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Humanitarian Relief Logistics with Time Restriction: Thai Flooding Case Study
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 Title & Authors
Humanitarian Relief Logistics with Time Restriction: Thai Flooding Case Study
Manopiniwes, Wapee; Nagasawa, Keisuke; Irohara, Takashi;
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Shortages and delays in a humanitarian logistics system can contribute to the pain and suffering of survivors or other affected people. Humanitarian logistics budgets should be sufficient to prevent such shortages or delays. Unlike commercial supply chain systems, the budgets for relief supply chain systems should be able to satisfy demand. This study describes a comprehensive model in an effort to satisfy the total relief demand by minimizing logistics operations costs. We herein propose a strategic model which determines the locations of distribution centers and the total inventory to be stocked for each distribution center where a flood or other catastrophe may occur. The proposed model is formulated and solved as a mixed-integer programming problem that integrates facility location and inventory decisions by considering capacity constraints and time restrictions in order to minimize the total cost of relief operations. The proposed model is then applied to a real flood case involving 47 disaster areas and 13 distribution centers in Thailand. Finally, we discuss the sensitivity analysis of the model and the managerial implications of this research.
Humanitarian Logistics;Relief Supply Chain;Disaster Management;Optimization;
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