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Clinical Features of Oxaliplatin Induced Hypersensitivity Reactions and Therapeutic Approaches
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 Title & Authors
Clinical Features of Oxaliplatin Induced Hypersensitivity Reactions and Therapeutic Approaches
Bano, Nusrat; Najam, Rahila; Qazi, Faaiza; Mateen, Ahmed;
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 Abstract
Oxaliplatin, a third generation novel platinum compound is the most effective first line chemotherapeutic agent for colorectal cancer (CRC) in combination with 5FU and leucovorin. It is indicated for pancreatic, gastric and testicular cancers combined with bevacuzimab, capecitabine, irinotecan and other cytotoxic agents. However, moderate to severe hypersensitivity reactions (HSR) during or after oxaliplatin infusion usually require cessation of chemotherapy or substitution of the key therapeutic drug which largely interferes with improved patient prognosis. This mini- review showcases recent and accepted opinions/approaches in oxaliplatin induced HSR management. Physicians and oncologists have varying attitudes regarding the decision to rechallenge the patient after an HSR experience, efficacy of desensitization protocols, effectiveness and selection of drugs for premedication and possibilities of cross sensitivity to other platinum agents (e.g. carboplatin). A brief insight into underlying molecular mechanisms and clinical manifestations of oxaliplatin induced HSR is offered. We have also discussed the management of oxaliplatin induced HSR and risk stratification for a successful and complete chemotherapeutic plan.
 Keywords
Oxaliplatin;hypersensitivity reactions;desensitization;management;rechallenge;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Comparison between hypersensitivity reactions to cycles of modified FOLFOX6 and XELOX therapies in patients with colorectal cancer, Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology, 2017, 79, 5, 1021  crossref(new windwow)
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