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Aquatic exercise for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review & meta analysis
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 Title & Authors
Aquatic exercise for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review & meta analysis
Kim, Young-il; Choi, Hyo-Shin; Han, Jung-haw; Kim, Juyoung; Kim, Gaeun;
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This study was a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing the effects of aquatic exercise and land-based exercise in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis. 7 studies (n=449) met selection and exclusion criteria out of 287 potential studies obtained from the literature search via Ovid-Medline, Cochrane Library CENTRAL, CINAHL, RISS and KISS. The overall risk of bias of selected studies using SIGN (Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network) checklist for randomized controlled trials (RCT) was regarded as low. As a result of meta analysis, Standardized Mean Difference (SMD) for pain was -0.26(95% CI -0.49, -0.03, p=0.03, ), which implies that aquatic exercise groups had significant less pain than land-based exercise groups. On the other hand, there was no significant difference between aquatic exercise groups and land based exercise groups for flexion Range of Motion (ROM) (-0.12, 95% CI -0.51, 0.27, p=0.53, ), extension ROM (-0.04, 95% CI -0.55, 0.48, p=0.89, ), physical function (-0.12, 95% CI -0.44, 0.19, p=0.44, ), Quality of Life (QOL) (-0.15, 95% CI -0.54, 0.24, p=0.46, ). This study has some limitations due to few RCTs comparing aquatic exercise groups and land-based exercise groups in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis. Therefore, further RCTs should be conducted along with long-term outcomes.
Exercise;Aquatic;Knee Osteoarthritis;Meta-Analysis;Systematic Review;
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