JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Body Mass Index, Anthropometric Factors, and Food and Nutrient Intakes of Korean Middle-Aged Males by Year : Based on 2001~2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Body Mass Index, Anthropometric Factors, and Food and Nutrient Intakes of Korean Middle-Aged Males by Year : Based on 2001~2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)
Choi, Soon-Nam; Jho, Kwang-Hyun; Chung, Nam-Yong;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study investigated anthropometric and biochemical characteristics, food and nutrient intakes, and changes in body mass index (BMI) of Korean middle age men (40~49 yrs). Data on BMI, anthropometric (height, weight, waist circumference, body mass index, blood pressure), and biochemical (total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglyceride, hemoglobin, GOT, GPT) characteristics, food and nutrients intakes, nutrient density, and index of nutrient quality were obtained from the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES, 2001, 2005, 2011). Subjects were divided into three groups by year. Weight, BMI, and hemoglobin increased significantly by year. All anthropometric factors except height showed a positive relation with BMI by year. Consumption of barley, chinese noodle, confections, soybean milk, egg, ice cream, pizza, fried foods, banana, coffee, and raw rice wine increased significantly by year. Intake ratios of nutrients except water and fiber were over 100% of KDRI generally. INQ according to intakes of protein, calcium, phosphorus, iron, vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, and niacin per 1,000 kcal increased significantly by year. Distribution of BMI status of subjects showed a significant difference by exercise. The findings of the present study show that BMI of subjects increased by year, and intakes of all nutrients except calcium and riboflavin showed aspects of overnutrition by year. Intakes of fruits decreased while intakes of raw rice wine and coffee increased by year. Therefore, practical and systematic nutrition programs are required to maintain optimum BMI and appropriate intakes of nutrients to maintain a desirable lifestyle and improve dietary life.
 Keywords
KNHANES;body mass index;anthropometric factors;biochemical factors;nutrients intake;food intake;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Anton SD, Duncan GE, Limacher MC, Martin AD, Perri MG (2011): How much walking is needed to improve cardiorespiratory fitness? An examination of the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. Res Q Exerc Sport 82(2):365-370 crossref(new window)

2.
Bae YJ (2014): Evaluation of nutrient and food intake status, and dietary quality in Korean adults according to nutrition label utilization: based on 2010-2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. J Nutr Health 47(3):193-205 crossref(new window)

3.
Choi SY (2009): Relation of green tea or coffee consumption on serum lipid profiles. Masters degree thesis. Ewha Womans University. pp.18-30

4.
Chung JY, Lee MY, Kim MJ (2010): A study on the prevalence of chronic deseases, health-related habits and nutrients intakes according to the quality of life in Korean adults. Korean J Community Nutr 15(4):445-459

5.
Dan L, Anthony F, Dennis K, Stephen H, Jameson J, Joseph L (2011): Harrison's principles of internal medicine. 18th ed. McGraw-Hill, Maidenhead. pp.1407-1408

6.
Ervin RB (2009): Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among adults 20 years of age and over, by sex, age, race and ethnicity, and body mass index: United States, 2003-2006. Natl Health Stat Report 13:1-8

7.
Gregg EW, Gerzoff RB, Caspersen CJ, Williamson DF, Narayan KM (2003): Relationship of walking to mortality among US adults with diabetes. Arch Intern Med 163(12):1440-1447 crossref(new window)

8.
Ishikawa-Takata K, Ohta T, Moritaki K, Gotou T, Inoue S (2002): Obesity, weight change and risks for hypertension, diabetes and hypercholesterolemia in Japanese men. Eur J Clin Nutr 56(7):601-607 crossref(new window)

9.
Jeon SM, Kim SM (2005): A study on indices, food habits and nutrient intakes in patients with hypertension. J East Asian Soc Dietary Life 15(3):271-282

10.
Kim DI (2015): Relationships between walking, body mass index, and risk factors of metabolic syndrome among Korean adults: data from the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010-2012). Korean J Obes 24(2):108-115 crossref(new window)

11.
Kim GB, Lee ZH, Lee SK (2006): The relation between BMI and exercise based on the health survey of one hospital. Med J Chosun Univ 31(3):102-108

12.
Kim SA, Choi JK, Park CK, Choi KM, Cho BL (2013): Body mass index and bodyshape. Korean J Obes 22(3):155-160 crossref(new window)

13.
Kim SH, Yook TH, Song BY (2009): The study on the factors which are related to body mass index in male. J Korean Acupunc Moxibus Soc 26(3):93-101

14.
Kim Y (2013): The specific food consumption pattern and blood lipid profiles of Korean adults. J Korean Diet Assoc 19(2):124-139 crossref(new window)

15.
Kim YH, Ou SW, Kim YS, Chun JH, Yang YJ, Yoon YS, Lee ES (2005): The factors affecting the fat distribution in the abdomen of obese women. Korean J Obes 14(1):39-46

16.
Kim YY, Lee IH, Lee IS, Choue RW (2008): Effect of 8 weeks of low calorie diet on body composition and blood parameters in the people with BMI greater than 23 $kg/m^2$. J East Asian Soc Dietary Life 18(5):725-731

17.
Ko EH (2011): Correlations between BMI and food intake frequencies for Korean adults and aged people: using the data reported on survey on national healthand nutrition the fourth period the first year (2007). Masters degree thesis. Jeju National University. pp.10-28

18.
Lee HK, Park YS, Kim HS, Beak SS, Ji HS (2011a): One university staff member's life styles, body mass indices, lipid profiles and plasma glucose levels. J Korean Biol Nurs Sci 13(3):298-306

19.
Lee JE (2006): Classification of dietary patterns of Korean adult population and their association with nutrient intakes and risk of chronic degenerative disease. Doctors degree thesis. Chung Ang University. pp.123-150

20.
Lee JH, Kim JE, Paek YM, Chang YK, Sung SH, Park IK, Park YK, Choi TI (2008): A evaluation study on plasma lipid profiles and diet quality of normal andover weight/obese workers. Korean J Health Promot Dis Prev 8(3):178-185

21.
Lee JW, Lee MS, Kim JH, Son SM, Lee BS (2011b): Nutrition assessment. Kyomoon Publishers. Co. Paju. pp.89

22.
Lee SH, Cho YC (2011): Evaluation of obesity from BMI and body fat rate, and its association with coronary risk factors in health checkup examinees. J Korea Acad Indus Coop Soc 12(2):746-752

23.
Lim HJ (2010): A study on the physical activity, food habit and nutrient intakes of adults in Pusan. Korean J Community Nutr 15(4):460-474

24.
Marsh SA, Coombes JS (2005): Exercise and the endothelial cell. Int J Cardiol 99(2):165-169 crossref(new window)

25.
Paik HY, Kim CI, Moon HK, Yoon JS, Joung HJ, Shim JE, Jung HJ (2008): 2008 Dietary goals and dietary guidelines for Korean adults. Korean J Nutr 41(8):887-899

26.
Park JH (2011): Measuring BMI cutoff points of Korean adults using morbidity of BMI-related diseases. Korean J Obes 20(1):36-43 crossref(new window)

27.
Park KO, Seo JY (2014): Gender differences in factors influencing the Framingham risk score-coronary heart disease. J Korean Acad Community Heal Nur 25(4):248-258 crossref(new window)

28.
Park KR, Cho YC (2010): The abnormal rates of blood pressures and blood biochemical properties with BMI in health chech up examinees. J Korea Acad Indus Coop Soc 11(12):4843-4853

29.
Park YH (2013): Relations of lifestyle factors to body mass index of office workers. Doctors degree thesis. Sungkyunkwan University. pp.20-35

30.
The Korean Nutrition Society (2010): Dietary reference intakes for Koreans. The Korean Nutrition Society. Seoul. pp. xxv-xxix

31.
World Health Organization (2000): The Asia-Pacific perspective: redefining obesityand its treatment. Western Pacific Regional Office. World Health Organization. Geneva. pp.1-48

32.
World Health Organization Consultation on Obesity (2000): Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic. Report of a WHO consultation on obesity. World Health Organizaion. Geneva. pp.1-253

33.
Yon M, Lee MS, Oh SI, Park SC, Kwak CS (2010): Assessment of food consumption, dietary diversity and dietary pattern during the summer in middle aged adults and older adults living in Gugoksoondam logevity area, Korea. Korean J Community Nutr 15(4):536-549

34.
Yoon J, Kim KK, Hwang IC, Lee KS, Suh HS (2011): Association between body mass index, abdominal obesity defined by waist circumference criteria, and estimated glomerular filtration rate in healthy Korean adults: 2007 the Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey. Korean J Obes 20(4):202-209 crossref(new window)

35.
Zhou BF (2002): Effect of body mass index on all-cause mortality and incidence of cardiovascular diseases--report for meta-analysis of prospective studies open optimal cut-off points of body mass index in Chinese adults. Biomed Environ Sci 15(3):245-252