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Friedewald-Estimated Versus Directly Measured LDL-Cholesterol: KNHANES 2009-2010
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 Title & Authors
Friedewald-Estimated Versus Directly Measured LDL-Cholesterol: KNHANES 2009-2010
Jang, Sungok; Lee, Jongseok;
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Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is a major modifiable risk factor for cardio- cerebrovascular disease. In clinical practice, however, it is primarily calculated using the Friedewald formula as a cost-effective method. The aim of this study was to compare Friedewald-estimated and directly measured LDL-C values and assess the concordance in guideline LDL-C risk classification between the two methods. The data were derived from the 2009 and 2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey (KNHANES). Analysis was done for 4,319 subjects with lipid panels-total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), directly measured LDL-C using an enzymatic homogeneous assay, and triglycerides (TG). For subjects with TG lower than 400 mg/dL, Friedewald-estimated and directly measured LDL-C were highly correlated (r = 0.958, p < 0.001) and overall concordance was 82.7%. As TG increased, overall concordance decreased. Overall concordance was 85.4% at TG lower than 150 mg/dL; 78.2% at TG of 150-199 mg/dL; and 71.4% at TG of 200-399 mg/dL. The Friedewld equation tended to overestimate LDL-C when TG are of < 150 mg/dL; however, underestimate LDL-C when TG are of . As a result, Friedewald estimation misclassified 382 subjects (9.1%) in a higher category versus 348 subjects (8.3%) in a lower category. Our findings suggest that overestimation of LDL-C by the Friedewald formula can be a great problem as well as underestimation.
Friedewald formula;Homogeneous assay;LDL-cholesterol;Validation;
 Cited by
Prevalence and Management of Dyslipidemia Among Korean Adults: KNHANES 2010-2012, Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 2015, 16, 11, 7978  crossref(new windwow)
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