JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Development of Multi-Array Electrode and Programmable Multi-channel Electrical Stimulator for Firing Trigger Point of Myofascial Pain Syndrome
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Development of Multi-Array Electrode and Programmable Multi-channel Electrical Stimulator for Firing Trigger Point of Myofascial Pain Syndrome
Kim, SooHong; Kim, SooSung; Jeon, GyeRok;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
In this study, Multi-Array Electrodes (MAE) and Programmable Multi-channel Electrical Stimulator (PMES) were implemented for firing Trigger Points (TPs) of the patient with Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS). MAE has 25 Ag/AgCl electrodes arranged in the form of array () fabricated with flexible pad, which are applicable to be easy-attached to curved specific region of the human body. PMES consisted of 25 channels. Each channel was to generate various electric stimulus patterns (ESPs) by changing the mono-phasic or bi-phasic of ESP, On/Off duration of ESP, the interval between ESP, and amplitude of ESP. PMES hardware was composed of Host PC, Stimulation Pattern Editing Program (SPEP), and Multi-channel Electrical Stimulator (MES). Experiments were performed using MAE and PMES as the following. First experiment was performed to evaluate the function for each channel of Sub- Micro Controller Unit (SMCU) in MES. Second experiment was conducted on whether ESP applied from each channel of SMCU in PMES was focused to the electrode set to the ground, after applying ESP being output from each channel of SMCU in PMES to MAE.
 Keywords
programmable;stimulator;trigger point;multi-array;multi-channel;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Harden R. Norman, Bruehl Stephen P., Gass Suzanne B.A., Niemiec Claudia B.S., Barbick Brian B.S, "Signs and Symptoms of the Myofascial Pain Syndrome: A National Survey of Pain Management Providers," The Clinical Journal of Pain, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 64-72, 2000. crossref(new window)

2.
Cole B.E., "Pain Management : Classifying, understanding and treating pain," Hospital Physician : vol. 37, no. 11, pp. 23-30, 2002.

3.
S. A. Anerson, G. Hanssone, E. Holmgren & O. Renberg, "Evaluation Of The Pain Suppressive Effect Of Different Freouencies Of Peripheral Electrical Stimulation In Chronic Pain Conditions," Acta orthop. scand. vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 149- 157, 1976. crossref(new window)

4.
Kim SB, Yoon KS, Kwak H, Ha NJ, Lee YE, "Effects of low and high frequency needle transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on pain threshold in normal adults," J. Korean Acad Rehab Med, vol. 23, no 3, pp. 636-642, 1999.

5.
S.H. Woo, K.W. Yoon, J.H. Lee, H.J. Park, C.H. Won, J.H. Cho, "Design and Implementation of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation System for the Integration with Mobile Phone," Journal of korea Multimedia Society, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 360-368, 2006.

6.
Geddes L.A., "The first stimulators - reviewing th e history of electrical stimulation and the devices crucial to its development," IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, vol. 13 no. 4, pp. 532-542, 1994.

7.
Burkhard Hornig, Volker Maier, Helmut Drexler, "Physical training improves endothelial function in patients with chronic heart failure," Circulation, vol. 93, pp. 210-214, 1996. crossref(new window)

8.
Ji Won Kim, Min Young Kwang, Gwang Moon Eom, "Muscle Force Potentiation During Constant Electrical Stimulation- Dependence on Pulse-Amplitude and Pulse Duration of Electrical Stimulation," Trans. KIEE., vol. 55D, no.10, pp. 458-463, 2006.

9.
Daniel R. Merrilla, Marom Bikson, JohnG.R. Jefferys, "Electrical stimulation of excitable tissue : design of efcacious and safe protocols," Journal of Neuro science Methods, vol. 141, no 2, pp. 171-198, 2005. crossref(new window)

10.
Olle Ljungqvist, Gunilla Hedenborg, Stefan H Jacobson, Lars-Eric Lins, Kickan Samuelson, Bo TedneP & Ulla-Britt Zetterholm, "Whole body impedance measurements reflect total body water changes. A study in hemodialysis patients," International Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 163-169, 1990. crossref(new window)