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Design of Ultra-sonication Pre-Treatment System for Microalgae CELL Wall Degradation
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 Title & Authors
Design of Ultra-sonication Pre-Treatment System for Microalgae CELL Wall Degradation
Yang, Seungyoun; Mariappan, Vinayagam; Won, Dong Chan; Ann, Myungsuk; Lee, Sung Hwa;
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Cell walls of microalgae consist of a polysaccharide and glycoprotein matrix providing the cells with a formidable defense against its environment. Anaerobic digestion (AD) of microalgae is primarily inhibited by the chemical composition of their cell walls containing biopolymers able to resist bacterial degradation. Adoption of pre-treatments such as thermal, thermal hydrolysis, ultrasound and enzymatic hydrolysis have the potential to remove these inhibitory compounds and enhance biogas yields by degrading the cell wall, and releasing the intracellular algogenic organic matter (AOM). This paper preproposal stage investigated the effect of different pre-treatments on microalgae cell wall, and their impact on the quantity of soluble biomass released in the media and thus on the digestion process yields. This Paper present optimum approach to degradation of the cell wall by ultra-sonication with practical design specification parameter for ultrasound based pretreatment system. As a result of this paper presents, a microalgae system in a wastewater treatment flowsheet for residual nutrient uptake can be justified by processing the waste biomass for energy recovery. As a conclusion on this result, Low energy harvesting technologies and pre-treatment of the algal biomass are required to improve the overall energy balance of this integrated system.
Ultrasound;Sonication;Microalgae;Algae;Cell Wall;Pre-Treatment;Cell wall degradation;anaerobic digestion;
 Cited by
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