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Implementation of Polarization-Insensitive Directional Coupler using Curved Waveguides
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 Title & Authors
Implementation of Polarization-Insensitive Directional Coupler using Curved Waveguides
Ho, Kwang-Chun;
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The polarization characteristics of polarization-insensitive directional coupler based on double sandwiched rib-type and curved waveguides are explored in detail by using conformal transformation method (CTM) and longitudinal modal transmission-line theory(L-MTLT). To obtain the polarization-insensitive condition of polarization-insensitive curved directional coupler(PI-CDC), the coupling length and coupling efficiency according to the inner radius of PI-CDC are analyzed for quasi-TE and quasi-TM modes. The numerical results show that the PI-CDC with a few micrometer scales can be realized by properly choosing the curvature and structural and material parameters of double sandwiched layers. Furthermore, the mode profiles propagating through PI-CDC are evaluated, and the influence on coupler performance has been investigated.
Polarization-Insensitive Coupler;Curved Waveguide;Conformal Mapping;
 Cited by
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