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Effects of Acid Treatment of Carbon on Electroless Copper Plating
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 Title & Authors
Effects of Acid Treatment of Carbon on Electroless Copper Plating
Shin, Ari; Han, Jun Hyun;
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The effects of surface modification by nitric acid on the pre-treatment of electroless copper plating were investigated. Copper was electroless-plated on the nitric acid treated graphite activated by a two-step pre-treatment process (sensitization + activation). The chemical state and relative quantities of the various surface species were determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) after nitric acid modification or pre-treatment. The acid treatment increased the surface roughness of the graphite due to deep and fine pores and introduced the oxygen-containing functional groups (-COOH and O-C
Acid treatment;Functional group;Electroless plating;Palladium;Carbon;
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