JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Role of the University in the Innovation Ecosystem, and Implications for Science Cities and Science Parks: A Human Resource Development Approach
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : World Technopolis Review
  • Volume 4, Issue 3,  2015, pp.132-143
  • Publisher : World Technopolis Association
  • DOI : 10.7165/wtr2015.4.3.132
 Title & Authors
The Role of the University in the Innovation Ecosystem, and Implications for Science Cities and Science Parks: A Human Resource Development Approach
Ferguson, David L.; Fernandez, Ramon Emilio;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
In the 21st Century, scientific discovery and technological development are fueled by unprecedented changes in knowledge, societal needs and wants, engineering designs, materials, and instrumentation. Such rapid global changes pose major opportunities and challenges for the innovation ecosystem-especially in developing countries. In particular, our models for human resource development and engagement must evolve so as to better prepare leaders in higher education institutions, research institutes, science cities and science parks, businesses and industries, and governments. Universities throughout the world must play a greater role in both the research and practice of human resource development and engagement for the knowledge-based and creative economies. This paper explores the current and potential talent development and talent engagement dimensions of universities in economic development, and research and practice in education and policy-with implications of such dimensions for science cities/science parks. The paper highlights the importance of a greater role for universities, in collaborating with business/industry and governments, in examining new economics-sensitive and values-sensitive models for education and human resource development so as to better understand and support innovation in global contexts.
 Keywords
Innovation Ecosystem;Global Science and Technology Talent;Entrepreneurship;Human Resource Development;Science Cities;Science Parks;University;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Aguirre, D., Hewlett , S. A., and Post, L. (2009) Global talent innovation strategies for breakthrough performance, USA: Booz & Company Inc.

2.
Alas, T. (2014) Insights from international benchmarkiing of the UK science and innovation system, Department of Business for Innovation and Skills.

3.
Almonte, A. (2015) "New Computer Science Building Is Open for Business, Education and Infinite Innovation", Stonybrook Newroom (July 02, 2015). available at: http://sb.cc.stonybrook.edu/news/general/2015_07_02_computer_science_open.php#sthash.AYlGVdgK.dpuf

4.
Altbach, P. G. (2007) "Peripheries and centres: Research universities in developing countries," Higher Education Management and Policy 19(2): 111-134.

5.
Arocena, R., and Sutz, J. (2002) Innovations systems and developing countries, DRUID Working Paper No. 02-05, Aalborg Denmark: Danish Research Unit for Industrial Dynamics, Aalborg University.

6.
Atkinson, R. D. (2014) Understanding the U.S.nNational innovation system, Washington, D.C.: The Information Teechnology and Innovation Foundation.

7.
Bamber, J. (2012) Developing the creative and innovative potential of young people through non-formal learning in ways that relevant to employability, Ireland: European Comission.

8.
Bergek, A., Jacobsson, S., Carlsson, B., Lindmark, S., and Rickne, A. (2005) "Analyzing the dynamics functionality of sectoral innovation systems," The Proceedings of the DRUID Tenth Anniversary Summer Congerence, Copenhagen.

9.
Bhagat, R. S., McDevitt, A. S., and London, M. L. (2014) "Acculturation, acculturative stress, and adaptation of immigrant professionals," Manuscript submitted for publication, 1-51.

10.
Bilbao-Osorio, B., Soumitra, D., and Lan, B. (2014) The global information technology report 2014: Rewards and risks of big data, Geneva, Switzerland: World Economic Forum.

11.
Bonas, G., Husso, K., Komarek, P., Koschatzky, K., Oughton, C., Santos Pereira, T., Thomas, B., and Wathen, M. (2007) Regional research intensive clusters and science parks, Brussels, Belgium: European Commission.

12.
Bourdieu, P. (1986) "The forms of capital," In J. G. Richardson, Handbook of theory and research for the sociology of education, Greenwood.

13.
Burke, E., and Glennon, R. (2012) The shl talent report: Big data insight and analysis of the global workforce, Alpharetta, GA: SHL Americas.

14.
Carlsson, B., and Stankiewicz, R. (1991) "On the nature, function, and composition of technological systems," Journal of Evolutionary Economics 1: 93-118. crossref(new window)

15.
Carlsson, B., Jacobsson, S., Holmen, M., and Rickne, A. (2002) "Innovation systems: Analytical and methodological issues," Research Policy 21: 233-245.

16.
Cloete, N., Bailey, T., Pillay, P., Bunting, I., and Maasen, P. (2011) Univeristies and economic development in Africa, Wynberg, Cape Town, South Africa: Centre for Higher Education Transformation (CHET).

17.
Coleman, J. S. (1988) "Social capital and the formation of human capital," The American Journal of Sociology S95-S120.

18.
Dede, C. (2007) Transforming education for the 21st century: New pedagogies that help all students attain sophisticated learning outcomes, NCSU Friday Institue.

19.
Dede, C. (2009) Comparing frameworks for "21st" century skills, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard Graduate School of Education.

20.
Department for Culture, Media and Sport (2014) Creative industries economic estimates, London, UK: Department for Culture, Media & Sport.

21.
Dimick, D. (2015) National Geographic. Retrieved April 10, 2015, from 5 Things You Should Know About California's Water Crisis, available at: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/04/150406-california-drought-snowpack-map-water-science/

22.
Dobbs, R., Ramaswamy, S., Stephenson, E., and Viguerie, P. (2014) "Management intuition for the next 50 years," McKinsey Quarterly.

23.
Economist Intelligence Unit (2011) Fostering innovation-led clusters, London, UK: Advanced Technology Investment Company (ATIC).

24.
Edquist, C. (2005) Systems of innovation: Technologies, institutions, and organizations, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

25.
Etzkowitz, H. (1993) Technology transfer: The second academic revolution, Technology Access Report.

26.
Etzkowitz, H. (2013) "Silicon valley-the sustainability of an innovative region," Social Science Information 52 (4): 516-538.

27.
Etzkowitz, H., and Leydesdorff, L. (1995) "The triple helix of University-Industry-Government relations: A laboratory for knowledge-based economic development," EASST Review 14: 14-19.

28.
Etzkowitz, H., and Leydesdorff, L. (2000) "The Dynamics of Innovation: From National Systems and 'Mode 2' to a Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government Relations," Research Policy 29(2): 109-123. crossref(new window)

29.
Etzkowitz, H., and Ranga, M. (2010) "A triple helix system for knowledge-based regional development: from "spheres" to "spaces"," The proceeding of Triple Helix 8 International Conference (pp. 1-29), Madrid, Spain.

30.
Etzkowitz, H., and Rickne, A. (2006) Scientists, citizens and civil society: The stems cell innovation crisis and the making of the California Institute of Regenerative Medicine (CIRM), The Working Paper Series (WPS) of the Triple Helix Association.

31.
European Commission (2014) European Commission. Retrieved April 13, 2015, from Education and Training: Life Long Learning Programme, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/education/tools/llp_en.htm

32.
EYGM Limited (2012) Tracking global trends: How six key developments are shaping the business world, Ernst & Young.

33.
Feinson, S. (2003) "National innovation systems overview and country cases," In Knowledge flows and knowledge collectivities: Understanding the role of science and technology policies in development (pp. 13-38), Rockefeller Foundation.

34.
Freeman, R. B., Ganguli, I., and Murciano-Garof, R. (2014) "Why and wherefore of increase scientific collaboration," National Bureau of Economic Research: 1-41.

35.
Friedenthal, J. (2014) Africa/South African MOOCs in 2014, ST Office at the Swiss Embassy in South Africa.

36.
Gibb, S. (2006) Human resource development. Edinburgh, Scotland: CAPDM Limited.

37.
Grubb, W. N. (2003) The Roles of Tertiary Colleges and Institutes: Trade-offs in Restructuring Postsecondary Education, Education and Training Policy Division, Directorate for Education (OECD).

38.
Helliwell, J., Layard, R., and Sachs, J. (2012) World happiness report 2012, Paris, France: United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network.

39.
Helliwell, J.F., Layard, L.R., and Sachs, J.D. (2015) World happiness report 2015, Paris, France: United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network.

40.
Hinds, P. J., and Bailey, D. E. (2003) "Out of sight, out of sync: Understanding conflict in distributed teams," Organization Science: 615-632.

41.
Hollanders, H., and Es-Sadki, N. (2013) Innovation Union Scoreboard, Belgium, Switzerland: European Comission.

42.
Jackson, D. J. (2015) What is the innovation ecosystem? Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation.

43.
Kapur, D., and Crowley, M. (2008) Beyond the ABCs: Higher education and developing countries, Working Paper Number 139, Washington, D.C.: Center for Global Development.

44.
Lewin, A. Y., Massini, S., and Peeters, C. (2008) Why are companies offshoring innovation?: The emerging global race for talent, Fuqua School of Business, Duke Univ.: Durham, NC.

45.
Link, A. N., and Scott, J. T. (2002) Science parks and the academic missions of universities: An exploratory study, Hanover: Dartmouth College.

46.
Lowe, C. (1982) "The triple helix-NIH, industry, and the academic world," The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine 55(3-4): 239-246.

47.
Manyika, J., Chui , M., Bughin, J., Dobbs, R., Bisson, P., and Marrs, A. (2013) Disruptive technologies: Advances that will transform life, business, and the global economy, McKinsey Global Institute .

48.
Manyika, J., Chui, M., Brown, B., Bughin, J., Dobbs, R., Roxburgh, C., and Byers, A.H. (2011) Big data: The next frontier for innovation, competition, and productivity, McKinsey Global Institute .

49.
Marburger III, J. H. (2011) "Why policy implementation needs a science of science policy," In K. Husbands Fealing, J. I. Lane, J. H. Marburger III, and S. S. Shipp (Eds.), The science of science policy (pp. 9-29), Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

50.
Morgan, G. (2010) "Technology and Policy," In D. Grasson, and M. Brown Burkins (Eds.), Holistic engineering education: Beyond technology (pp. 271-281), New York, NY: Springer.

51.
Munshi, N., Oke, A., Stafylarakis, M., Puranam, P., Towells, S., Möslein, K., and Neely, A. (2005) Leading for innovation: the impact of leadership on innovation, London, UK: Advanced Institute of Management Research (AIM).

52.
Nauwelaers, C., Kleibrink, A., and Stancova, K. (2014) The role of the science park in smart specialization strategies, Luxemburg: European Commission .

53.
OECD (2008) 21st century learning: Research, innovation and policy directions from recent OECD analyses, Center for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI).

54.
OECD (2012) Innovation for development: A discussion of the issues and an overview of work of the OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry, Paris, France: OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (DSTI).

55.
OECD (2014) OECD Economic surveys: Korea, Paris, France: OECD Publishing.

56.
Oxford Economics (2012) Global talent 2021: How the new geography of talent will transform human resource strategies, Oxford, Uited Kingdom: Oxford Economics.

57.
Pea, R. (2014) The learning analytics (LAW) workgroup: A report on building the filed of learning analytics for personalized learning at scale, Standford: Stanford University.

58.
Pilegaard Hansen, C., Skovgaard Andersen, R., and Rasmussen, H. (2011) Building stronger universities in developing countries: Partnerships for change, Kapengen, Denmark: Universities Denmark.

59.
Ranga, M., and Etzkowitz, H. (2013) "Triple helix systems: An analytical framework for innovation policy and practice in the knowledge society," Industry & Higher Education 27(4): 237-262. crossref(new window)

60.
Raunio, M., Kautonen, M., and Saarinen, J. P. (2013) Models for International Innovation Policy: Transnational Channels and Regional Platforms : Fostering Globalizing Innovation Communities in Finland and Abroad, Tampere, Finland: University of Tampere.

61.
Rinne, T. A. (2011) An international comparison of models of innovation and their implications for New Zealand, Christchurch, New Zeland: Agribusiness and Economics Research Unit: Lincoln University.

62.
Rold, A. C. (Ed.) (2014) 2014 Global action report, Global Action Summit, Nov. 17-18, 2014, Nashville, Tennesse, USA.

63.
Sabato, J., & Mackenzie, M. (1982) La produccion de tecnologia: Autonoma o transnacional, Instituto Latinoamericano de Estudios Transnacionales.

64.
Sandler, R. L. (2012) "Value sensitive design and nanotechnology," In N. Dane Scot II and Blake Francis (Eds.), Debating science: Deliberation, values, and the common good (pp. 205-225), Amherst, NY: Humanities Books.

65.
Singh, M. (2005) Recognition, validation and certification of informal and non-formal learning, Hamburg, Germany: UNESCO.

66.
Sobel Lojeski, K., Reilly, R., and Dominick, P. (2006) "The role of virtual distance in innovation and success," Proceedings on the 39th Hawaii international conference on system science (pp. 1-10), Kauai, Hawaii: Los Alamitos, Calif. : IEEE Computer Society Press.

67.
Stahl, G. K., Björkman, I., Farndale, E., Morris, S. S., Paauwe, J., Stiles, P., Trevor, J., and Wright, P. (2012) "Six principles of effective global talent management," Sloan Management Review 53(2): 25-42.

68.
Stephan, M., Vahdat, H., Walkinshaw, H., & Walsh, B. (2014) Global human capital trends 2014: Engaging the 21st century workforce, USA: Deloitte Consulting University Press.

69.
Stone, D. (2012) Policy paradox: The art of political decision aking, New York: W. W. Norton & Company.

70.
Stony Brook University (2015) Stony Brook University. Retrieved April 13, 2015, from Study Abroad and Exchange, available at: http://www.stonybrook.edu/commcms/studyabroad/outgoing/programs/

71.
Sweden's Department for Development Policy (2010) Research for development: Policy for research in Swedish Development Cooperation 2010-2014, Sweeden: The Department for Development Policy and the MFA Information Services.

72.
Thor, S. (2009) "from HR to HRD: The evolution of human resources," Human Resources in High Performance Organizations (pp.1-24).

73.
Toner, P. (2011) Workforce skills and innovation: an overview of major themes in the literature, Paris, France: OECD .

74.
Torraco, R. J. (2002) "A history of human resource development," In M. J. Marquardt (Ed.), Human resource management, Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems.

75.
U.S. Department of Commerce (2010) United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 24, 2015, from Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010, available at: http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=bkmk

76.
U.S. Department of Commerce & National Economic Council (2012) The competitiveness and innovative capacities of the United States, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce.

77.
UNDP and UNESCO (2013) Creative economy report: Special edition: Widening local development pathways, New York, NY: United Nations/UNDP/UNESCO.

78.
UNESCO (2015) Regional Study On Integrating Transversal Competencies in Education Policy & Practice (Phase I): Regional Synthesis Report, Paris, France: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

79.
United Nations (2014) Economic survey of Latin American and the Caribbean (Briefing Paper), Economic Development Division of the Economic Comission for Latin American and the Caribbean (ECLAC).

80.
Van de Ven, A. H. (1986) "Central problems in the management of innovation," Management Science 32(5): 590-607. crossref(new window)

81.
Vasquez Urriago, A. R., Modrego, A., Barge-Gil, A., and Paraskevopulou, E. (2010) "The impact of science and technology parks on firms' radical product innovation: Empirical evidence from Spain," In DRUID conference, June 16-18, 2010.

82.
Ware, J., and Granthanm, C. (2009) Connecting and engaging teams in a distributed workfoce, The Work Design Collaborative, LLC.

83.
Werquin, P. (2010) Recognition of non-formal and informal learning: Country practices, The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

84.
World Economic Forum (2014) Part 1: Global risks 2014: Understanding systemic risks in a changing global environment, Geneva, Switzerland: World Economic Forum.

85.
Zheng, W., Qu, Q., and Yang, B. (2009) "Toward a theory of organizatinal cultural evolution," Human Resource Development Review 8(2): 151-17. crossref(new window)