Statistics Korea. http://kostat.go.kr. (accessed March, 1, 2011)
B. K. Kim, Y. J. Ha, S. S. Choi. "A Vertical Study on the Factors Which are Influenced on Depression of the Aged: Focusing on Physical.Psychological.Social Factors", Journal of the Korean Gerontological Society, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 115-132, 2014.
C. H. Shin. "The Study on Effects of Objective Life Attributes on Depression of Elderly Mediated by Life-satisfaction", Journal of the Korean Gerontological Society, Vol. 30, No. 2, pp. 453-469, 2010.
Beck, A. T., Epstein, N., Brown, G., Steer, R. A. "An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: psychometric properties" Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 56, pp. 893-89, 1988. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.56.6.893
Lenze, E. J., Wetherell, J. L. "A lifespanview ofanxietydisorders", Dialoguesin Clinical Neuroscience, Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 381-399, 2011.
J. Y. Lim. "A Study on the Development of Korean Elderly's Anxiety Scale", Journal of Family Relations, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 187-203, 2014.
Allgulander, C., Lavori, P.W. "Causes of death among 936 elderly patients with 'pure' anxiety neurosis in Stockholm County, Sweden, and in patients with depressive neurosis or both diagnoses", Compr Psychiatry, Vol. 34, No. 5, pp. 299-302, 1993. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0010-440X(93)90014-U
J. A. Kang, J. S. Kim. "The Relationship between Stress and Successful Aging among the Korean Elderly: The Role of Emotional Regulation Difficulties and Meaning of Life", Journal of the Korean Gerontological Society, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 151-168, 2014.
H. S. Kim, B. S. Kim. "Verification of the Structural Relationship Model of Suicidal Ideation to Its Related Variables". Korean journal of counseling and psychology, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 201-219, 2008.
K. R. Shin, J. S. Kim. "A Study on the Relationship between Stress and Depression in Elderly Women", Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 29-37, 2003.
Phillips, A. C., Carroll, D., Der, G. "Negative life events and symptoms of depression and anxiety: stress causation and/or stress generation", Anxiety Stress Coping, Vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 357-71, 2015. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10615806.2015.1005078
M. S. Kim, "Comparison of the facilities for senior citizens in Australia, New Zealand and Korea", Unpublished master thesis, The Graduate School of Kyungwoon University of Gumi, 2004.
Korean Dictionary; 'New Zealand', http://ko.wikipedia.org, Retrieved December 1, 2014.
W. M. Kang, "The Politics of Welfare State Retrenchment and New Zealand's Superannuation Reform", Korea Social Policy Review, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 49-82, 2013. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17000/kspr.20.1.201303.49
Lovibond, P. F., Lovibond, S. H. "The structure of negative emotional states: comparison of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) with the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories.", Behav Res Ther., Vol. 33, No. 3, pp. 335-43, 1995. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0005-7967(94)00075-U
Rowe, J. W., Kahn, R. L. "Human aging: usual and successful", Science, 237(4811): 143-149; 1987 Jul 10; Review. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.3299702
H. G. Kang, S. K. Park, B. Y. Kim, J. E. Lee, E. J. Jang. "Comparative Study on Welfare Service Management System -With Special Focus on Australia, New Zealand and the UK-", Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, 2011. http://repository.kihasa.re.kr:8080/handle/201002/7894
A Report of KIHASA, 2012. 6. 21. https://www.kihasa.re.kr/html/jsp/kihasa/news/event/view.jsp?bid=20&ano=426&keyfield=&key=&page=10. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
A. R. Eom. "A Study of the Influencing Factors on Depression in the Elderly Women Living Alone", Unpublished master thesis, The Graduate School of University of Seou, 2012.
H. J. Lee, S. K. Kahng, J. Y. Lee. "The Effects of Socioeconomic Position and Health Behavior on Geriatric Depressive Symptom", Journal of the Korean Gerontological Society, Vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 1129-1145, 2008.
O. N. Kim. "The Old's Health, Social Support and Depression in Rural Community", Korean Journal of Family Welfare, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 5-22, 2003.
K. S. Oh. "Geriatic Anxiety Disorder", Journal of Korean Geriatirc Psychiatry, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 61-64, 2006.
Y. J. Lee, T. H. Kim. "A study on the buffering effect of social support on the stress of the elderly who lives alone", J Korea Gerontol Soc, Vol. 3, pp. 79-93, 1999.
J. Y. Lim, G. Y. Jeon. "A Study of Variables Influencing Subjective Well-being in the Elderly", Journal of the Korean Gerontological Society, Vol. 32, No. 1, pp. 257-272, 2012.
M. K. Jung, K. M. Lee. "A Path Analysis of Stress, Depression, Optimism, and Resilience in the Elderly", Journal of the Korean Gerontological Society, Vol. 30, No. 2, pp. 629-642, 2010.
K. E. Park, M. H. Kwon, Y. E. Kwon. " Correlation among Depression, Death Anxiety, and Quality of Life of Aged Women ", Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, Vol. 27, No. 3, pp. 527-538, 2013. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.3.527
Krause, N. M. "Stressful events and life satisfaction among elderly men and women", J Gerontol., Vol. 46, No. 2, pp. 84-92, 1991. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/geronj/46.2.S84
Harwood, D. M., Hawton, K., Hope, T, Harriss L., Jacoby, R. "Life problems and physical illness as risk factors for suicide in older people: a descriptive and case-control study", Psych Med, Vol. 36, No. 9, pp. 1265-74, Epub 2006.