JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Height of the Shoe Heel in a Static Posture on Muscle Activity of the Rectus Abdominis, Erector Spinae, Rectus Femoris and Hamstring
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Height of the Shoe Heel in a Static Posture on Muscle Activity of the Rectus Abdominis, Erector Spinae, Rectus Femoris and Hamstring
Lee, Won-Hwee; Lee, Hyeon-Jun;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of height of the shoe heel in a one leg standing posture on the muscle activity of the rectus abdominis, erector spinae, hamstring, and rectus femoris. Twenty healthy female subjects were asked to perform a one leg standing posture with three types of shoes, which had different heights of shoe heel, 0cm, 3cm, and 7cm. Surface electromyography was used to evaluate the activities of the right rectus abdominis, erector spinae, hamstring, and rectus femoris muscles. The data was analyzed by repeated one-way ANOVA and the muscle activities among three heights of shoe heel were compared. The results showed that the muscle activities of the erector spinae and rectus femoris increased significantly according to increase height of shoe heel (p<0.05). The activity of the rectus abdominis and hamstring were not significantly different among the three height of shoe heel (p>0.05). These results suggest that the height of shoe heel affects the lumbo-pelvic alignment and center of mass; therefore, high-heeled shoes lead to musculoskeletal pain in the lumbopelvic, hip, and knee areas.
 Keywords
Electromyography;High-heeled shoes;Hip muscle;Static standing balance;Trunk muscle;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
B. K. Kim, W. T. Gong, H. S. Kim, "The Effect of Heel-height on the Lumbosacral Region Angle of Young Ladies", Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 49-59, 2007.

2.
M. H. Lee, J. S Chang, S. Y. Lee, J. Y. Ju, S. S. Bae, "The Effects of High-heeled Shoes on Static Balance and EMG Activity of Lower Extremity Muscles for Young Women", Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 43-48, 2009.

3.
D. Y. Lee, "The Study of the Impact of Body Alignment of Height Shoe in a Womans", The Korea Academia-industrial cooperation Society Semianaual, pp. 94-96, 2012.

4.
M. S. Jang, "Research on the emotional response to the design factors of women's shoes", Dissertation of Master degree, Ulsan University, 2014.

5.
C. Frey, F. Thompson, J. Smith, M. Sanders, H. Horstman. "American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society women's shoe survey", Foot Ankle, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 78-81, 1993. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/107110079301400204 crossref(new window)

6.
Y. H. Bae, M. S. Ko, Y. S. Park. "Effects of the revised high heeled shoes on joint angle of the lower extremity during standing: Pilot study", The Korea Academia-industrial cooperation Society Semianaual, pp. 743-744, 2014.

7.
J. S. Lee, J. S. Jang, H. P. Ahn, Y. G. Kim, E. J. Shin, Y. G. Kim, S. H. Bae. "Study of hallux valgus in women who's wearing heeled shoes", The Korea Academia-industrial cooperation Society Semianaual, pp. 658-663, 2014.

8.
C. J. Barton, J. A. Coyle, P. Tinley, "The effect of heel lifts on trunk muscle activation during gait: a study of young healthy females", Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 598-606, 2009. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2008.03.001 crossref(new window)

9.
A. Gefen, M. Megido-Ravid, Y. Itzchak, M. Arcan. "Analysis of muscular fatigue and foot stability during high-heeled gait", Gait & Posture, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 56-63, 2002. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0966-6362(01)00180-1 crossref(new window)

10.
B. J. Hsue, F. C. Su, "Kinematics and kinetics of the lower extremities of young and elder women during stairs ascent while wearing low and high-heeled shoes", Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 1071-1078, 2009. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2008.09.005 crossref(new window)

11.
K. H. Lee, J. C. Shieh, A. Matteliano, T. Semiehorowski, "Electromyographic changes of leg muscles with heel lifts in women: therapeutic implications", Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 31-33, 1990.

12.
C. M. Lee, E. H. Jeong, A. Freivalds, "Biomechanical effects of wearing high-heeled shoes", International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 321-326, 2001. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0169-8141(01)00038-5 crossref(new window)

13.
S. K. Seo, S. H. Kim, T. Y. Kim, "Evaluation of Static Balance in Postural Tasks and Visual Cue in Normal Subjects", The Journal Korean Society of Physical Therapy, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 51-56, 2009.

14.
H. Cohen, C. A. Blatchly, L. L. Gombash, "A study of the clinical test of sensory interaction and balance", Physical Therapy, vol. 73, no. 6, pp. 346-351, 1993.

15.
T. H. Kim, "Factors influencing pelvic and trunk motions during one-leg standing", Dissertation of Doctor degree, Yonsei University, 2010.

16.
S. A. Sahrmann, "Diagnosis and Treatment of Movement Impairment Syndrome", pp. 51-118, Mosby, 2002.

17.
D. W. Oh, S. C. Chon, J. H. Shim, "Effect of Shoe Heel Height on Standing Balance and Muscle Activation of Ankle Joint", Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 789-795, 2010. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5143/JESK.2010.29.5.789 crossref(new window)

18.
J. Cram, G. Kasman, J. Holtz, "Introduction of surface electromyography", pp. 358-371, Aspen Publishers, 1998.

19.
S. G. Kim, D. H. Im, E. K. Kong, "Muscle Activation Changes of Rectus Abdominal Muscle and Erector Spinae Muscle depending on Shoe Heel-height on Gait", Journal of Korean academy of physical therapist, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 1-7, 2012.

20.
W. W. Sagong, D. H. An, "Postural Strategy by the Difference of Shoe Heel Height During Quiet Standing on an Unstable Surface", Korean Research Society of Physical Therapy, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 28-36, 2014. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12674/ptk.2014.21.2.028

21.
A. Mika, L. Oleksy, P. Mika, A. Marchewka, B. C. Clark, "The influence of heel height on lower extremity kinematics and leg muscle activity during gait in young and middle-aged women", Gait & Posture, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 677-680, 2012. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2011.12.001 crossref(new window)

22.
M. H. Kim, C. H. Yi, W. G. Woo, B. R. Choi, "EMG and kinematics analysis of the trunk and lower extremity during the sit-to-stand task while wearing shoes with different heel heights in healthy young women", Human Movement Science, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 596-605, 2011. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2010.09.003 crossref(new window)

23.
P. A. Gribble, J. Hertel, C. R. Denegar, W. E. Buckley, "The Effects of Fatigue and Chronic Ankle Instability on Dynamic Postural Control", Journal of Athletic Training, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 321-329, 2004.

24.
K. A. Opila-Correia, "Kinematics of high-heeled gait", Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, vol. 71, no. 5, pp. 304-309, 1990.

25.
R. E. Snow, K. R. Williams, "High heeled shoes: their effect on center of mass position, posture, three-dimensional kinematics, rearfoot motion, and ground reaction forces", Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, vol. 75, no. 5, pp. 568-576, 1994.

26.
C. Kisner, L. A. Colby, "Therapeutic Exercise", pp383-405, FA Davis, 2002.

27.
J. W. Park, Y. J. Kim, "A Study on Changes in Lower Limb Joint Angles during Stair Walking with High Heel", The Journal Korean Society of Physical Therapy, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 379-385, 2013.

28.
C. J. Ebbeling, J. Hamil, J. A. Crussemeyer, "Lower extremity mechanics and energy cost of walking in high-heeled shoes", The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 190-196, 1994. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2519/jospt.1994.19.4.190 crossref(new window)