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Intentions to Undergo Lung Cancer Screening among Korean Men
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 Title & Authors
Intentions to Undergo Lung Cancer Screening among Korean Men
Cam, Nhung Bui; Lee, Yoon Young; Yoon, HyoJoong; Suh, Mina; Park, Boyoung; Jun, Jae Kwan; Kim, Yeol; Choi, Kui Son;
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 Abstract
Opportunistic screening for lung cancer is commonly conducted in Korea in accordance with physician recommendations and screenee`s preferences. However, studies have yet to thoroughly examine the public`s understanding of the risks posed by lung cancer screening. This study was conducted to assess changes in intentions to undergo lung cancer screening in response to being informed about exposure to radiation during low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) tests and to identify factors with the greatest influence thereon among Korean men. We conducted sub-group interviews among men chosen from the 2013 Korea National Cancer Screening Survey (KNCSS), a nationwide, population-based, cross-sectional survey of men aged 40 to 74 years and women aged 30 to 74 years. From 4100 participants in the KNCSS, 414 men who underwent any cancer screening test within the last 2 years were randomly selected for inclusion in this study. Via face-to-face interviews, their intentions to undergo lung cancer screening were assessed before and after being informed about exposure to radiation during LDCT testing. Of the 414 participants, 50% were current smokers. After receiving information on the benefits of the test, 95.1% stated an intention to undergo screening; this decreased to 81.6% after they received information on the harms of the test. The average decrease in intention rate was 35.3%. Smoking status, household income, and education level were not associated with lowered intentions to undergo lung cancer screening. Participants who were older than 60 years old (OR
 Keywords
Lung cancer screening;screening intention;low;dose computed tomography;smoking history;
 Language
English
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