Hubert HB, Feinleib M, Mcnamara PM, Castelli WP. Obesity as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease: A 26-year follow up of participants in the Framingham Heart study. Circulation, 67:968-97, 1983. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.CIR.67.5.968
Kopelman. Obesity as a medical problem. Nature, 404:635-43, 2000.
Hsieh SD, Yoshinaga H. Abdominal fat distribution and coronary heart disease risk factors in men-wasit/height ratio as a simple and useful predictor. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 19:585-589, 1995.
Ko GTC, Chan JCN, Woo J, Lau E et al. Simple anthropometric indexes and cardiovascular risk factors in Chinese. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord, 21:99, 1997. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0800508
Dyer AR, Stamler J, Shekelle RB. Relative weight and blood pressure in four Chicago epidemiologic studies. J Chronic Dis, 35:897-908, 1982. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0021-9681(82)90084-4
Baumgartner RN, Roche AF, Chumlea WC. Fatness and far patterns: Associations with plasma lipids and blood pressures in adults, 18 to 57 years of age. Am J Epidemiol 126(4):614-628, 1987.
Hartz AJ, Rupley DC, Kalkohoff RD. Relationship of obesity to diabetes: influence of obesity level and body fat distribution. Prev Med, 12:351-357, 1983. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0091-7435(83)90244-X
Curb JD, Marcus EB. Body fat, coronary heart disease, and stroke in Japanese men. Am J Clin Nutr, 53:1612S-1615S, 1991.
Chan JM, Rimm EB, Colditz GA. Obesity, fat distribution and weight gain as risk factors for clinical diabetes in men. Diabetes Care, 17:961-969, 1994. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/diacare.17.9.961
Lew EA, Garfinkel L. Variations in mortality by weight among 750,000 men and women. J Chronic Dis, 32:563-576, 1979. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0021-9681(79)90119-X
Solomon CG, Manson JE. Obeity and mortality: review of the epidemiologic data. Am J Clin Nutr 66(4):1044S-1050S, 1997.
Manson JE, Stampfer MJ, Hemmekens CH. body weight and longevity. A reassessment. JAMA, 257:353-358, 1987. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.257.3.353
Yao C-H, Slattery MI, Jacobs DR. Anthropometric predictors of coronary heart disease and total mortality: findings from the US Railroad Study. Am J Epidemiol, 134:1278-1289, 1991.
Ministry for Health Welfare and Family Affairs. Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey - 2012, Ministry for Health Welfare and Family Affairs. 2013.
Conner SL. The effect of age, body weight and family relationships on plasma lipoproteins and lipids in man, woman and children of randomly selected families. Circulation, 65:1290-1298, 1982. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.CIR.65.7.1290
Nakura I. Relationship between change in body mass index and blood pressure in urban residents. Japan J Public Health, 52(7):607-617, 2005.
Park YJ, Lee WC, Yim HW, Park YM. The association between sleep and obesity in Korean adults. Korean J Prev Med, 40(6):454-460, 2007. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2007.40.6.454
Lee SH, Hwang JS, Park HS. Prediction of adolescence overweight from childhood body mass index-7 year retrospective study of suburban school children-. J Korean Acad Fam Med, 24:642-647, 2003.
Lee SL, Lee KY, Park TJ, et al. The lifestyle associated with weight gain and persistent =ver weight for 2 years among hospital workers. J Korean Acad Fam Med, 26(11):680-685, 2005.
Kim KB, Ji CA, Kim CS, et al. Lifestyle in relation to increase in weight in Korean middle-aged men, J Korean Acad Fam Med, 29:102-107, 2008.
WHO. The Asia-Pacific Perspective: Redefining Obesity and Its Treatment. Sydney, Australia, Health Communications Australia Pty Ltd, 2000
Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR, Cushman WC, Green LA, Izzo JL Jr, et al. Seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Hypertension, 42(6):1206-1252, 2003. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.HYP.0000107251.49515.c2
Andrew LD, Robert JG, William BK. Incidence of hypertension in the Framingham study (Framingham offspring Study). Pre Med, 16:235-251, 1987. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0091-7435(87)90087-9
Alan R, Dyer, Paul Elliott. On behalf of the INTERASALT Co-operative Research Group. The INTERSALT study: Relations of body mass index and blood pressure. J of Human Hypertension, 3:299-308, 1989.
Mark LL, Adrienne C, William K, et al. Hihh-normal blood pressure progression to hypertension in the Framingham heart study. Hypertension, 17:22-27, 1991. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.HYP.17.1.22
Miura K. Predictors of the development of hypertension: ten year follow-up study in a community. Japan J Public Health, 39(8):456-465, 1992.
Idzuno T, Yoshida K, Sugita M, et al. Significance of high normal blood pressure in occupational health care. Japan J Public Health, 43(1):3-8, 1996.
Suka M, Sugimori H, Iida Y, Yoshida K. Risk factors for hypertension a longitudinal study of middle-aged Japanese male workers. Japanese J of Public Health, 48(7):543-550, 2001.
Park KR, Cho YC. The association of blood pressures and blood biochemical properties with BMI in health checkup examinees. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial Cooperation Society, 12(7):3072-3081, 2011. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2011.12.7.3072
Sasaki M, Inagaki S, Fujii T, Toshinai K, Nakao C, Ueya E, Koseki S, Sato y, Haga S. Blood biochemical properties in male workers analysed according to body type. Japan Society for Occupational Health, 39:178-183, 1997.
Fukui A. Relationship between obesity, total plasma cholesterol and blood pressure in male adults. Japan Soc Occup Health, 119-124, 2000.
Yamagishi K, Hosoda T, Sairenchi T, Mori K, Tomita H, Nishimura A, Tanigawa T, Iso H. Body mass index and subsequent risk of hypertension, diabetes and hypercholesterolemia in population-based sample of Japanese. Japan J Publ Health, 50(11):1050-1057, 2003.
Ishikawa-Takata K, Ohta T, Moritaki K. Obesity, weight change, and risk for hypertension, diabetes, and hypercholesterolemia in Japanese men. Eur J Clin Nutr, 56:601-607, 2002. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601364
Huang Z, Walter CW, JoAnn EM, et al. Body weight, weight change, and risk for hypertension in women. Ann Intern Med, 12:81-87, 1998. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-128-2-199801150-00001