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Basic Study on the Development of Impact Protective Pants and Falls of Elderly Women
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  • Journal title : Fashion & Textile Research Journal
  • Volume 16, Issue 6,  2014, pp.945-953
  • Publisher : The Korean Society for ClothIng Industry
  • DOI : 10.5805/SFTI.2014.16.6.945
 Title & Authors
Basic Study on the Development of Impact Protective Pants and Falls of Elderly Women
Lee, Jin Suk; Park, Jung Hyun; Lee, Jeong Ran;
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 Abstract
This study aims to develop protective pants to relieve impact from falls and to present basic data for the development. The survey results are as follows; First, 45% of the respondents were in their 60s and 55% of them were in their over 70s and older. Also, 64% of them have fallen once for the past year and 36% of them have fallen twice or more. The older they were, the more there were those who have fallen twice or more. This indicated the older people has experienced more fall accidents again after a initial fall accident. Second, as per accident situations, the survey showed that fall accidents happened the most in the winter and in the afternoon (12-18 pm). Also, it happened on a street mostly and they were wearing sneakers or hiking boots when they got a hurt slipped in a front or side by missing their step in a walk. The injury areas are mostly knee and ankle. They had the bruises or a sprain in their knee and ankle mostly. The rate of bone fracture was 19.5%. Therefore, the protection area to falls in lower body is the knee. But hip and hip joint should be protected with knee as well because those are usually be broken when it is damaged. Third, approximately 80% of those who were hospitalized for treatment had surgery. Patients who had surgery were rather in their over 70s than in their 60s. The older they were, the more serious their fracture was. The period of hospital or outpatient treatment is more than three weeks in many cases. They responded their health got worse after falls. Aftereffects of accidents were physical discomfort, anxiety and medical costs. Falls to the old makes physical damage, psychological damage, which cause reduced physical activity and the increased cost of health care with economic losses. So it results on a negative impact on the life of the old. Fourth, elderly females were rarely aware of impact protective clothing and they have never purchased such clothing. For impact protective pants, the major consideration was suitable design for their body types. They liked casual style with front or side pockets and simple designs without any patterns or decorations. As per pants materials, they responded that they need functionality, activity and elasticity. Among the functional points, insulation of cloths are considered importantly, so the heat reservance of material in the impact protective pants should be considered carefully.
 Keywords
fall;fall experienced;elderly women;impact protective pants;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
Characteristic Evaluation of Impact Absorption Materials for the Development of Fall Impact Protective Pants, Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 2016, 40, 3, 495  crossref(new windwow)
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