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Investigation on the Effect of Organic Additives on the Electroformed Cu Deposits with Micro-patterns
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 Title & Authors
Investigation on the Effect of Organic Additives on the Electroformed Cu Deposits with Micro-patterns
Lee, Joo-Yul; Kim, Man; Lee, Kyu-Hwan; Yim, Seong-Bong; Lee, Jong-Il;
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The effect of organic additives, 1-(3-sulfoproyl)-2-vinylpyridineium hydroxide (SVH) and thiourea (TU), on the precision copper electrodeposition was investigated with optical, electrochemical and x-ray diffraction techniques. It was found that SVH played a r ole as a n accelerator and TU as an i nhibitor during the electroreduction of cupric ions in acidic Cu electroplating solution. Through electrochemical measurements, TU showed more strong interaction with cupric ions than SVH and dominated overall Cu electroplating process when both additives were present in the solution. In the case of three dimensional Cu electrodeposition on the 20 -patterned Ni substrates, SVH controlled the upright growth of Cu electrodeposits and so determined its flatness, while TU prohibited the lateral spreading of Cu in the course of pulse-reverse pulse current adaptation. With microscopic observation, we obtained the optimum organic additives composition, that is, 100 ppm SVH and 200 ppm TU during the current pulsation.
Cu electroplating;Organic additives;Pulsation;3D growth;Pattern;
 Cited by
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