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Chemical Composition and Antiproliferative Activity of Supercritical Extract of Immature Citrus Peel in human cervical carcinoma HeLa cells
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 Title & Authors
Chemical Composition and Antiproliferative Activity of Supercritical Extract of Immature Citrus Peel in human cervical carcinoma HeLa cells
Moon, Jeong Yong; Song, YeonWoo; Hyun, Ho Bong; KimCho, Somi;
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This study was performed to investigate the antiproliferative activities of supercritical extracts from phalsak(Citrus hassaku Hort ex Tanaka) and yeagam(Citrus iyo Hort. ex Tanaka) against human cervical carcinoma HeLa cells and the chemical compositions of the extracts. The anticancer properties of supercritical extracts were demonstrated using the MTT assay and Hoechst 33342 staining and the compositional analyses were conducted by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS). The peel extracts of both species exhibited similar antiproliferative effect. The antiproliferative activity of the flesh extracts was not detected up to , whereas peel extracts of phalsak and yeagam reduced cell viability with 87.16% and 92.95% at , respectively. There was a dramatic increase of the apoptotic body formation in the cell treated with peel extracts while no apoptotic body formation detected in the cell treated with flesh extracts at 100, . By GC-MS analysis, 27 and 31 kinds of compounds identified in flesh and peel of phalsak, while 27 and 29 kinds of compounds were identified in flesh and peel of yeagam, respectively. 1,1,4,4-Tetramethyl-2-tetralone(20.86%), alloimperatorin(8.15%), limonene(11.23%), and auraptene(7.29%) were major in peel of phalsak, whereas limonene(22.19%), linalool(11.23%), and -sitosterol(9.12%) were major in peel of yeagam.
Antiproliferative activity;Apoptosis;HeLa cell;Phalsak;Supercritical Extract;Yeagam;
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