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Microscopic Observation of Surface and Cross Section of Korean Traditional Paper-Hanji
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 Title & Authors
Microscopic Observation of Surface and Cross Section of Korean Traditional Paper-Hanji
Yoon, Seung-Lak;
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 Abstract
To investigate fiber orientation of Korean traditional paper, Hanji, the fiber arrangements on the surface and cross section of Hanji were observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The surface observation showed that the fibers of traditional paper were arranged in vertical and horizontal directions, and those of ssangbal sheet forming were arranged more in vertical direction. The fibers of machine made Hanji and copying paper were usually arranged in vertical direction. As for the observation of cross section of traditional paper, fibers arranged in horizontal direction tended to be increased with the increase of thicknesses. The thick traditional paper have cracks in the middle part of structural section of paper. They were larger in cross section in horizontal direction than in vertical direction. The horizontal arrangement of traditional paper seemed to be about 8% to 14% higher to the vertical arrangement, which is very lower to other papers.
 Keywords
Hanji;Korean traditional paper;surface;section;microscopic observation;fiber orientation;vertical and horizontal directions;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
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