Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Comparison of Biological Markers and Lifestyle Factors on the Presence of Diabetes Mellitus in Middle-aged adults
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Comparison of Biological Markers and Lifestyle Factors on the Presence of Diabetes Mellitus in Middle-aged adults
Keum, Hye-Sun; Suh, Soon-Rim;
  PDF(new window)
This study examined the effects of the biological markers and lifestyle factors on the presence of diabetes in middle-aged adults. A total of 5,363 adults aged 40-64 years were recruited from the 2010-2012 Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, ANCOVA and logistic regression. The results were as follows. The body mass index was significantly higher in the prediabetes and diabetes group than in the normal group. Hypertension, abdominal obesity, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, smoking, drinking, and carbohydrate intake were significantly different among three groups. Hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, abdominal obesity, body mass index and drinking were the influencing biological markers and lifestyle factors in prediabetes. The significant factors influencing diabetes were hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, abdominal obesity, body mass index, and smoking. Overall, the development of intervention programs for effective diabetes prevention in middle-aged adults by lifestyle modification of hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemia, drinking, and smoking is recommended.
Biological markers;Diabetes mellitus;Life style;Middle-aged adults;
 Cited by
Y. P. Park, N. H. Kim, "The Relationship between Physical Activity and Insulin Resistance in the Middle-aged Adults", Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science, Vol.13, No.3, pp. 245-252, 2011.

F. B. Hu, "Globalization of Diabetes: The Role of Diet, Lifestyle and Genes", Diabetes Care, Vol.34, No.6, pp. 1249-1257, 2011. DOI: crossref(new window)

O. J. Lee, "Korean Diabetes and Guidelines for Classification; Materials and Specimens of Diabetes Screening", The Journal of Korean Diabetes Association, Vol.2006, No.1, pp. 144-148, 2006.

Korean Diabetes Association, Diabetes Facts Sheet in Korea 2013 [Internet], Korean Diabetes Research Foundation, [cited 2013 December], Available from: 2013111.pdf (accessed July, 25, 2015)

A. G. Tabak, C. Herder, W. Rathmann, E. J. Brunner, M. Kivimaki, "Prediabetes: A High-risk State for Developing Diabetes", NIH Public Access Author Manuscript, Vol.379, No.9833, pp. 2279-2290, 2012.

O. H. Jong, S. J. Ko, E. J. Park, J. A. Jeon, N. H. Lee, J. H. Choi, J. A. Lee, Y. S. Lee, D. E. Kim, J. W. Kwon, S. J. Son, "The Current Status of Life-style related Diseases and Policy Directions", Research Report. Seoul: The Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs(KIHASA), December, Report No.2014-09, 2014.

C. H. Kim, "Role of Exercise in Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes", The Journal of Korean Diabetes, Vol.12, No.1, pp. 29-32, 2011. DOI: crossref(new window)

K. Z. Walker, K. O'Dea, M. Gomez, S. Girgis, R. Colagiuri, "Diet and Exercise in the Prevention of Diabetes", Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, Vol.23, No.4, pp. 344-352, 2010. DOI: crossref(new window)

L. C. Weng, N. J. Lee, W. T. Yeh, L. T. Ho, W. H. Pan, "Lower Intake of Magnesium and Dietary Fiber Increases the Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes in Taiwanese", Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Vol.111, pp. 651-659, 2012. DOI: crossref(new window)

Y. M. Choi, J. H. Lee, J. S. Han, "Effects of Vitamin D and Calcium Intervention on the Improvement of Resistance in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus", Korean Diabetes Journal, Vol.33, pp. 324-334, 2009. DOI: crossref(new window)

A. Maiorana, G. O'Driscoll, C. Goodman, R. Taylor, D. Green, "Combined Aerobic and Resistance Exercise Improves Glycemic Control and Fitness in Type 2 Diabetes", Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, Vol.56, No.2, pp. 115-123, 2002. DOI: crossref(new window)

A. L. Han, S. R. Shin, H. R. Park, "Lifestyles and Cardiovascular Factors of Diabetic Patients", The Journal of Korean Diabetes, Vol.16, No.1, pp. 56-64, 2015. DOI: crossref(new window)

M. R. Kim, "Relationship between Individuals' Dietary Intake, Dietary Habits and Lifestyle and Transition of Pre-diabetes to Diabetes Mellitus", Master's Thesis, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, 2014.

Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, The Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES V) [Internet], Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, [cited 2014 January 3], Available from: (accessed July, 23, 2015)

Korean Diabetes Association. Treatment Guideline for Diabetes 2013 [Internet], Korean Diabetes Association, [cited 2013 December 4], Available from: (accessed July, 24, 2015)

H. J. Lee, "Hypertension; Epidemiology of Hypertension in Diabetic Patients, the Cause and Pathogenesis", The Journal of Korean Diabetes, Vol.5, No.3, pp. 220-224, 2004.

Korean Society for the Study of Obesity, Treatment Guideline for Obesity 2012 [Internet], [cited 2014 June 12], Available from: (accessed July, 25, 2015)

S. N. Nam, J. B. Park, H. J. Lee, "Effects of Abdominal Circumference, Blood Lipids and Blood Pressure According to Diabetes with VO2peak", Journal of Korea Contents Association, Vol.12, No.12, pp. 363-371, 2012. DOI: crossref(new window)

J. H. Kim, H. S. Kwon, Y. M. Park, S. Y. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Lee, D. J. Lim, S. H. Hong, J. H. Cho, S. R. Kim, D. S. Kim, "Best Surrogate Marker for Insulin Resistance in Middle Aged Non-diabetic Korean: Chungju Metabolic Syndrome Study", The Korean Journal of Medicine, Vol.7, No.36, pp. 611-617, 2007.

Y. E. Lee, J. E. Park, J. Y. Hwang, W. Y. Kim, "Comparison of Health Risks According to the Obesity Types Based upon BMI and Waist Circumference in Korean Adults: The 1998-2005 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys", The Korean Journal of Nutrition, Vol.42, No.7, pp. 631-638, 2009. DOI: crossref(new window)

K. S. Kim, "The Influencing Factors Associated with Glycemic Control among Adults Diabetes Patients", Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, Vol.16, No.5, pp. 3284-3292, 2015. crossref(new window)

M. Y. Noh, "Quality of Carbohydrate and Diabetes Mellitus", The Journal of Korean Diabetes, Vol.15, No.2, pp. 104-110, 2014. DOI: crossref(new window)

N. W. Hur, H. C. Kim, C. M. Nam, S. H. Jee, H. C. Lee, I. Suh, "Smoking Cessation and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Korea Medical Insurance Corporation Study", European Journal Cardiovascular Prevention Rehabilitation, Vol.14, pp. 244-249, 2007. DOI: crossref(new window)

K. H. Nguyen, J. H. Lee, B. L. Gregoire Nyomba, "Ethanol Causes Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and Impairment of Insulin Secretion in Pancreatic ${\beta}$-cells", Alcohol, Vol.46, No.1, pp. 89-99, 2012. DOI: crossref(new window)

A. E. Bantle, W. Thomas, J. P. Bantle, "Metabolic Effects of Alcohol in the Form of Wine in Persons with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus", Metabolism, Vol.57, pp. 241-245, 2008. DOI: crossref(new window)

M. Senechal, J. Slaght, N. Bharti, D. R. Bouchard, "Independent and Combined Effect of Diet and Exercise in Adults with Prediabetes", Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy, Vol.7, pp. 512-529, 2014.