Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Hand washing and Preventive Measures for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Hand washing and Preventive Measures for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus
Lim, So-Hee;
  PDF(new window)
Recently, hand washing has been emphasized as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS) threatened public health. This study aimed to prevent MERS by hand washing frequency and analyzed the relationship between hand washing behavior and trait anxiety, locus of control and health promotion behavior. In this study, 314 nursing students participated in a survey where they could indicate what they did and the frequency of hand washing for preventing MERS. They also responded to questions related to the trait anxiety, locus of control, and health promotion behavior. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression. The frequency of hand washing was highest among the measures that the participants used and it was significantly related to the participants who reported high scores for the importance of hand washing. In addition, the importance of hand washing was impacted by the internal locus of control. Most nursing students who participated the survey acknowledged that hand washing was the most important method for preventing MERS. Therefore, it is important to educate people on the importance of hand washing and pay attention to personal characteristics, such as internal locus of control to promote hand-washing.
Hand washing;Health promotion behavior;Locus of control;Trait anxiety;
 Cited by
The Convergence Study on Anxiety, Knowledge, Infection Possibility, Preventive Possibility and Preventive Behavior Level of MERS in Nursing Students, Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, 2016, 7, 3, 59  crossref(new windwow)
Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention

Y. H. Park. "The political agenda of the health care system reform to prevent public health emergency in post middle east respiratory syndrome epidemic." Health Policy and Management. 25(2), pp.63-66, 2015. DOI: crossref(new window)

B. D. Choi. "Geography of MERS outbreak and politics of bio-power." Space and Environment. 25(3), pp.173-192, 2015.

J. H. Kim, D. H. Byeon, M. J. Kim, S. S. Sim, H. S. Choo, G. J. Chai, C. Y. Gawk. "Handwashing and preventive measures for new types of influenza." Journal of Korean Biology Nursing Science. 13(1), pp.16-22, 2011.

D. Korczak, S. Christine. "Medical and health economic evaluation of prevention-and control measures related to MRSA infections or-colonizations at hospitals." GMS health technology assessment. 16(6), 2010. DOI: crossref(new window)

CDC. Guideline for hand hygiene in health care settings. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 51, 2002.

J. S. Jeong, J. K. Choi, I. S. Jeong, K. R. Park, H. K. Ihn, K. D. Park. "A nationwide survey on the hand washing behavior and awareness." Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health. 40(30), pp.197-204, 2007. DOI: crossref(new window)

J. S. Jeong, J. H. Choi, S. H. Lee, Y. S. Kim. "Hand hygiene effects measured by hand culture in intensive care unit." The Journal of Biological Nursing Science. 5(2), pp.21-30, 2003.

H. Y. So, H. L. Kim, E. S. Choi. "Determinants of health behavior of highschool and vocational highschool students." The Journal of Korean Community Nursing. 7(1), pp.118-128, 1996.

N. J. Pender. Health promotion in nursing practice, New York: Appleton Century-Crofts. 1982.

R. L. Lee, A. Y. Loke. "Health promoting behaviors and psychological wellbeing of university students in Hong Kong." Public Health Nursing. 22(3), pp.209-220, 2005. DOI: crossref(new window)

A. Steptoe, D. Phil, J. & Wardle. "Trends in smoking, diet, physical exercise and attitude toward on health in European university students from 13 countries." Preventive Medicine. 35, pp.97-104, 2002. DOI: crossref(new window)

K. A. Wallston, B. S. Wallstone, R. DeVellis. "Development of the multi-dimensional health locus of control scale." Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology. 44, pp.580-585, 1978. DOI:

R. Kim, I. S. Park. "The relationship between health locus of control and health promoting behaviors in nursing students." Journal of Korean Academy Society Nursing Education. 12(2), pp.162-169, 2006.

B. J. Lowery. "Misconceptions and Limitations of Locus of Control and I-E Scale." Nurs Res. 30(5), pp.294-298, 1981. DOI:

C. D. Spielberger. "The nature & measurement of anxiety." Cross-cultural anxiety. 1, pp.3-12, 1976.

S. H. Kim, H. J. Lee. "Effects of supportive nursing care program on hip function, anxiety and uncertainty for patients with total hip arthropathy." Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research. 19(3), pp.419-341, 2013.

K. S. Han, G. M. Kim. "Comparison to self esteem, family adaptation, health promoting behaviors, and symptoms of stress between nursing and other major university women student." Journal of Korean Academy Psychology Mental Health Nursing. (16)1, pp.78-84, 2007.

S. I. Choi, J. W. Yoon, "Student on the Recognition and Performance of Nursing Student' Hand Washing", Korean Journal of Nosocomial Infection Control. 13(2), pp.97-104, 2008.

G. L Kim, E. S Choi, "Recognition and performance for management of nosocomial infection among student nurse in Seoul." The Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing. 11(3), pp.232-240, 2005.

K. Y. Park. "Influences of Perceived Behavior Control and Self-efficacy on Proper Hand Cleansing and Hand Washing Practices among Pre-practicum Nursing Students." The Journal of Korean Academy Fundamental Nursing. 19(3), pp.313-321, 2012. DOI: crossref(new window)

I. S. Ko, K. S. Kang, I. J. Song, J. H. Park, S. Y. Youk. "Attitudes toward, and Practice of Hand Washing by Student Nurses in Clinical Practice." The Journal of Korean Academy Fundamental Nursing. (2), pp.65-179, 2002.

H. S. Choi. "Comparison of hygiene behavior between college students and adult." Asia-pacific Journal of Multimedia Services Convergent with Art, Humanities, and Sociology. 5(4), pp.315-332, 2015. DOI:

W. C. Lee. "Post-MERS: The strategies to minimize the risks from new epidemics." Journal of Korean Medical Association. 58(8), pp.689-691, 2015. DOI: crossref(new window)

J. W. Choi, K. H. Kim, Y. M. Cho, S. H. Kim. "Current epidemiological situation of middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus clusters and implications for public health response in south korea." Journal of Korean Medical Association. 58(6), pp.487-497, 2015. DOI: crossref(new window)

R. V. Margalet. Fundamentals of patient centered nursing, 3rd ed. CV Mosby, 1972.

H. J. Cho. A study on the relationship between trait anxiety and date anxiety of the admitted old ages. Chosun University, Unpublished master's Thesis, Pusan, 2003.

M. Y. Park. A study on influencing factors in health promoting lifestyles of college students. Seoul National University, Unpublished master's Thesis, Seoul, 1993.

I. S. Park. A study on the factors affecting health promoting lifestyles. Pusan National University, Unpublished master's Thesis, Pusan, 1995.

D. S. Bailis, A. Segall, J. G. Chipperfield. "Age, relative autonomy and change in health locus of control beliefs: A longitudinal study of members of a health-promotion facility." Journal of Health Psychology. 15, pp.326-338, 2010. DOI: crossref(new window)