Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Effects of a Leader`s Behavioral Integrity on Subordinates` Intention to Leave: Cognitive and Affective Trust as Mediating Variables
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
The Effects of a Leader`s Behavioral Integrity on Subordinates` Intention to Leave: Cognitive and Affective Trust as Mediating Variables
Moon, Jee-Young; Lee, Jung-Hun;
  PDF(new window)
The goal of this study is to examine the effects of a leader`s behavioral integrity on subordinates` intention to leave with the mediating roles of their cognitive and affective trust in their leader. After collecting data from 357 employees in a variety of organizations, we tested hypotheses with structural equation modeling(SEM). This study shows that there are statistically significant relationships among a leader`s behavioral integrity, subordinates` cognitive/affective trust and intention to leave. A leader`s behavioral integrity with the fully mediating roles of subordinates` cognitive and affective trust affects on their intention to leave negatively. Limitations in this study and suggestions for the future study are discussed.
Behavioral Integrity;Cognitive and Affective Trust;Intention to Leave;
 Cited by
E. A. Lind, & K. Van Den Bos. When fairness works: Toward a general theory of uncertainty management, In B. M. Staw & R. M. Kramer(Eds.), Research in organizational behavior, p. 181-223, Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 2002. DOI:

K. Van De Bos & E. A. Lind. Uncertainty management by means of fairness judgement, In M. P. Zanna(Eds.), Advances in experimental social psychology, 1-60, San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 2002.

S. H. Kang. Korean companies need to employees' engagement with their soul. LG Business Insight, 2014.

R. Audi & P. E. Murphy. The many faces of integrity. Business Ethics Quarterly, 16, 3-21, 2006. DOI: crossref(new window)

M. E. Palanski & F. J. Yammarino. Integrity and leadership: Clearing the conceptual confusion. European Management Journal, 25, 171-184, 2007. DOI: crossref(new window)

T. Simons. Behavioral integrity: The perceived alignment between managers' words and deeds as a research focus. Organization Science, 13, 18-35, 2002. DOI: crossref(new window)

T. Simons, E. C. Tomlinson & H. Leroy. Research on behavioral integrity: A promising construct for positive organizational scholarship. In K. Cameron & G. Spreitzer(Eds.), The Oxford handbook of positive organizational scholarship, 325-339. Oxford University Press, 2012.

F. Heider. The Psychology of Interpersonal Relations. Wiley, New York, 1958. DOI:

K. E. Weick. Sensemaking in Organizations. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA,. 1995.

A. Bandura. Social learning theory, Englewood Cliffs. NJ: Prentice Hall, 1977.

S. S. Masterson. A trickle-down model of organizational justice: Relating employees' and customers' perceptions of and reactions to fairness. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 594-604, 2001. DOI: crossref(new window)

T. Simons & J. McLean-Parks. The sequential impact of behavioral integrity on trust, commitment, discretionary service behavior, customer satisfaction, and profitability. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August, 2000.

M. E. Palanski & E. A. Carroll. The role of behavioral integrity as an antecedent to leader emergence. Paper presented as part of a symposium for Academy of Management annual conference, Atlanta, GA, August, 2006.

A. Davis & H. R. Rothstein. The effects of the perceived behavioral integrity of managers on employee attitudes: A meta-analysis. Journal of Business Ethics, 67, 407-419, 2006. DOI: crossref(new window)

J. L. Johnson & A. M. O'Leary-Kelly. The effects of psychological contract branch and organizational cynicism: Not all social exchange violations are created equal. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24, 627-647, 2003. DOI: crossref(new window)

R. L. Greenbaum, M. B. Mawritz & R. E. Piccolo. When leaders fail to "walk the talk": Supervisor undermining and perceptions of leader hypocrisy. Journal of Management, 1-28, 2012.

D. Rousseau, S. Sitkin, R. Burt & C. Camerer. Not so different after all: A cross-discipline view of trust. Academy of Management Review, 23, 393-404, 1998. DOI: crossref(new window)

R. C. Mayer, J. H. Davis & F. D. Schoorman. An integrative model of organizational trust. Academy of Management Review, 20, 709-734, 1995. DOI: crossref(new window)

K. T. Dirks & D. L. Ferrin. Trust in leadership: Meta-analytic findings and implications for research and practice. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 611-628, 2002. DOI: crossref(new window)

B. J. Avolio, W. Zhu, W. Koh & B. Puja. Transformational leadership and organizational commitment: Mediating role of psychological empowerment and moderating role of structural distance. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25, 951-968, 2004. DOI: crossref(new window)

F. O. Walumbwa & C. A. Hartnell. Understanding transformational leadership-employee performance links: The role of relational identification and self-efficacy. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 84(1), 153-182, 2011. DOI: crossref(new window)

K. T. Dirks & D. P. Skarlicki. Trust in leaders: Existing research and emerging issues. In R. M. Kramer & K. S. Cook(Eds.). Trust and distrust in organizations: Dilemmas and approaches. New York: Russel Sage Foundation, 2004.

C. Caldwell & R. D. Dixon. Love, forgiveness, and trust: Critical values of the modern leader. Journal of Business Ethics, 93, 91-101, 2010. DOI: crossref(new window)

R. Pillai, C. Schriesheim & E. Williams. Fairness perceptions and trust as mediators for transformational and transactional leadership: A two sample study. Journal of Management, 25, 897-933, 1999. DOI: crossref(new window)

J. Schaubroeck, S. S. K. Lam & A. C. Peng. Cognition-based and affect-based trust as mediators of leader behavior influences on team performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 96(4), 863-871, 2011. DOI: crossref(new window)

P. M. Blau. Exchange and power in social life. New York: John Wiley, 1964.

D. W. Organ. Organizational citizenship behavior: The good soldier syndrome. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1988.

P. M. Podsakoff, R. H. Moorman & R. Fetter. Transformational leader behavior and their effects on their followers' trust in leader, satisfaction, and organizational citizenship behavior. The Leadership Quarterly, 1, 107-142, 1990. DOI: crossref(new window)

D. Jung & B. Avolio. Opening the black box: An experimental investigation of the mediating effects of trust and value congruence on transformational and transactional leadership. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 21, 949-964, 2000. DOI:<949::AID-JOB64>3.0.CO;2-F crossref(new window)

D. J. McAllister. Affect-and cognition-based trust as foundations for interpersonal cooperation in organizations. Academy of Management Journal, 38, 24-59, 1995. DOI: crossref(new window)

J. Yang, K. W. Mossholder & T. K. Peng. Supervisory procedural justice effects: The mediating roles of cognitive and affective trust. The Leadership Quarterly, 20(1), 143-154, 2009. DOI: crossref(new window)

J. K. Rempel, J. G. Holes & M. D. Zanna. Trust in close relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49, 95-112, 1985. DOI: crossref(new window)

R. Lewicki & B. Bunker. Developing and maintaining trust in work relationship. In R. Kramer & T. Tyler(Eds.), Trust in organizations(pp. 114-139). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1996. DOI:

J. D. Lewis & A. Weigert. Trust as a social reality. Social Forces, 63, 967-985, 1985. DOI: crossref(new window)

S. T. Fiske, A. J. C. Cuddy & P. Glick. Universal dimensions of social cognition: Warmth and competence. Treads in Cognitive Science, 11(2), 77-83, 2007. DOI: crossref(new window)

R. P. Tett & J. P. Meyer. Job satisfaction, organizational commitment, turnover intention, and turnover: Path analyses based on meta-analytical findings. Personnel Psychology, 46, 259-293. DOI: crossref(new window)

C. P. Maertz Jr. & R. W. Griffeth. Eight motivational forces and voluntary turnover: A theoretical synthesis with implications for research. Journal of Management, 30, 667-683, 2004. DOI: crossref(new window)

J. L. Price & C. W. Mueller. A causal model of turnover for nurses. Academy of Management Journal, 24, 543-565, 1981. DOI: crossref(new window)

A. Bedeian, E. Kemery & A. Pizzolatto. Career commitment and expected utility of present job as predictors of turnover intentions and turnover behavior. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 39, 331-343, 1991. DOI: crossref(new window)

W. H. Mobley, S. O. Homer & A. T. Hollingsworth. An evaluation of precursors of hospital employee turnover. Journal of Applied Psychology, 63, 408-414, 1978. DOI: crossref(new window)

W. H. Mobley. Intermediate linkages in the relationship between job satisfaction and employee turnover. Journal of Applied Psychology, 62, 237-240, 1977. DOI: crossref(new window)

M. E. Palanski & F. J. Yammarino. Integrity and leadership: A multi-level conceptual framework. The Leadership Quarterly, 20, 405-420, 2009. DOI: crossref(new window)

J. A. Colquitt, B. A. Scott & J. A. LePine. Trust, trustworthiness, and trust propensity: A meta-analytic test of their unique relationships with risk taking and job performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92, 909-927, 2007. DOI: crossref(new window)

J. H. Davis, F. Schoorman, R. C. Mayer & H. Tan. The trusted general manager and business unit performance: Empirical evidence of a competitive advantage. Strategic Management Journal, 21, 563-576, 2000. DOI: 21:5<563::AID-SMJ99>3.0.CO;2-0 crossref(new window)

R. M. Kramer. Trust and distrust in organizations: Emerging perspectives, enduring question. Annual Review of Psychology, 50, 569-598, 1999. DOI: crossref(new window)

S. Aryee, P. S. Budhwar & Z. X. Chen. Trust as a mediator of the relationship between organizational justice and work outcomes: test of a social exchange model. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23, 267-285, 2002. DOI: crossref(new window)

R. D. Costigan, S. S. Ilter & J. J. Berman. A multi-dimensional study of trust in organizations. Journal of Managerial Issues, 10. 303-317, 1998.

H. Tan & C. S. Tan. Toward the differentiation of trust in supervisor and trust in organization. Genetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs, 126, 241-260, 2000.

T. Simons, R. Friedman, L. A. Liu & J. McLean-Parks. Racial differences in sensitivity to behavioral integrity: Attitudinal consequences, in-group effects, and "trickle down" among black and non-black employees. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92, 650-665, 2007. DOI: crossref(new window)

J. E. Lewin & J. K. Sager. The influence of personal characteristics and coping strategies on salespersons' turnover intentions. Journal of Personal Selling & Sales Management, 30, 355-370, 2010. DOI: crossref(new window)

P. M. Bentler. On test and indices for evaluating structural models. Personality and Individual Differences, 42(5), 825-829, 2007. DOI: crossref(new window)

J. F. Hair, W. C. Black, B. J. Babin, R. E. Anderson & R. L Tatham. Multivariate data analysis (6th ed.). Upper Saddler River, New Jersey: Person Education, 2006.

C. S. Burke, D. E. Sims, E. H. Lazzara & E. Salas. Trust in leadership: A multi-level review and integration. The Leadership Quarterly, 18(6), 606-632, 2007. DOI: crossref(new window)

P. F. Drucker. Management challenges for the 21st century. Burlington, MA: Elsevier Ltd