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Predictors of Sun-Protective Practices among Iranian Female College Students: Application of Protection Motivation Theory
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 Title & Authors
Predictors of Sun-Protective Practices among Iranian Female College Students: Application of Protection Motivation Theory
Dehbari, Samaneh Rooshanpour; Dehdari, Tahereh; Dehdari, Laleh; Mahmoudi, Maryam;
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 Abstract
Purpose: Given the importance of sun protection in the prevention of skin cancer, this study was designed to determine predictors of sun-protective practices among a sample of Iranian female college students based on protection motivation theory (PMT) variables. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 201 female college students in Iran University of Medical Sciences were selected. Demographic and PMT variables were assessed with a 67-item questionnaire. Multiple linear regression was used to identify demographic and PMT variables that were associated with sun-protective practices and intention. Results: one percent of participants always wore a hat with a brim, 3.5% gloves and 15.9% sunglasses while outdoors. Only 10.9% regularly had their skin checked by a doctor. Perceived rewards, response efficacy, fear, self-efficacy and marital status were the five variables which could predict 39% variance of participants intention to perform sun-protective practices. Also, intention and response cost explained 31% of the variance of sun-protective practices. Conclusions: These predictive variables may be used to develop theory-based education interventions to prevent skin cancer among college students.
 Keywords
Skin cancer;sun-protective practices;student;protection motivation theory;Iran;
 Language
English
 Cited by
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Prevention of Esophageal Cancer: Experience of an Educational Campaign for Reducing Hot Tea Consumption in Iran,;;;

Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 2016. vol.17. 1, pp.305-310 crossref(new window)
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Prevention of Esophageal Cancer: Experience of an Educational Campaign for Reducing Hot Tea Consumption in Iran, Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 2016, 17, 1, 305  crossref(new windwow)
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Perceptions and Practices of the Iranian Population regarding Skin Cancers: A Literature Review, Journal of Skin Cancer, 2017, 2017, 2090-2913, 1  crossref(new windwow)
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