synergy. Exp Brain Res, 233(9), 2539-2548. doi: 10.1007/s00221-015-4325-6 crossref(new window)

Larsson, L. & Ansved, T. (1995). Effects of ageing on the motor unit. Progress in Neurobiology, 45(5), 397-458. crossref(new window)

Latash, M. L., Scholz, J. F., Danion, F. & Schoner, G. (2002). Finger coordination during discrete and oscillatory force production tasks. Experimental Brain Research, 146(4), 419-432. crossref(new window)

Latash, M. L., Scholz, J. P. & Schoner, G. (2007). Toward a new theory of motor synergies. MOTOR CONTROL-CHAMPAIGN-, 11(3), 276. crossref(new window)

Latash, M. L. & Zatsiorsky, V. M. (2009). Multi-finger prehension: control of a redundant mechanical system Progress in Motor Control (pp. 597-618): Springer.

Olafsdottir, H., Zhang, W., Zatsiorsky, V. M. & Latash, M. L. (2007). Agerelated changes in multifinger synergies in accurate moment of force production tasks. Journal of Applied Physiology, 102(4), 1490-1501.

Park, J., Singh, T., Zatsiorsky, V. M. & Latash, M. L. (2012). Optimality versus variability: effect of fatigue in multi-finger redundant tasks. Experimental Brain Research, 216(4), 591-607. crossref(new window)

Park, J., Sun, Y., Zatsiorsky, V. M. & Latash, M. L. (2011). Age-related changes in optimality and motor variability: an example of multifinger redundant tasks. Experimental Brain Research, 212(1), 1-18. crossref(new window)

Ranganathan, V. K., Siemionow, V., Sahgal, V. & Yue, G. H. (2001). Effects of aging on hand function. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 49(11), 1478-1484. crossref(new window)

Scholz, J. P., Kang, N., Patterson, D. & Latash, M. L. (2003). Uncontrolled manifold analysis of single trials during multi-finger force production by persons with and without Down syndrome. Experimental Brain Research, 153(1), 45-58. crossref(new window)

Scholz, J. P. & Schoner, G. (1999). The uncontrolled manifold concept: identifying control variables for a functional task. Experimental Brain Research, 126(3), 289-306. crossref(new window)

Shim, J. K., Lay, B. S., Zatsiorsky, V. M. & Latash, M. L. (2004). Age-related changes in finger coordination in static prehension tasks. Journal of Applied Physiology, 97(1), 213-224. crossref(new window)

Shim, J. K., Park, J., Kim, M. J. & KIm, S. J. (2011). Motor Variability and Synergy Research through Uncontrolled Manifold Analysis. Journal of Korean Society of Sports Psycology, 22(4), 127-142.

Shinohara, M., Scholz, J. P., Zatsiorsky, V. M. & Latash, M. L. (2004). Finger interaction during accurate multi-finger force production tasks in young and elderly persons. Experimental Brain Research, 156(3), 282-292. crossref(new window)

Tuller, B., Turvey, M. & Fitch, H. L. (1982). The Bernstein perspective: II. The concept of muscle linkage or coordinative structure. Human Motor Behavior: An Introduction, 253-270.

Turvey, M. T., Shaw, R. E. & Mace, W. (1978). Issues in the theory of action: Degrees of freedom, coordinative structures and coalitions. Attention and Performance VII, 557-595.

Voelcker-Rehage, C., Stronge, A. J. & Alberts, J. L. (2006). Age-related differences in working memory and force control under dual-task conditions. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 13(3-4), 366-384. crossref(new window)