JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Political Diversity and Participation: A Systematic Review of the Measurement and Relationship
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Political Diversity and Participation: A Systematic Review of the Measurement and Relationship
Jun, Najin;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study reviews existing research on the measurement of and the relationship between political diversity and political participation. It addresses the inconsistency in the arguments of existing studies researching the influence of political diversity on political participation. It attempts to find the cause in the variety of approaches to conceptualize and operationalize the two variables. As the measure of political diversity, political network heterogeneity and network attributes are discussed in detail in specific relation to political participation. As for political participation, an in-depth analysis of various ways to understand different forms of political involvement is presented. Implications for public opinion research are discussed.
 Keywords
political diversity;political participation;political network heterogeneity;political discussion network;network attributes;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Berelson, B., Lazarsfeld, P., & McPhee, W. (1954). Voting: A Study of Opinion Formation in a Presidential Campaign. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

2.
Berger, C. R. (2009). Interpersonal communication. In D. W. Stacks & M. B. Salwen (Eds.), Civic Life Online: Learning How Digital Media Can Engage Youth (pp. 1-24). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

3.
Brundidge, J. (2010). Encountering ''difference'' in the contemporary public sphere: The contribution of the Internet to the heterogeneity of political discussion networks. Journal of Communication, 60(4), 680-700. crossref(new window)

4.
Burt, R. S. (1992). Structural Holes: The Social Structure of Competition. Cambridge, MA:Harvard University Press.

5.
Cambell, A., Gurin, G., & Miller, W. E. (1954). The Voter Decides. Evanston, IL: Row, Peterson.

6.
Eveland, W. P., Jr., & Hively, M. H. (2005). Political discussion frequency, network size and "heterogeneity" of discussion as predictors of political knowledge and participation. Journal of Communication, 59(2), 205-224.

7.
Garrett, R. K. (2009). Echo chambers online?: Politically motivated selective exposure among Internet news users. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 14(2), 265-285. crossref(new window)

8.
Gil de Zuniga, H., & Valenzuela, S. (2011). The mediating path to a stronger citizenship: Online and offline networks, weak ties, and civic engagement. Communication Research, 38(3), 387-421.

9.
Giles, M. W., & Dantico, M. K. (1982). Political participation and the neighborhood social context revisited. American Journal of Political Science, 26(1), 144-50. crossref(new window)

10.
Granovetter, M. (1973). The strength of weak ties. American Journal of Sociology, 78(6), 1360-1380. crossref(new window)

11.
Grosser, J., & Schram, A. (2006). Neighborhood information exchange and voter participation: An experimental study. American Political Science Review, 100(2), 235-248. crossref(new window)

12.
Huckfeldt, R. (1979). Political participation and the neighborhood social context. American Journal of Political Science. 23(3), 579-92. crossref(new window)

13.
Huckfeldt, R., Johnson, P. E., & Sprague, J. (2002). Political environments, political dynamics, and the survival of disagreement. The Journal of Politics, 64(1), 1-21. crossref(new window)

14.
Huckfeldt, R., Johnson, P. E., & Sprague, J. (2004). Political Disagreement: The Survival of Diverse Opinions within Communication Networks. New York: Cambridge University.

15.
Huckfeldt, R., Mendez, J. M. and Osborn, T. (2004). Disagreement, Ambivalence, and Engagement: The Political Consequences of Heterogeneous Networks. Political Psychology, 25(1), 65-95. crossref(new window)

16.
Huckfeldt, R., & Sprague, J. (1995). Citizens, Politics, and Social Communication: Information and Influence in an Election Campaign. New York: Cambridge University Press.

17.
Jang, S. (2009). Are diverse political networks always bad for participatory democracy? Indifference, alienation, and political disagreements. American Politics Research, 37(5), 879-898. crossref(new window)

18.
Jun, N. (2012). Contribution of Internet news use to reducing the influence of selective online exposure on political diversity. Computers in Human Behavior, 28(4), 1450-1457. crossref(new window)

19.
Katz, E., & Lazarsfeld, P. F. (1955). Personal Influence: The Part Played by People in the Flow of Mass Communication. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.

20.
Kenny, C. B. (1994). The microenvironment of attitude change. Journal of Politics. 56(3), 715-728. crossref(new window)

21.
Kwak, N., Willams, A. E., Wang, X., & Lee, H. (2005). Talking politics and engaging politics:An examination of the interactive relations between structural features of political talk and discussion engagement. Communication Research. 32(1), 87-111. crossref(new window)

22.
Lazarsfeld, P., Berelson, B., & Gaudet, H. (1944). People's Choice: How the Voter Makes Up His Mind in a Presidential Campaign. New York: Duell, Sloan & Pearce.

23.
Leighley, J. (1990). Social interaction and contextual influences on political participation. American Politics Research, 18(4), 459-475. crossref(new window)

24.
Lin, N. (2001) Social Capital: A Theory of Social Structure and Action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

25.
McClurg, S. D. (2006a). Political disagreement in context: The conditional effect of neighborhood context, disagreement and political talk on electoral participation. Political Behavior. 28(4), 349-366. crossref(new window)

26.
McClurg, S. D. (2006b). The electoral relevance of political talk: Examining disagreement and expertise effects in social networks on political participation. American Journal of Political Science, 50(3), 737-754. crossref(new window)

27.
McLeod, J. M., Kosicki, G. M., & McLeod, D. M. (1994). The expanding boundaries of political communication effects. In J. Bryant & D. Zillmann (Eds.), Media effects: Advances in theory and research (pp. 123-162). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

28.
McPherson, M., Smith-Lovin, L., & Cook J. M. (2001). Birds of a feather: Homophily in social networks. Annual Review of Sociology, 27, 415-444. crossref(new window)

29.
Moy, P., & Gastil, J. (2006). Predicting deliberative conversation: The impact of discussion networks, media use, and political cognitions. Political Communication, 23(4), 443-460. crossref(new window)

30.
Mutz, D. C. (2002). The consequences of cross-cutting networks for political participation. American Journal of Political Science, 46(4), 838-855. crossref(new window)

31.
Mutz, D. C. (2006). Hearing the other side: deliberative versus participatory democracy. New York: Cambridge University.

32.
Mutz, D. C., & Martin, P. S. (2001). Facilitating communication across lines of political difference. The American Political Science Review, 95(1), 97-114.

33.
Orum, A. M. (1976). Individual autonomy and social constraints in the political arena: Signs and designs in the United States. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for the Study of Social Problems, New York City.

34.
Scheufele, D. A., Hardy, B.W., Brossard, D., Waismel-Manor, I. S., & Nisbet, E. C. (2006). Democracy based on difference: Examining the links between structural heterogeneity, heterogeneity of discussion networks, and democratic citizenship. Journal of Communication, 56(4), 728-753. crossref(new window)

35.
Scheufele, D. A., Nisbet, M. C., Brossard, D., & Nisbet, E. C. (2004). Social structure and citizenship: Examining the impact of social setting, network heterogeneity, and informational variables on political participation. Political Communication, 21(3), 315-338. crossref(new window)

36.
Schmitt-Beck, R. (2004). Political communication effects: The impact of mass media and personal conversations on voting. In E. Esser, & B. Pfetsch (Eds.), Comparing Political communication: Theories, Cases and Challenges (pp. 293-322). Cambridge, UK:Cambridge University Press.

37.
Son, J., & Lin, N. (2008). Social capital and civic action: A network-based approach. Social Science Research, 37(1), 330-349. crossref(new window)

38.
Stroud, N. J. (2007). Media use and political predispositions: Revisiting the concept of selective exposure. Political Behavior. 30(3), 341-366.

39.
Ulbig, S. G., & Funk, C. L. (1999). Conflict avoidance and political participation. Political Behavior, 21(3), 265-282. crossref(new window)

40.
Verva, S., Schlozman, K. L., & Brady, H. E. (1995). Voice and Equality: Civic Voluntarism in American Politics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

41.
Weismann, G. (1982). On the importance of marginality: One more step into the two-step flow of communication. American Sociological Review, 47(6), 764-773. crossref(new window)

42.
Zipp, J. F., & Smith, J. (1979). The structure of electoral political participation. American Journal of Sociology. 85(1), 167-77. crossref(new window)