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Development and Evaluation of Separation Anxiety Scale for Mothers Using Child Care Facilities
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 Title & Authors
Development and Evaluation of Separation Anxiety Scale for Mothers Using Child Care Facilities
Cha, Hyo Sung; Ko, Jihyun; Lee, Kyoung Ju; Choi, Aelee; Lee, Gunjung;
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The aim of this study was to develop and validate an instrument to measure the separation anxiety of mothers who use child care facilities. The scale was developed as follows: initial items generated, validity and reliability tests performed, and final items extracted. The initial items were developed through a literature review and interviews. The content validity was verified by five experts. Using a final questionnaire, the data was collected from 204 mothers who used child care facilities with a convenient sampling method. The construct validity was evaluated by item analysis, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. The results of confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses showed that the separation anxiety consisted of 6 factors: the mother`s guilty feelings (5-items), safety of child care facilities (5-items), trust of teachers (5-items), child`s anxiety (4-items), interaction anxiety with the child (4-items), and management of child care facilities (3-items). The separation anxiety scale for mothers using child care facilities consisted of 26 items. The reliability of the developed scale was examined. The Cronbach`s coefficient was 0.93. These results show that this scale is a valid and reliable instrument for measuring the separation anxiety level of mothers who use child care facilities.
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