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Efficiency of concentrating marine microplanktonic organisms using net sampler to verify the efficacy of a ship's ballast water treatment system
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 Title & Authors
Efficiency of concentrating marine microplanktonic organisms using net sampler to verify the efficacy of a ship's ballast water treatment system
Baek, Seung Ho; Lee, Min Ji; Shin, kyoungsoon;
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To provide a type approval test for Ballast Water Treatment System (BWTS) of United States Coast Guard (USCG) Phase-II, this study examined the concentrating efficiency of nets for and sized phytoplanktonic organisms using different mesh sized nets ( or ), different injection methods (hand breaker as semi-continuous assessment or pump as continuous assessment), and different filterability for the water volume. As a result of the t-test, the net concentrated efficiency between and mesh size was not significant (p > 0.05). The difference in the net concentrated efficiency for filtered natural water volume was not significant (p > 0.05). On the other hand, the Chl.a concentration in the continuous water injection method was significantly (p < 0.05) higher than that of semi-continuous water injection (t-test: t: -4.058). In the natural phytoplankton community, a total of 36 species were identified, including Bacillariophyta (17 species), Dinophyta (15 species), Euglenophyta (1 species), Dictyochophyta (2 species), and unidentified taxa (1 species). Among them, diatom Pseudo-nitzchia spp. was remarkably dominant. In particular, the net concentrated efficiency in all assessments was underestimated to be approximately 20-25%, which was caused by the small size Pseudo-nitzchia spp.. A width size of these genus might have passed through the or mesh size of the net. Therefore, net concentrated efficiency is dependent on the size of the observed species in natural water. This issue should be considered when determining the net volume for the type approval test of BWTS.
USCG phase-II;Ballast water;Mesh size;Net sampler;Phytoplankton;
 Cited by
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