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Factors Associated with Adherence to Colorectal Cancer Screening among Moderate Risk Individuals in Iran
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Factors Associated with Adherence to Colorectal Cancer Screening among Moderate Risk Individuals in Iran
Taheri-Kharameh, Zahra; Noorizadeh, Farsad; Sangy, Samira; Zamanian, Hadi; Shouri-Bidgoli, Ali Reza; Oveisi, Helaleh;
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Background: Colorectal cancer is one of the most common neoplasms in Iran. Secondary prevention (colorectal cancer screening) is important and a most valuable method of early diagnosis of this cancer. The objectives of this study were to determine the factors associated with colorectal cancer screening adherence among Iranians 50 years and older using the Health Belief Model. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from June 2012 to May 2013. A convenience sample of 200 individuals aged 50 and older was recruited from the population at outpatient clinics in teaching hospitals. Data gathering tools were the Champions health belief model scale (CHBMS) with coverage of socio-demographic background and CRC screening information. Multiple logistic regression was performed to identify factors associated with colorectal cancer screening adherence. Results: The mean age of participants was and 75.5% were women. A high percentage of the participants had not heard or read about colorectal cancer (86.5%) and CRC screening (93.5%). Perceived susceptibility to colorectal cancer had the lowest percentage of all of the subscales. Participants who perceived more susceptibility (OR
Colorectal cancer screening;adherence;knowledge;health belief model;Iran;
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