Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Effects of Upper Extremities Exercises Using Moving Surface in Sitting on the Function of Upper Extremities for the Patients with Stroke
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
The Effects of Upper Extremities Exercises Using Moving Surface in Sitting on the Function of Upper Extremities for the Patients with Stroke
Jin, Young-Mi; Song, Brian-Byung;
  PDF(new window)
The purpose of this study was to find effect of upper extremities exercises using two different supporting surface, mobile surface and fixed surface in sitting on the function of upper extremities for the patients with stroke. The study period was between July 5, 2012 and August 1 2012. The subjects were 20 subjects who were randomly divided into two groups : (1) mobile surface group, (2) fixed surface group. The mobile surface group performed bilateral upper extremities exercise sitting on balance disc, and the fixed surface group was provided fixed surface chair. Both groups performed 30 minutes 5 times per a week for 4weeks. The Manual Functional Test(MFT) and Fugl-Meyer Motor Function Assessment(FMA) was used to measure the differences of upper extremity functions before and after interventions. The results of this study were as follows. First, Both groups, mobile surface group and fixed surface group showed the significant increase(p<.05) in upper extremity function. Second, the improvements of the hand function in mobile surface group showed significant difference comparing with the group with fixed surface. Therefore, the results of this study showed the bilateral hand exercise program on mobile surface is more effective than the fixed surface bilateral hand exercise program for the patients with stroke.
Bilateral upper-extremity exercise;Fixed surface;Mobile surface;Stroke;Upper-extremity function;
 Cited by
S.Y., An, "Motor control: Theory and Dractical applications", Young Moon Publisher, 2006.

"The cause of death", 2010.

Luke., C., Dodd., K., J., & Brock., K., J, "Out Comes of the bobath concept on upper limb recovery following stroke", Clinical Rehabilitation, vol 18(8), pp. 888-898, 2004. DOI: crossref(new window)

Gowland C., Bruin de H., Basmajian V J., Plews N., Burcea lon, "Agonist and antagonist activity during voluntary upper limb movement in patients with stroke", Physther, vol 72, pp. 624-633, 1992. DOI:

McCombe Waller, S., & Whitall, J, "Fine motor control in Adults with and without chronic hemiparesis: Baseline comparison to nondisabled adults and effects of bilateral arm training", Arch Phys Med Rehabil, vol 85, pp. 1076-1083, 2004. DOI: crossref(new window)

Feys, H., M., De Weerdt, WJ., Seiz, BE., Cox Steck, GA., Spichiger, R, Wereeck, LE., Putaman, K, D., & Van Hydonck, G., A, "Effect of a therapeutic intervention for the hemiplegic upper limb in the acute phase after stroke", Stroke, vol 29, pp. 785-792, 1998. DOI: crossref(new window)

J. B., Yang, "A study on the disease-related, psychosocial and environmental factors affecting health-related quality of life of elderly stroke survivors", Graduate School of Social Welfare Sungkyunkwan University, 2009.

Sivenius J, Pyoala K, Heinonen OP, Salonen J, Riekkinen P, "The significance of rehabilitation of stroke-A controlled trial", Stroke, vol 16, pp. 928-931, 1985. DOI: crossref(new window)

Y. S., Jan, "The effect of dual task performance on the trunk contral ability and upper extremity function of patients with stroke", Dept. of Occupational Therapy Graduate School of Dong Shin University, 2012.

Van Delden AEl, Peper CE., Beek., Pj., Kwakkl G, "Unilateral Versus bilateral upper limb exercise therapy after stroke: a systematic review", J Rehabil Med, vol 44(2), pp. 106-17, 2012. DOI: crossref(new window)

Van der Burg, J. C., Van wegen, E. E., & Van Dieen, J. H, "Postural control of the trunk during unstable sitting in Pakinson's disease", Pakinsonism Relat Disord, vol 12(8), pp. 492-498, 2006. DOI: crossref(new window)

Edwards, S., "Neurological Physiotherapy: A Problem-solving approach", New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1996.

Kwakkel, G., Wagenaar, R., C., Kollen, B., J., & Lankhorst, G., J., "Predicting disability in stroke-a critical review of the literature", Age Ageing vol 26(6), pp. 479-489, 1996. DOI:

Gregory J Lehman, Trish Gordon, et al, "Replacing a swiss ball for and exercise bench causes variable changes in trunk muscle activity during upper limb strength exercise", Dynamic Medicine, vol 4(6), pp. 1-7, 2005. DOI: crossref(new window)

Akuthota V., & Nadler SF, "Core strengthening", Arch Phys Med Rehabil, vol 85(1), pp. 86-92, 2004. DOI:

Summers JJ., Kagerer F.A., Garry M,I., Hiraga C.Y., Loftus Andrea, Cauraugh J.H., "Bilateral and unilateral movement training on upper limb function in chronic stroke patients: A TMS study", Journal of the Neurological Sciences, vol 252, pp. 76-82, 2007. DOI: crossref(new window)

Kahn Leonard E., Lum peter S., Rymer W. Zev., MD, Reinkensmeyer David J., "Robot-assisted movement training for the stroke impaired arm: Does it matter what the robot does?" Journal of Rehabilitation Research Development, vol43(5), pp. 619-630, 2006. DOI: crossref(new window)

Whitall, J., McCombe Waller, S., Silver, K. H., & Macko, R. H., & Macko, R. F., "Repetitive bilateral arm training with rhythmic auditory cueing improves motor function in chronic hemiparetic stroke", Stroke, vol 31(10), pp. 2390-2395, 2000. DOI: crossref(new window)

Luft, A. R., McCombe-Waller, S., Whitall, J., Forrester, L. W., Macko, R., Sorkin, J. D., et al, "Repetitive bilateral arm training and motor cortex activation in chronic stroke: a randomized controlled trial", JAMA, vol 292(15), pp. 1853-1861, 2004. DOI: crossref(new window)

Aruin, A., S., Santos Marcio J, "Role of lateral muscles and body orientation in feedforward postural control", Exp Brain Res, vol 184(4), pp. 547-559, 2008. DOI: crossref(new window)

Hall, J., M., & Dean, C., M., Channon, E., F., "Sitting training early after stroke improves sitting ability and quality and carries over to standing up but to walking: a randomised trial", Aust J Physiother, vol 53(2), pp. 97-102, 2007. DOI: crossref(new window)

S. J., Lee, "The effects of symmetrical bilateral upper-limb training on upper-limb function & Activity of daily living for chronic hemiplegic patients", Dept. of Special Education, Dan kook university, 2010.

J. Y., Lee, J. S., Park, J., et. "The Effects of exercising on unstable surfaces on the balance ability of stroke patients", Journal of physical Therapy science, vol 23(5), pp. 789-792, 2011. DOI: crossref(new window)

Akshatha Nayak, S., Karthikbabu, K., Vijayakumar, ZK., Misri, BV., Suresh, Sailakshmi Ganeshmi Ganeshmi., et al, "Comparison of physio ball and plinth trunk exercises regimens on trunk control and functional balance in patients with acute stroke: a pilot randomized controlled trial", Clinical Rehabilitation, vol 25(8), pp. 709-719, 2011. DOI: crossref(new window)

J. H., Lee, "The effect of task-oriented movement therapy on upper motor function patterns and reorgazation of motor network for stroke patients", Dept.. of Rehabilitation Science Grauate School, Daegu University, 2002.

S. H., Jang, Y., H., Kim, S., H., Cho, J., H., Lee, J., W., Park, & Y., H., Kwon, "Cortical reorganization induced by task-oriented training in chronic hemiplegic stroke patients", Neuroreport, vol 14(1), pp. 137-141, 2003. DOI: crossref(new window)

Nakamura R., Moriyama S., "Rehabilitation manual 8: Manual Function Test(MFT) and functional occupational therapy for stroke patients", National Rehabilitation Center for the Disabled, 2000.

Fugl-Meyer, A., R., Jaasko, L., & Leyman, I., "The post-stroke hemiplegic patient", Scandinavian journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, vol 7(1), pp. 13-31, 1975.

Grade stone, D., J., Danells., C., J., & Black., S., E, "The fugl-meyer assessment of motor recovery after stroke: a critical review of its measurement properties", Neurorehhabil Neural Repair, vol 16(3), pp. 232-240, 2002. DOI: crossref(new window)

S. Y., An, "The effect of core stability exercise on function of upper extremities and activities daily of living in patients with stroke", Dept. of Physical Therapy Graduate School of Rehabilitation Health Science Yong in University, 2009.

S. H., Yu, "The effects of stability of the lower trunk strength exercise on muscle activity and the functions of the upper limbs in stroke patients", Dept. of Physical Therapy Graduate School of Dongshin University, 2008.

J. H., Lee, "The effect of dual motor task training on sitting for trunk control ability and balance in patients with chronic stroke", Dept. of physical therapy graduate school suhmyook university, 2011.

Kaminski, T., Bock, C., & Gentile, A., "The coordination between trunk and arm motion during pointing movements", Experimental Brain Research, vol 106(3), pp. 457-466, 1995. DOI: crossref(new window)