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Clinical Presentation and Frequency of Risk Factors in Patients with Breast Carcinoma in Pakistan
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Clinical Presentation and Frequency of Risk Factors in Patients with Breast Carcinoma in Pakistan
Memon, Zahid Ali; Qurrat-ul-Ain, Qurrat-ul-Ain; Khan, Ruba; Raza, Natasha; Noor, Tooba;
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Background: Breast cancer is known to be one of the most prevalent cancers among women in both developing and developed countries. The incidence of breast cancer in Pakistan has increased dramatically within the last few years and is the second country after Israel in Asia to have highest proportional cases of breast cancer. However, there are limited data for breast cancer available in the literature from Pakistan. Objectives: The study was conducted to bring to light the common clinical presentation of breast cancer and to evaluate the frequency of established risk factors in breast carcinoma patients and furthermore to compare the findings between premenopausal and postmenopausal women in Pakistan. Materials and Methods: A 6 months (from July 2012 to Dec 2012) cross sectional survey was conducted in Surgical and Oncology Units of Civil Hospital, Karachi. Data were collected though a well developed questionnaire from 105 female patients diagnosed with carcinoma of breast and analyzed using SPSS version 17. Institutional ethical approval was obtained prior to data collection. Results: Out of 105 patients, 43 were premenopausal and 62 were postmenopausal, 99 being married. Mean age at diagnosis was . A painless lump was the most frequent symptom, notived by 77.1%(n
Breast cancer;lump in breast;causes of breast cancer;common age of breast cancer;
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