Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Assessment of Elderly`s Isokinetic Muscle Function, Flexibility and Balance in a Region of Seoul
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Assessment of Elderly`s Isokinetic Muscle Function, Flexibility and Balance in a Region of Seoul
Kim, Suk-Won; Sohn, Jee-Hoon;
  PDF(new window)
The aim of the present study was to compare the strength, balance, and flexibility across two age groups (older adults vs. young adults). The isokinetic muscle function, ankle ROM, trunk forward flexibility, stability, and antropometric data for the elderly and 46 university students were collected. The results indicated that male older adults possessed relatively low flexibility (2.97cm) among the groups and showed better stability in the right foot than in the left foot and of plantar flexion ROM, which was not in the normal range. Their peak strength at the knee joint was below 50% of their counterpart. They revealed a hamstring deficit of 18.55%, ankle eversion deficit of 23.08%, and ankle inversion deficit of 19.19%. The results indicated that female older adults possessed comparable flexibility compared to female young adults. The reciprocal muscle strength ratio of both knees was under 50%, and the deficit was 14.32% (extension) and 19.73% (flexion). The ankle plantar flexion peak torque was approximately 62% (left) and 73% (right) of WS`s. The ankle dorsi flexion deficit was 25.05% and the plantar flexion was 26.86%. The eversion deficit was 19.97% and the inversion was 21.09%. These results will be significant in establishing an elderly fitness enhancement program and policy.
Balance;Elderly;Isokinetic muscle assessment;Muscle imbalance;ROM;
 Cited by
The Development of Rhythmic Balance Training Equipment and its Effect on Performance for Elderly,;;;;

한국운동역학회지, 2016. vol.26. 3, pp.323-331 crossref(new window)
The Development of Rhythmic Balance Training Equipment and its Effect on Performance for Elderly, Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics, 2016, 26, 3, 323  crossref(new windwow)
J. H. Sohn, J. W. Park. "Proposal on sports sharing business: Community service program for senior (elderly) employees working for small and medium sized companies", The Official Journal of the Korean Association of Certified Exercise Professionals, Vol.14, No.2, pp. 147-155, 2012.

Statistics Korea, Population Projection Class, Korean Statistical Information Service, 2015,, 2015.12.

K. J. Choi, B. G. GO, H. S. Song, K. J. Kim, S. J. Park, J. H. Cho, K. O. Yi, S. Y. Shin, J. H. Park, G. S. Lee. "The Development of Physical Fitness Test Battery and Evaluation Criteria of it for Korean Elderly Person", The Korean Journal of Measurement and Evaluation in Physical Education and Sport Science, Vol.16, No.3, pp. 15-29, 2014.

R. H. Lim. The silver stretching program development and effectiveness analysis of the elderly's health change. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis. Myongji University, 2007.

S. B. Kim. Influence that aqua exercise for elderly females has on physical fitness and gait ability. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis. Seoul National University, 2009.

S. J. Lee. An application effect of rhythmic movement program for the health promotion in the elderly. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis. Kyung hee University, 2000.

K. R. Shin, S. J. Shin, J. S. Kim, J. Y. Kim. "The effects of fall prevention program on knowledge, self-efficacy, and preventive activity related to fall, and depression of low-income elderly women", Journal of Korean Acade MS of Nursing, Vol.35, No.1, pp. 104-112, 2005. crossref(new window)

E. Y. Park, J. H. Lee. "The Effect of Complex Exercise Program for Prevention of Falls on Fitness in Elderly", Exercise Science, Vol.14, No.2, pp. 181-192, 2005.

D. P. Schoenfelder, L. M. Rubenstein. "An exercise program to improve fall-related outcomes in elderly nursing home residents", Applied Nursing Research, Vol.17, No.1, pp. 21-31, 2004. DOI: crossref(new window)

K. C. Moylan, E. F. Binder. "Falls in older adults: risk assessment, management and prevention", The American Journal of Medicine, Vol.120, No.6, pp. 491-497, 2007. DOI:

H. J. Choi, K. I. Lim, T. W. Jun. "The study of isokinetic muscle power, flexibility, static balance and dynamic reaction time according to the frequence of fall down in elderly women", Journal of Korean Physical Education Association for Girls and Women, Vol.21, No.3, pp. 55-64, 2007.

W. C. Chou, M. E. Tinetti, M. B. King, K. Irwin, R. H. Fortinsky. "Perceptions of physicians on the barriers and facilitators to integrating fall risk evaluation and management into practice", Journal of general internal medicine, Vol.21, No.1, pp. 117-122, 2006. DOI: crossref(new window)

S. C. Sung, H. S. Kim, M. G. Lee. "Comparative analysis of physical fitness Levels between elderly farmers and urban dwellers", Exercise science, Vol.20, No.2, pp. 159-168, 2013.

H. G. An, J. R. Kim, J. S. Kim. "Comparison of the Range of Motion between Exercising Elderly and Non-exercising Elderly", Journal of Ergonomics Society of Korea, pp. 166-172, 2006.

R. H. Whipple, L. I. Wolfson, P. M. Amerman. "The relationship of knee and ankle weakness to falls in nursing home residents: an isokinetic study", Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol.35, No.1, pp. 13-20, 1987. DOI: crossref(new window)

W. Y. So, M. S. Song, Y. H. Park, B. L. CHO, J. Y. Lim, S. H. Kim, W. Song. "Body composition, fitness level, anabolic hormones, and inflammatory cytokines in the elderly: a randomized controlled trial", Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, Vol.25, No.2, pp. 167-174, 2013. DOI: crossref(new window)

J. H. Kim, M. G. Choi, J. J. Kim. "Recently optimum exercise index development of the aged who 10 th for aged physical strength management exercise programresearch trend analysis", The Official Journal of the Korean Association of Certified Exercise Professionals, Vol.9, No.1, pp. 39-47, 2007.

Perrin, D. H. (1993). Isokinetic exercise and assessment. Human Kinetics.

J. H. Sohn. The effect of muscle imbalance on motion of squat. Unpublished Master's Thesis. Seoul National University, 2009.

S. M. Yang. Balance difference between visual disability and normal people. Unpublished Master's Thesis. Keimyung University, 2009.

J. S. Kim. Physical fitness and correlation between lower leg isokinetic function and bone mineral density on elderly women. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis. Dankook University, 2012.

N. McCrtney, R. S. McKelvie, J. Martin, D. G. Sale, J. D. MacDougall. "Weight-training-induced attenuation of the circulatory response of older males to weight lifting", Journal of applied physiology, Vol.74, No.3, pp. 1056-1060, 1993. crossref(new window)

H. S. Bang. The effects of gradual resistance exercise and walking and detraining on fall-related fitness and isokinetic muscular function in the female elderly. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis. Chang-Won National University, 2008.

J. A. Balogun, K. A. Akindele, J. O. Nihinlola, D. K. Marzouk. "Age-related changes in balance performance", Disability and Rehabilitation, Vol.16, No.2, pp. 58-62, 1994. DOI: crossref(new window)

W. H. Lee. "The influence of ankle strategy exercise on equilibrium ability in women of octogenarians". The journal of Korean academy of physical therapy science, Vol.17, No.1, pp. 67-76, 2010.

M. An. "The effect of ankle strengthening exercise who old man have fall down experiencde on pain, ROM and balance ability". The journal of Korean academy of physical therapy science, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 79-86, 2011.

B. Y. Kim. The effect of water exercise on old women's physical fitness for health and range of joint. Unpublished Master's Thesis. Pukyung National University, 2013.

H. S. Park. The effects of three stretching techniques on the range of motion in elders. Unpublished Master's Thesis. Ewha Womans University, 2001.

S. H. Cha, W. W. Kim, M. Y. Y. "Proposal on sports sharing business: Effects of training mode on range of motion and isokinetic muscle function during ankle rehabilitation", Health and Sports Medicine, Vol.11, No.1, pp. 43-52, 2009.

D. Wathen. Muscle balance. Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning, pp. 424-430, 1994.

M. E. Daubney, E. G. Culham. "Lower-extremity muscle force and balance performance in adults aged 65 years and older", Physical therapy, Vol.79, No.12, pp. 1177-1185, 1999.

S. B. Kim. Effects of the exercise program for the elderly -using elastic band-. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis. Chosun University, 2007.

S. H. Kim. "Effects of Elastic-band Exercise on Physical Fitness for Activities of Daily Living, Muscle Mass and Pain in Elderly", Journal of Coaching Development, Vol.14, No.1, pp. 67-77, 2012.

S. Y. Lim, S. J. KIM, S. H. HUR, K. J. An, J. S. Lee. "The effect of regular aquatic exercise on balance capacity, physical fitness and performance level, and muscular activity in elderly women arthritis patients", Journal of Korean Physical Education Association for Girls and Women, Vol.28, No.1, pp. 37-54, 2014.

J. H. Moon, J. S. Oak, W. Y. Park. "The effect of 12 week exercise program on muscle fitness, flexibility and balance in the fall down female elderly", Exercise Science, Vol.13, No.1, pp. 77-86, 2004.

K. J. Lee, S. J. Kim, C. H. Song. "Effects of Cognitive Task Balance Training using BIORescue Program on Static Balance, Dynamic Balance and Visual Perception in Elderly", Journal of Special Education & Rehabilitation Science, Vol.51, No.1, pp. 211-229, 2012.